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Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigration) or coming into (immigration) a country. These lists are usually found as passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, and records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, ports of emigration, and occasionally places of origin or birthplaces.
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Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigration) or coming into (immigration) a country.<br>
  
These sources can help you determine where in Brazil your ancestor came from and where he or she came from prior to settling in Brazil. These records can also help you construct family groups. If you do not find your ancestor, you may find emigration information on your ancestor’s neighbors. People often emigrated with neighbors and friends from the same communities.  
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Emigration and immigration records can help you determine where in Brazil your ancestor came from as well as where she or he came from prior to settling in Brazil. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, ports of emigration, and occasionally places of origin or birthplaces. If you do not find your ancestor, you may find emigration information on your ancestor’s neighbors. People often emigrated with neighbors and friends from the same communities, and by finding the neighbor’s town of origin, you may locate your ancestor in the same place.
  
Europeans left Europe (Portugal) for Brazil from the 1530s onward. General immigration began in the 1800s with the transfer of the court from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro when a royal decree in 1808 opened the ports of Brazil to direct trade with foreign countries. For the first time citizens of other countries were welcome to enter in substantial numbers and become permanent citizens and land owners in Brazil.  
+
There are not many immigration records for Brazil prior to 1808, as Portuguese settlers were not considered immigrants.
  
Although many foreigners came at that time, most newcomers continued to come from Portugal. The Portuguese were not regarded as foreigners and usually did not consider themselves immigrants. Many originally did not intend to become permanent residents in Brazil.  
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== Online Records ==
 +
*[http://www.projetoimigrantes.com.br/ Brazil Immigrants Project (Projeto Imigrantes], ($) index
 +
*[http://200.144.6.120/memoriaimigrante/ Brazil, São Paulo Immigration Memorial (Arquivo Público Do Estado De São Paulo)], index
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1928179|Brazil, Bahia, Passenger Lists, 1855-1964}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1967737| Brazil, São Paulo, Immigrant Hostelry Records, 1882-1925}}, images, no index. Also at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9929 Ancestry.com], ($), images, no index.
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1932363|Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Immigration Cards, 1900-1965}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index & images
 +
*[http://bases.an.gov.br/rvbndes/Menu_Externo/ Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Immigrant Arrivals, 1875-1910] index
 +
*{{RecordSearch|2140223|Brazil, São Paulo, Immigration Cards, 1902-1980}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index & images
 +
*{{RecordSearch|2091716|Brazil, São Paulo, Port of Santos, Passenger and Immigrant Lists, 1960-1982}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — browsable images
  
Records were created when individuals emigrated from or immigrated to Brazil. Other records document a person’s arrival in his or her destination country. This section discusses:
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== Immigration Trends ==
  
*Finding your ancestor’s town of origin.  
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*'''1530-1755''' The Portuguese sent prisoners, degredados (exiles) or indesejáveis (undesirables) to Brazil.
*Immigration to Brazil.  
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*'''1530-1808''' The Portuguese limited immigration to Brazil to Portuguese nationals.
*Records of Brazilian emigrants to the United States of America.  
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*'''1808''' Brazil opened immigration to individuals from any country.
*Other records of departure.
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*'''1890''' In response to the freeing of the slave population, plantation owners (fazendeiros) created the Sociedade Promotora de Imigração (Society for the Promotion of Emigration) to promote immigration, leading to an increased European immigration to Brazil.
 +
*'''1808-1940''' Immigrants came from over 50 nations, mainly Portugal, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Japan, Russia, France, Spain, Turkey, the British Isles, and other South American countries. Many settled in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Rio de Janeiro.  
 +
*'''1865-1870s''' Thousands of Southerners from the United States emigrated to Brazil. Most settled in Amazonas, Espírito Santo, and São Paulo, establishing rural colonies. Most of these colonies failed and the settlers returned to the United States.
  
There are some helpful records about Portuguese immigrants into Brazil. There are not many immigration records for Brazil prior to 1808.
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== Passenger Lists==
  
=== Finding Your Ancestor’s Town of Origin  ===
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When migrants arrived or departed from Brazilian ports, they usually used one of the three following ports:
 +
*'''Rio de Janeiro''' had its own port. There, migrants were registered through the Agência Central de Imigração (Central Agency for Immigration). Newly arrived immigrants were then taken to the Ilha das Flores (Isle of Flores) and processed at the Casa dos Imigrantes (House of Emigrants).
 +
*'''Santos''' was the main port for the city of São Paulo. The port authorities who registered and handled migrants in Brazil were known as the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants).
 +
*'''Salvador''' was the main port for the state of Bahia.
  
Once you have traced your family back to your immigrant ancestor, you must determine the city or town where the ancestor lived. Brazil has no nationwide index to birth, marriage, or death records. These records were kept locally.  
+
Many of the Brazilian immigrants from Europe and other western hemisphere countries left from the ports of Bremen, Hamburg, La Havre, Bordeaux, Marseille, Antwerp, Rotterdam, Lisbon, Funchal, Cádiz, New Orleans, Naples, Tokyo, and New York. While [[Hamburg Passenger Lists]] are available on microfilm at the Family History Library, departure lists from La Havre, New Orleans, and New York were not preserved.
  
There are several sources that may give your ancestor’s place of origin. You may be able to learn the town your ancestor came from by talking to older family members. Members of your family may have documents that name the city or town, such as:
+
The information in passenger lists varies over time but usually includes the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, and destinations. In addition, relationships and last residences or birthplaces may be given.
  
*Birth, marriage, and death certificates.
+
=== Records at the Family History Library ===
*Obituaries.
+
Some passenger lists are available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Perform a [[FamilySearch Catalog Keywords Search|keywords search]] in the [https://familysearch.org/catalog/search FamilySearch Catalog] for '''Brazil passageiros''' to find lists of passengers entering and leaving Brazil.
*Journals.
 
*Photographs.
 
*Letters.
 
*Family Bibles.  
 
*Church records.  
 
*Naturalization applications and petitions.
 
*Passenger lists.
 
*Passports.
 
*Family heirlooms.
 
  
Emigrants leaving Brazil may have left records documenting their migration both in Brazil and in the country they moved to.
+
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of immigration records from each of these ports. These records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog under a '''subject search''' for:
  
Information on Brazilian migration is found in:
+
BRAZIL - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION
  
Ferenczi, Imre. ''International Migrations'', volume I: Statistics. Series: The American immigration collection. Series 2, vol. 1. New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1970. (FHL book 304.8 F379i)
+
=== Records at Brazilian Archives ===
 +
'''Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia (Salvador)'''<br>
 +
The "Historical Section" of the Bahia state archive has six volumes of passport records (''passaportes e guias'') from 1718 to 1822 as well as copies of the record of immigrants to the port of Salvador from 1839 to 1854.<br>
  
=== Passenger Lists  ===
+
''For an address of the state and national archives, see [[Brazil Archives and Libraries]].''
  
Most Brazilian emigrants left through the ports of Rio de Janeiro, Santos, and São Paulo. Records of departures are called passenger lists. The information in these lists varies over time but usually includes the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, and destinations. In addition, relationships and last residences or birthplaces may be given.  
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== Immigration Cards ==
 +
Brazilian consulates around the world issued immigration cards, which were presented at the Brazilian port of entry by foreigners visiting or immigrating to Brazil.
  
There are few emigration sources for the ports of Brazil. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of some records of emigrants leaving from the port of Rio de Janeiro. These records, from 1835 to 1842, were filmed from the Hostelry of Immigrants (Hospedaria de Imigrantes) and are called Saídas (Departures) (FHL film 1285642 items 2–5, 1285643–1285644).  
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Information on immigration cards may contain the immigrant's name, date of immigration, date and place of birth, nationality, marital status, parents' names, profession/occupation, place of residence in country of origin, names, ages, and genders of children under the age of 18 traveling with the individual, passport number, whether the stay was permanent or temporary.
  
Many of those who emigrated from Europe and other western hemisphere countries to Brazil left from the ports of Bremen, Hamburg, La Havre, Bordeaux, Marseille, Antwerp, Rotterdam, Lisbon, Funchal, Cádiz, New Orleans, Naples, Tokyo, and New York.  
+
=== Records at the Family History Library ===
 +
*{{FHL|1366174|disp=Brazil, Bahia, Entradas de Immigrantes, 1839-1854}} first of six films. All have been digitized.
 +
*{{FHL|1090236|disp=Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Registro de estrangeiros, 1808–1842}} items 1-3.
 +
*{{FHL|1285633|disp=Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Registro de imigrantes, 1808–1922}} film number 1285633–1285704.
  
The passenger records from Hamburg have been microfilmed and are available in the collection of the Family History Library. These passenger lists and indexes are most fully described in [[Hamburg Passenger Lists]]. Note: the old Hamburg Passenger Lists Resource Guide has been incorporated into the article. Also see the microfiche instructions in [https://familysearch.org/catalog/search ''Hamburg Passenger Lists''.]
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The Family History Library has microfilm copies of immigration records from each of these ports. These records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog under a '''subject search''' for:
  
Departure lists from La Havre, New Orleans, and New York were not preserved.
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BRAZIL - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION
  
=== Immigration to Brazil  ===
+
=== Records at the Brazilian Archives ===
 
 
Prior to 1755 the Portuguese sent prisoners, degredados (exiles) or indesejáveis (undesirables) to its colonies, and prior to 1808 the Portuguese limited immigration to Brazil to Portuguese nationals. After 1808, Brazil opened its ports to international commerce and began to encourage immigration.
 
 
 
It was not until the law of 1871, when the Lei do Ventre Livre (Law of Free Birth) freed all newborns of slaves, and the law of 1888, Lei Áurea (Golden Law), which freed all slaves, that many Europeans saw the opportunity to immigrate and better themselves in a non slavery environment. These laws forced the plantation owners (fazendeiros) to look to other sources for laborers. Therefore, in 1890s they organized the Sociedade Promotora de Imigração (Society for the Promotion of Emigration) to promote immigration.
 
 
 
From 1808 to 1940 immigrants came to Brazil from over 50 nations all over the world; most were from Portugal, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Japan, Russia, France, Spain, Turkey, the British Isles, and other South American countries. This wave of immigration was caused by political and financial conditions and by work opportunities on the plantations. Many settled in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Rio de Janeiro.
 
 
 
After the United States Civil War, many Southerners emigrated to Brazil. By 1872, 4,000 Southerners had emigrated to Amazonas, Espírito Santo, and São Paulo, establishing rural colonies. A few of these survived, such as Americana in São Paulo, but most failed, and the settlers returned to the United States. One source for these emigrants is listed under [[Brazil Cemeteries]]. Other sources at the Family History Library include:
 
 
 
''The Confederados: Old South Immigrants in Brazil''. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, c1995. (FHL book 981.61 H2c)
 
 
 
Griggs, William Clark. ''The Elusive Eden: Frank McMullan’s Confederate Colony in Brazil''. Austin: University of Texas Press, c1987. (FHL book 981 F2gw)
 
 
 
Confederates in Brazil website: [http://www.confederados.com.br/ Brazil Confederates]
 
 
 
Most immigrants to Brazil arrived at one of three ports in Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Santos, or Salvador. As immigrants arrived to the port of Rio de Janeiro, they were registered by the Agência Central de Imigração (Central Agency for Immigration). Those disembarking in the port of Rio de Janeiro were taken to the Ilha das Flores (Isle of Flores) and processed at the Casa dos Imigrantes (House of Emigrants). Those destined for São Paulo continued on to Santos. After 1854, many ships went directly to Santos. The port authorities who registered and handled immigrants in Brazil were known as the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants).
 
 
 
<br> '''The Brazilian Compass<br> '''
 
 
 
Lawrence B. Bangerter helped compile The Brazilian Compass. This two volume work is a useful guide to immigration for Brazil. It includes name of vessel, places of embarkation and debarkation, dates and corresponding Family History Library film numbers for immigration records. Both volumes have been digitized by the Family History Archives at Brigham Young University, and are accessable online:<br>
 
 
 
{{FSbook|184650}} {{FSbook|50329}}
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
'''Germans in Brazil 1850-1865'''
 
 
 
In the newspaper "Hamburger Nachrichten" emigrants to Brazil advertised their whereabouts in Brazil in order to give their relatives an update. The author Renate Hauschild-Thiessen has listed such emigrants in GENEALOGIE, Heft 4, year 24 (1975), page 493. This article is available through the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, call number 943 B2gf.
 
 
 
Luetjohann, Roland. Die Ersten deutschen Auswanderer in Brasilien. ''Archiv für Sippenforschung'', 8. Jahrgang, Heft 3. Available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, call number 943 B2as. Contains names of Swiss (canton Freiburg) and German emigrants (from Helsbach) with date of arrival and circumstances<br>
 
 
 
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
 
 
 
[[Brazil Immigration Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Brazil, Immigration Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
 
 
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of immigration records from each of these ports. These records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog under:
 
 
 
BRAZIL - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION
 
 
 
=== Rio de Janeiro  ===
 
  
 +
'''Arquivo Nacional (Rio de Janeiro)'''<br>
 
In the Arquivo Nacional (National Archive), in Rio de Janeiro, there is a large collection of immigration records on cards in nearly 30 drawers. These cards have information on Portuguese immigrants to Brazil. The National Archive in Brazil compiled a supplement volumes to this collection:  
 
In the Arquivo Nacional (National Archive), in Rio de Janeiro, there is a large collection of immigration records on cards in nearly 30 drawers. These cards have information on Portuguese immigrants to Brazil. The National Archive in Brazil compiled a supplement volumes to this collection:  
 
+
*''Registro de Estrangeiros e Entradas de Portugueses do Registro de Estrangeiros nas Capitanias, 1777–1819 (Register of the Foreigners and Emigrants from the Portuguese Register of Foreigners in the Captaincies, 1777–1819''). Rio de Janeiro: Arquivo Nacional.  
''Registro de Estrangeiros e Entradas de Portugueses do Registro de Estrangeiros nas Capitanias, 1777–1819 (Register of the Foreigners and Emigrants from the Portuguese Register of Foreigners in the Captaincies, 1777–1819''). Rio de Janeiro: Arquivo Nacional.  
 
 
 
''Registro de estrangeiros, 1808–1842 (Register of foreigners, 1808–1842''). 4 vols. (From series: Publicações do Arquivo Nacional, vols. 46, 49–50, 54.) Rio de Janeiro: Arquivo Nacional, Ministério da Justiça e Negócios Interiores, 1961–1964. (FHL book 981 W2b; film 1090236 items 1–3 and 1162487 item 4)
 
 
 
 
Another book from the National Archives in Brazil lists emigration records of French residents in Rio de Janeiro:  
 
Another book from the National Archives in Brazil lists emigration records of French residents in Rio de Janeiro:  
 +
*''Os franceses residentes no Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1820 (The French Residents in Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1820''). Rio de Janeiro: Arquivo Nacional, 1960.
 +
The original records of the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants) in Rio de Janeiro are also available, although they have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and include arrival lists, passports, lists of ships, and so on:
 +
*''Registros de imigrantes (Register of Immigrants''). Arquivo Nacional no Rio de Janeiro, N.p., (1981).
  
''Os franceses residentes no Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1820 (The French Residents in Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1820''). Rio de Janeiro: Arquivo Nacional, 1960. (FHL book 981.53/R1 F2b; film 1102990 item 7 or 0897926 item 2)
+
'''Arquivo da Secretaria da Promoção Social (Santos/São Paulo)'''<br>
 +
The original records of the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants) from 1854 to 1885 in São Paulo are at the Arquivo da Secretaria da Promoção Social (Archive of the Secretary of Social Progress).
  
The original records of the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants) in Rio de Janeiro are at the National Archives, in Rio de Janeiro. Records from this office have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and include arrival lists, passports, lists of ships, and so on:
 
  
''Registros de imigrantes (Register of Immigrants''). Arquivo Nacional no Rio de Janeiro, N.p., (1981). (FHL numbers 1285633–1285704)
+
''Many records prior to 1940 of naturalization and citizenship are in the National Archives. Records created after 1940 are in the office of the Minister of Justice.''  
  
A published list of Brazilian immigrants from North America through Rio de Janeiro is:
+
''For an address of the National Archives, in Rio de Janeiro, see [[Brazil Archives and Libraries]].''
  
Oliveira, Betty Antunes de. ''Movimento de passageiros norte-americanos no porto do Rio de Janeiro, 1865–1890 (Movement of North American Passengers in the Port of Rio de Janeiro, 1865–1890''). Rio de Janeiro: B. A. de Oliveira, 1982. (FHL book 981.53/R1 W3o; film 1162490)
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== Passports ==
  
Many records prior to 1940 of naturalization and citizenship are in the National Archives. Records created after 1940 are in the office of the Minister of Justice:
+
People desiring to leave Brazil were required to obtain passports from the Federal Police (Polícia Federal) in each state capital.  
  
Ministério da Justiça <br>Serviço de Comunicações <br>Rua México 128 - Centro <br>20031-142 Rio de Janeiro, RJ <br>BRASIL
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The applicant had to provide an original copy of her or his birth certificate, two recent pictures, a voter’s registration, an identification card, CIC (income tax information), and a military release (required for males over 18 and under 45 years). After completing the necessary forms the police performed a background check. You can research these records if you can show your relationship to the person and a need to see the records. Useful records are:
  
For an address of the National Archives, in Rio de Janeiro, see [[Brazil Archives and Libraries]].
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:4em"|
 +
*Permissions to emigrate (Rio de Janeiro)
 +
*Probates of relatives who stayed
 +
*Police records
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:1em"|
 +
*Passports
 +
*Court records
 +
|}
  
=== Santos  ===
+
The addresses for the Federal Police are:
  
Santos was the main port for the city of São Paulo. The original records of the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants) from 1854 to 1885 in São Paulo are at the Arquivo da Secretaria da Promoção Social (Archive of the Secretary of Social Progress).
+
'''Policia Federal (Escritório Central)'''<br>
 +
Avenida Prestes Maia, 700 Centro<br>
 +
05512-000 São Paulo, SP<br>
 +
BRASIL<br>
  
Copies of indexes for 1882 to 1925 and the original records for 1882 to 1920 of the Hospedaria de Imigrantes have been microfilmed by the Family History library and can be researched on film:
+
'''Policia Marítima''' <br>
 +
Avenida Venezuela 2 - Saúde <br>
 +
20081-310 Rio de Janeiro, RJ <br>
 +
BRASIL<br>
  
Matrícula dos imigrantes (Registrations of immigrants). São Paulo: Arquivo da Secretaria da Promoção Social, N.p., (1981). (FHL film numbers 1285566–1285623)
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'''Directoria de Portos e Costas (CIPANAVE)'''<br>
 +
Rua Teófilo Otoni 4-Centro<br>
 +
Rio de Janeiro<br>
 +
RJ - Brazil<br>
 +
CEP: 20090-070 <br>
 +
Phone: <span class="skype_c2c_print_container notranslate">+55 21 2104 5195</span><br>
 +
Fax: + 55 21 2104 5196<br>
 +
E-mail: [mailto:secom@dpc.mar.mil.br secom@dpc.mar.mil.br]<br>
  
The address for the São Paulo Hospedaria (Hostelry) is:  
+
'''Departamento de Policia Federal''' <br>
 +
Rua da Assembléia 70 - Centro <br>
 +
20011-000 Rio de Janeiro, RJ <br>
 +
BRASIL <br>
 +
http://www.dpf.gov.br/
  
Centro Histórico de Imigrante<br>Rua Visconde de Parnaíba, 1316 - Brás <br>03044-001 São Paulo, SP <br>BRASIL <br>Tel.: 01-55-292-1022 (Ramal 112)
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== Other Sources of Immigration Information  ==
  
=== Salvador (State of Bahia)  ===
+
You may be able to learn the town your ancestor came from by talking to older family members. Members of your family may have documents that name the city or town, such as:
  
The Family History Library has copies of the record of immigrants to the port of Salvador from 1839 to 1854. These records were filmed from original records in the Public Archive of the State of Bahia (Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia). These can be found at the Family History Library under:
+
{|
 +
|-
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:4em"|
 +
* Birth, marriage, and death certificates
 +
*Obituaries
 +
*Journals
 +
*Photographs
 +
*Letters
 +
*Family Bibles
 +
| style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:1em"|
 +
*Church records
 +
*Naturalization applications and petitions
 +
*Passenger lists
 +
*Passports
 +
*Family heirlooms
 +
|}
  
''Títulos de residência a estrangeiros (Titles of residence of foreigners''). Bahia: Público do Estado da Bahia, n.d. (1983). (FHL numbers 1366174–1366178)
+
==Records of Brazilian Emigrants to the United States==
  
In the "Historical Section" of the Bahia state archive there are also six volumes of passport records (passaportes e guias) from 1718 to 1822.  
+
Sometimes the best sources for information about your immigrant ancestor are created in the country he or she emigrated to. Many Brazilians migrated to Florida, New York, Illinois, California, Texas, Washington, and Utah. Emigration from Brazil has occurred mostly in the 20th century.  
  
=== Records of Brazilian Emigrants to the United States ===
+
Immigration records provide the town of origin and other information. To learn about these records, view the state naturalization pages under [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship]].
  
Sometimes the best sources for information about your immigrant ancestor are found in the country he or she emigrated to. Many Brazilians migrated to Florida, New York, Illinois, California, Texas, Washington, and Utah. Emigration from Brazil has occurred mostly in the 20th century.
+
*'''Passenger lists'''. Most Brazilian immigrants to the United States arrived at the ports of New York and New Orleans. Many of these records have been digitized. See [[United States Emigration and Immigration]] for more information about emigration and immigration records of the United States.
 
 
Immigration records provide the town of origin and other information. To learn about these records, use handbooks and manuals on research in the United States.
 
 
 
Although there are some emigration records for Brazil, you should first research the records of the United States.
 
 
 
*'''Passenger lists'''. Most Brazilian immigrants to the United States arrived at the ports of New York and New Orleans. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the records and indexes of these ports for 1898 to 1940. See [[United States Emigration and Immigration]] for more information about emigration and immigration records of the United States.
 
  
 
*'''Immigration and Naturalization'''. The Immigration and Naturalization Service has a national index of immigrants who arrived in the United States between 1906 to 1956. For its records, write to:
 
*'''Immigration and Naturalization'''. The Immigration and Naturalization Service has a national index of immigrants who arrived in the United States between 1906 to 1956. For its records, write to:
  
Immigration and Naturalization Service <br>425 "I" Street NW <br>Washington, D.C. 20536 <br>Tel.: 1-800-375-5283&nbsp;&nbsp; 1-800-767-1833 (TTY)<br>e-mail: [mailto:uscis.webmaster@dhs.gov uscis.webmaster@dhs.gov]. <br>Website: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis  
+
Immigration and Naturalization Service<br>
 
+
425 "I" Street NW<br>
=== Other Records of Departure  ===
+
Washington, D.C. 20536<br>
 
+
Tel.: 1-800-375-5283&nbsp;&nbsp; 1-800-767-1833 (TTY)<br>
People desiring to leave Brazil were required to obtain passports from the Federal Police (Polícia Federal) in each state capital.
+
e-mail: [mailto:uscis.webmaster@dhs.gov uscis.webmaster@dhs.gov]<br>
 
+
Website: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis
The applicant had to provide an original copy of his or her birth certificate, two recent pictures, a voter’s registration, an identification card, CIC (income tax information), and a military release (required for males over 18 and under 45 years). After completing the necessary forms the police performed a background check. You can research these records if you can show your relationship to the person and a need to see the records. Useful records are:
 
 
 
*Permissions to emigrate (Rio de Janeiro).
 
*Probates of relatives who stayed.
 
*Police records.
 
*Passports.
 
*Court records.
 
 
 
The addresses for the Federal Police are:
 
 
 
Policia Federal (Escritório Central)<br>Avenida Prestes Maia, 700 Centro<br>05512-000 São Paulo, SP <br>BRASIL
 
 
 
Policia Marítima <br>Avenida Venezuela 2 - Saúde <br>20081-310 Rio de Janeiro, RJ <br>BRASIL
 
 
 
Directoria de Portos e Costas (CIPANAVE)<br>Rua Teófilo Otoni 4-Centro<br>Rio de Janeiro<br>RJ - Brazil<br>CEP: 20090-070
 
 
 
Phone: <span class="skype_c2c_print_container notranslate">+55 21 2104 5195</span><span data-ismobile="false" data-isrtl="false" data-isfreecall="false" data-numbertocall="+552121045195" dir="ltr" class="skype_c2c_container notranslate" id="skype_c2c_container"><span dir="ltr" class="skype_c2c_highlighting_inactive_common"><span id="non_free_num_ui" class="skype_c2c_textarea_span">[[Image:]]<span class="skype_c2c_text_span">+55 21 2104 5195</span><span class="skype_c2c_free_text_span" /></span></span></span><br>Fax: + 55 21 2104 5196<br>E-mail: [mailto:secom@dpc.mar.mil.br secom@dpc.mar.mil.br]&nbsp;
 
 
 
Departamento de Policia Federal <br>Rua da Assembléia 70 - Centro <br>20011-000 Rio de Janeiro, RJ <br>BRASIL <br>http://www.dpf.gov.br/
 
 
 
== Websites  ==
 
  
 +
== Additional Resources ==
 +
The following websites give further information on Brazilian emigration and immigration
 
*[http://museumvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=217 History of immigration from Brazil]
 
*[http://museumvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=217 History of immigration from Brazil]
 
*[http://www.projetoimigrantes.com.br/ Immigrant Project (in Portuguese)]
 
*[http://www.projetoimigrantes.com.br/ Immigrant Project (in Portuguese)]
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~eubukov/ Emigrants from Bukovina to Paraná (in Portuguese)]
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*[https://web.archive.org/web/20160917173942/http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com:80/~eubukov/ Emigrants from Bukovina to Paraná (in Portuguese)]
 
*[http://www.imigrantesitalianos.com.br Italian Immigrants (in Portuguese)]
 
*[http://www.imigrantesitalianos.com.br Italian Immigrants (in Portuguese)]
 
*[http://www.centenario2008.org.br/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1 Japanese Immigration to Brazil (in Portuguese)]  
 
*[http://www.centenario2008.org.br/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1 Japanese Immigration to Brazil (in Portuguese)]  
 
*[http://www.apellidositalianos.com.ar/ Italian Surnames (in Spanish)]
 
*[http://www.apellidositalianos.com.ar/ Italian Surnames (in Spanish)]
<br>
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*[http://www.confederados.com.br/ Confederates in Brazil]
 
 
'''A wiki article describing this collection is found at:'''
 
  
[[Brazil Immigration Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Brazil Immigration Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
The Family History Library has additional information on Brazilian emigration and immigration. These sources include:
 +
*Bangerter, Lawrence B. ''The Brazilian Compass.''
 +
**This two volume work includes name of vessel, places of embarkation and debarkation, dates and corresponding Family History Library film numbers for immigration records. Both volumes have been digitized by the Family History Archives at Brigham Young University, and are accessible online. {{FHL|184650|disp=Volume 1}} {{FHL|50329|disp=Volume 2}}
 +
*''The Confederados: Old South Immigrants in Brazil''. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, c1995. {{FHL|981.61 H2c}}
 +
*Ferenczi, Imre. ''International Migrations'', volume I: Statistics. Series: The American immigration collection. Series 2, vol. 1. New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1970. {{FHL|304.8 F379i}}
 +
*Griggs, William Clark. ''The Elusive Eden: Frank McMullan’s Confederate Colony in Brazil''. Austin: University of Texas Press, c1987. {{FHL|981 F2gw}}
 +
*Hauschild-Thiessen, Renate. ''Germans in Brazil 1850-1865,'' ''German emigrants to Brazil advertised their whereabouts in Brazil in order to give their relatives an update in the newspaper ''Hamburger Nachrichten.'' The author listed all emigrants who posted such announcements. {{FHL|943 B2gf}}
 +
*Luetjohann, Roland. Die Ersten deutschen Auswanderer in Brasilien. ''Archiv für Sippenforschung'', 8. Jahrgang, Heft 3.{{FHL|943 B2as|}}Contains names of Swiss (canton Freiburg) and German emigrants (from Helsbach) with date of arrival and circumstances.
 +
*Oliveira, Betty Antunes de. ''Movimento de passageiros norte-americanos no porto do Rio de Janeiro, 1865–1890 (Movement of North American Passengers in the Port of Rio de Janeiro, 1865–1890''). Rio de Janeiro: B. A. de Oliveira, 1982. {{FHL|981.53/R1 W3o}}; {{FHL|1162490}}
  
 +
== Wiki Articles Describing this Collection ==
 +
[[Brazil, Bahia, Passenger Lists - FamilySearch Historical Records]] <br>
 +
[[Brazil Immigration Records - FamilySearch Historical Records|Brazil Immigration Records - FamilySearch Historical Records]] <br>
 +
[[Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Immigration Cards - FamilySearch Historical Records]] <br>
 +
[[Brazil, São Paulo, Immigration Cards - FamilySearch Historical Records]] <br>
 +
[[Brazil, São Paulo, Immigrant Hostelry Records, - FamilySearch Historical Records]] <br>
 +
[[Brazil, São Paulo, Port of Santos, Passenger and Immigrant Lists - FamilySearch Historical Records]] <br>
  
{{H-langs|en=Brazil Emigration and Immigration|pt=Brasil Emigração e Imigração}}<br>  
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{{H-langs|en=Brazil Emigration and Immigration|pt=Brasil Emigração e Imigração|es=Emigración e inmigración de Brasil}}<br>  
  
 
[[Category:Brazil_Emigration_and_Immigration]]
 
[[Category:Brazil_Emigration_and_Immigration]]

Latest revision as of 17:23, 8 August 2019

Brazil Research Topics
Brazil flag
Beginning Research
Record Types
Brazil Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Brazil is Giuseppe Martinengo

Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigration) or coming into (immigration) a country.

Emigration and immigration records can help you determine where in Brazil your ancestor came from as well as where she or he came from prior to settling in Brazil. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, ports of emigration, and occasionally places of origin or birthplaces. If you do not find your ancestor, you may find emigration information on your ancestor’s neighbors. People often emigrated with neighbors and friends from the same communities, and by finding the neighbor’s town of origin, you may locate your ancestor in the same place.

There are not many immigration records for Brazil prior to 1808, as Portuguese settlers were not considered immigrants.

Online Records[edit | edit source]

Immigration Trends[edit | edit source]

  • 1530-1755 The Portuguese sent prisoners, degredados (exiles) or indesejáveis (undesirables) to Brazil.
  • 1530-1808 The Portuguese limited immigration to Brazil to Portuguese nationals.
  • 1808 Brazil opened immigration to individuals from any country.
  • 1890 In response to the freeing of the slave population, plantation owners (fazendeiros) created the Sociedade Promotora de Imigração (Society for the Promotion of Emigration) to promote immigration, leading to an increased European immigration to Brazil.
  • 1808-1940 Immigrants came from over 50 nations, mainly Portugal, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Japan, Russia, France, Spain, Turkey, the British Isles, and other South American countries. Many settled in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1865-1870s Thousands of Southerners from the United States emigrated to Brazil. Most settled in Amazonas, Espírito Santo, and São Paulo, establishing rural colonies. Most of these colonies failed and the settlers returned to the United States.

Passenger Lists[edit | edit source]

When migrants arrived or departed from Brazilian ports, they usually used one of the three following ports:

  • Rio de Janeiro had its own port. There, migrants were registered through the Agência Central de Imigração (Central Agency for Immigration). Newly arrived immigrants were then taken to the Ilha das Flores (Isle of Flores) and processed at the Casa dos Imigrantes (House of Emigrants).
  • Santos was the main port for the city of São Paulo. The port authorities who registered and handled migrants in Brazil were known as the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants).
  • Salvador was the main port for the state of Bahia.

Many of the Brazilian immigrants from Europe and other western hemisphere countries left from the ports of Bremen, Hamburg, La Havre, Bordeaux, Marseille, Antwerp, Rotterdam, Lisbon, Funchal, Cádiz, New Orleans, Naples, Tokyo, and New York. While Hamburg Passenger Lists are available on microfilm at the Family History Library, departure lists from La Havre, New Orleans, and New York were not preserved.

The information in passenger lists varies over time but usually includes the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, and destinations. In addition, relationships and last residences or birthplaces may be given.

Records at the Family History Library[edit | edit source]

Some passenger lists are available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Perform a keywords search in the FamilySearch Catalog for Brazil passageiros to find lists of passengers entering and leaving Brazil.

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of immigration records from each of these ports. These records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog under a subject search for:

BRAZIL - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION

Records at Brazilian Archives[edit | edit source]

Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia (Salvador)
The "Historical Section" of the Bahia state archive has six volumes of passport records (passaportes e guias) from 1718 to 1822 as well as copies of the record of immigrants to the port of Salvador from 1839 to 1854.

For an address of the state and national archives, see Brazil Archives and Libraries.

Immigration Cards[edit | edit source]

Brazilian consulates around the world issued immigration cards, which were presented at the Brazilian port of entry by foreigners visiting or immigrating to Brazil.

Information on immigration cards may contain the immigrant's name, date of immigration, date and place of birth, nationality, marital status, parents' names, profession/occupation, place of residence in country of origin, names, ages, and genders of children under the age of 18 traveling with the individual, passport number, whether the stay was permanent or temporary.

Records at the Family History Library[edit | edit source]

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of immigration records from each of these ports. These records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog under a subject search for:

BRAZIL - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION

Records at the Brazilian Archives[edit | edit source]

Arquivo Nacional (Rio de Janeiro)
In the Arquivo Nacional (National Archive), in Rio de Janeiro, there is a large collection of immigration records on cards in nearly 30 drawers. These cards have information on Portuguese immigrants to Brazil. The National Archive in Brazil compiled a supplement volumes to this collection:

  • Registro de Estrangeiros e Entradas de Portugueses do Registro de Estrangeiros nas Capitanias, 1777–1819 (Register of the Foreigners and Emigrants from the Portuguese Register of Foreigners in the Captaincies, 1777–1819). Rio de Janeiro: Arquivo Nacional.

Another book from the National Archives in Brazil lists emigration records of French residents in Rio de Janeiro:

  • Os franceses residentes no Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1820 (The French Residents in Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1820). Rio de Janeiro: Arquivo Nacional, 1960.

The original records of the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants) in Rio de Janeiro are also available, although they have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and include arrival lists, passports, lists of ships, and so on:

  • Registros de imigrantes (Register of Immigrants). Arquivo Nacional no Rio de Janeiro, N.p., (1981).

Arquivo da Secretaria da Promoção Social (Santos/São Paulo)
The original records of the Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Hostelry of Immigrants) from 1854 to 1885 in São Paulo are at the Arquivo da Secretaria da Promoção Social (Archive of the Secretary of Social Progress).


Many records prior to 1940 of naturalization and citizenship are in the National Archives. Records created after 1940 are in the office of the Minister of Justice.

For an address of the National Archives, in Rio de Janeiro, see Brazil Archives and Libraries.

Passports[edit | edit source]

People desiring to leave Brazil were required to obtain passports from the Federal Police (Polícia Federal) in each state capital.

The applicant had to provide an original copy of her or his birth certificate, two recent pictures, a voter’s registration, an identification card, CIC (income tax information), and a military release (required for males over 18 and under 45 years). After completing the necessary forms the police performed a background check. You can research these records if you can show your relationship to the person and a need to see the records. Useful records are:

  • Permissions to emigrate (Rio de Janeiro)
  • Probates of relatives who stayed
  • Police records
  • Passports
  • Court records

The addresses for the Federal Police are:

Policia Federal (Escritório Central)
Avenida Prestes Maia, 700 Centro
05512-000 São Paulo, SP
BRASIL

Policia Marítima
Avenida Venezuela 2 - Saúde
20081-310 Rio de Janeiro, RJ
BRASIL

Directoria de Portos e Costas (CIPANAVE)
Rua Teófilo Otoni 4-Centro
Rio de Janeiro
RJ - Brazil
CEP: 20090-070
Phone: +55 21 2104 5195
Fax: + 55 21 2104 5196
E-mail: secom@dpc.mar.mil.br

Departamento de Policia Federal
Rua da Assembléia 70 - Centro
20011-000 Rio de Janeiro, RJ
BRASIL
http://www.dpf.gov.br/

Other Sources of Immigration Information[edit | edit source]

You may be able to learn the town your ancestor came from by talking to older family members. Members of your family may have documents that name the city or town, such as:

  • Birth, marriage, and death certificates
  • Obituaries
  • Journals
  • Photographs
  • Letters
  • Family Bibles
  • Church records
  • Naturalization applications and petitions
  • Passenger lists
  • Passports
  • Family heirlooms

Records of Brazilian Emigrants to the United States[edit | edit source]

Sometimes the best sources for information about your immigrant ancestor are created in the country he or she emigrated to. Many Brazilians migrated to Florida, New York, Illinois, California, Texas, Washington, and Utah. Emigration from Brazil has occurred mostly in the 20th century.

Immigration records provide the town of origin and other information. To learn about these records, view the state naturalization pages under United States Naturalization and Citizenship.

  • Passenger lists. Most Brazilian immigrants to the United States arrived at the ports of New York and New Orleans. Many of these records have been digitized. See United States Emigration and Immigration for more information about emigration and immigration records of the United States.
  • Immigration and Naturalization. The Immigration and Naturalization Service has a national index of immigrants who arrived in the United States between 1906 to 1956. For its records, write to:

Immigration and Naturalization Service
425 "I" Street NW
Washington, D.C. 20536
Tel.: 1-800-375-5283   1-800-767-1833 (TTY)
e-mail: uscis.webmaster@dhs.gov
Website: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

The following websites give further information on Brazilian emigration and immigration

The Family History Library has additional information on Brazilian emigration and immigration. These sources include:

  • Bangerter, Lawrence B. The Brazilian Compass.
    • This two volume work includes name of vessel, places of embarkation and debarkation, dates and corresponding Family History Library film numbers for immigration records. Both volumes have been digitized by the Family History Archives at Brigham Young University, and are accessible online. Volume 1 Volume 2
  • The Confederados: Old South Immigrants in Brazil. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, c1995. FHL 981.61 H2c
  • Ferenczi, Imre. International Migrations, volume I: Statistics. Series: The American immigration collection. Series 2, vol. 1. New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1970. FHL 304.8 F379i
  • Griggs, William Clark. The Elusive Eden: Frank McMullan’s Confederate Colony in Brazil. Austin: University of Texas Press, c1987. FHL 981 F2gw
  • Hauschild-Thiessen, Renate. Germans in Brazil 1850-1865, German emigrants to Brazil advertised their whereabouts in Brazil in order to give their relatives an update in the newspaper Hamburger Nachrichten. The author listed all emigrants who posted such announcements. FHL 943 B2gf
  • Luetjohann, Roland. Die Ersten deutschen Auswanderer in Brasilien. Archiv für Sippenforschung, 8. Jahrgang, Heft 3.FHL 943 B2asContains names of Swiss (canton Freiburg) and German emigrants (from Helsbach) with date of arrival and circumstances.
  • Oliveira, Betty Antunes de. Movimento de passageiros norte-americanos no porto do Rio de Janeiro, 1865–1890 (Movement of North American Passengers in the Port of Rio de Janeiro, 1865–1890). Rio de Janeiro: B. A. de Oliveira, 1982. FHL 981.53/R1 W3o; FHL 1162490

Wiki Articles Describing this Collection[edit | edit source]

Brazil, Bahia, Passenger Lists - FamilySearch Historical Records
Brazil Immigration Records - FamilySearch Historical Records
Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Immigration Cards - FamilySearch Historical Records
Brazil, São Paulo, Immigration Cards - FamilySearch Historical Records
Brazil, São Paulo, Immigrant Hostelry Records, - FamilySearch Historical Records
Brazil, São Paulo, Port of Santos, Passenger and Immigrant Lists - FamilySearch Historical Records


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