Bowie County, Texas Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png TexasGotoarrow.png Counties B Gotoarrow.png Bowie County

Bowie County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Bowie County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded December 17, 1840
County Seat New Boston
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Quick Dates

Bowie County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903  1889    1850  1889  1889 

County Courthouse

Bowie County has had five county seats:  DeKalb, a temporary county seat 1840-1841; Boston 1841-1887, Texarkana 1887-1889; Old Boston, 1889-1985; and New Boston, 1895-present [1][2]

Bowie County Courthouse - Vital Records
P.O. Box 248
New Boston, TX 75570-0248
(903) 628-2571

Bowie County Clerk
P.O. Box 248
New Boston, TX 75570
(903) 628-6700

Bowie County Government Website
Includes addresses for each individual county department.


Parent County

1840--Bowie County was created 17 December 1840 from Red River County. County seat: New Boston [3]

The county was named for James Bowie, who died at the Alamo, (1796-1836). James Bowie was born near Terrapin Creek (now Spring Creek) where it crosses Bowie's Mill Road (Turnertown Road), nine miles northwest of Franklin, Logan County (now Simpson County), Kentucky, probably on April 10, 1796. He was the son of Reason (or Rezin) and Elve Ap-Catesby Jones (or Johns) Bowie.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1889--The Bowie County Courthouse at Texarkana burned on 21 Jan 1889.  Almost all the records were destroyed. [4][5]

1989--The Old Bowie County Courthouse at Old Boston, built in 1891, burned on 12 Aug 1989.  The courthouse was abandoned, as a new courthouse had opened at New Boston in 1985.  No records were lost. [6]


Populated Places

Towns and Cities: De Kalb | Hooks | Leary | Maud | Nash | New Boston | Red Lick | Red Water | Spring Hill | Texarkana | Wake Village | Wards Village.

The City of Texarkana is located in two states.  In the middle of the city is a street called State Line Road which separates the city between Bowie County, Texas and Miller County, Arkansas. Texarkana is the county seat for Miller County, Arkansas, and a marriage license purchased in Miller County, Arkansas is not valid in the State of Texas.

Neighboring Counties




  • 1850 Census for Bowie County census images from; index from USGenWeb archives.
  • 1860 Census for Bowie County census images from; index from USGenWeb archives. Another index
  • 1870 Census for Bowie County census images from; index from USGenWeb archives.
  • 1880 Census for Bowie County census images from; index from USGenWeb archives.
  • 1900 Census for Bowie County census images from
  • 1910 Census for Bowie County census images from  Bowie county split on two microfilm reels: reel 1, reel 2
  • 1920 Census for Bowie County census images from
  • 1930 Census for Bowie County census images from
Historical populations
Census Pop.
Est. 200993,9645.2%
U.S. Census Bureau[7] Texas Almanac[8]




Family Histories/Surnames

Local Histories

First Settlers of Bowie and Cass Counties Texas
By: Gifford White
Published June 1, 1983 by Ericson Books

Daughter of Destiny: Memoirs of a Bowie County, Texas Farm Girl
By: Carlene M. Howell
Published April 1995 by Tab Books

Bowie County, Tx Index to Probate Records; 1883 - 1940
97 Pages
Compiled by WPA Workers

Texarkana Pioneer Families
By: Nancy Jennings

The Texarkana Story 1873-1948
By: Lucille Holland

Texarkana a Pictorial History
By: William D Leet
Published - 1982

Bowie County Texas Historical Handbook
By: Bowie County Historical Commission
Published - 1976

Texarkana Centennial, Historical Program - 1873-1973
By: Nancy Jennings Watts & Mary Lou Stuart Phillips
Published - 1973

History of Texarkana and Bowie and Miller Counties.
By: Chandler, Barbara O. - 1939.





Index to Probate Cases 1883 to 1940  -  Bowie County TXGenWeb


Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Research Libraries for Bowie County TX   -  Bowie County TXGenWeb

Family History Centers

  • Texarkana USA Genealogy Society

P.O. Box 2323
Texarkana, TX 75504-2323

  • The New Boston Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 104
    New Boston, Texas, 75570. 
    The NBGS is located at the New Boston Public Library.
  • Red River County Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 516
    Clarksville, TX 75426

Web Sites


  1. Handbook of Texas Online: Bowie County
  2. Texas Escapes: Bowie County Courthouse
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. - Texarkana, TX Bowie County Courthouse Fire, Jan 1889
  5. Handbook of Texas Online: Bowie County
  6. Texas Escapes: Old Boston