Bowie County, Texas Genealogy

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County Courthouse

Bowie County has had five county seats:  DeKalb, a temporary county seat 1840-1841; Boston 1841-1887, Texarkana 1887-1889; Old Boston, 1889-1985; and New Boston, 1895-present [1][2]

Bowie County Courthouse - Vital Records
P.O. Box 248
New Boston, TX 75570-0248
(903) 628-2571

Bowie County Clerk
P.O. Box 248, New Boston, TX 75570
(903) 628-6700

Bowie County - Official County Website
Addresses for each individual county department are available
on this website.


Parent County

1840--Bowie County was created 17 December 1840 from Red River County. County seat: New Boston [3]

The county was named for James Bowie, who died at the Alamo, (1796-1836). James Bowie was born near Terrapin Creek (now Spring Creek) where it crosses Bowie's Mill Road (Turnertown Road), nine miles northwest of Franklin, Logan County (now Simpson County), Kentucky, probably on April 10, 1796. He was the son of Reason (or Rezin) and Elve Ap-Catesby Jones (or Johns) Bowie.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1889--The Bowie County Courthouse at Texarkana burned on 21 Jan 1889.  Almost all the records were destroyed. [4][5]

1989--The Old Bowie County Courthouse at Old Boston, built in 1891, burned on 12 Aug 1989.  The courthouse was abandoned, as a new courthouse had opened at New Boston in 1985.  No records were lost. [6]


Populated Places

Towns and Cities: De Kalb | Hooks | Leary | Maud | Nash | New Boston | Red Lick | Red Water | Spring Hill | Texarkana | Wake Village | Wards Village.

The City of Texarkana is located in two states.  In the middle of the city is a street called State Line Road which separates the city between Bowie County, Texas and Miller County, Arkansas. Texarkana is the county seat for Miller County, Arkansas, and a marriage license purchased in Miller County, Arkansas is not valid in the State of Texas.

Neighboring Counties



  • Bowie County TXGenWeb Cemetery Index
  • USGenWeb Bowie County Tombstone Transcription Project
  • Bowie County TXGenWeb Funeral Home Records
  • Red Bayou Cemetery and History Bowie County Texas, 1998, available from the New Boston Genealogical Society.
  • Hubbell Chapel Cemetery, 2001, available by the New Boston Genealogical Society.
  • Cemetery Books, available from the New Boston Genealogical Society, include: Ringwood Cemetery & Associated Cemeteries; Wards Creek Cemetery, Church & School Records; Woodman Cemetery (DeKalb); Sand Hill Cemetery; Old Union Cemetery; Read Hill Cemetery and Associated Cemeteries (Brooks, Glass Hill, Godley, Prairie & Shipp); Red Bayou Cemetery; College Hill Cemetery; New Boston Cemetery, Hughes-Kinght, Magnolia and Pulaski Cemeteries; Old Salem, Old Liberty Hill, New Liberty Hill, Malta, Woodstock and Old Wimberly Cemeteries.


Churches in Bowie TX  -

Churches in Texarkana TX

Texarkana TX Churches


Historical Population[7]  
Year Pop Increase
1800 1249
1810 1712 37.07%
1820 1901 11.04%
1830 2032 6.89%

  1. Handbook of Texas Online: Bowie County
  2. Texas Escapes: Bowie County Courthouse
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. - Texarkana, TX Bowie County Courthouse Fire, Jan 1889
  5. Handbook of Texas Online: Bowie County
  6. Texas Escapes: Old Boston
  7. Richard L. Forstall, Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1996).