Botetourt County, Virginia Genealogy

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Botetourt County, Virginia
Boundary map of Botetourt County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Botetourt County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1769
County Seat Fincastle
United States  go to  Virginia  go to  Botetourt County 

Southwest Virginia county in the Shenandoah Valley region.

County Courthouse


Botetourt County, Virginia
Box 219
Fincastle, Virginia 24090

  • Clerk Circuit Court has birth, and death records 1853-1870
  • Marriage, divorce, Probate, Land, Court, and Cemetery Records from 1770[1]
Beginning Dates for Botetourt County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate


Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron de Botetourt (c1717-1770)

The county was named after Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron de Botetourt (c1717-1770). Berkeley, formerly a Member of British Parliament, served as Virginia's Royal Governor at the time of Botetourt County's organization.

Parent County

7 November 1769: Botetourt County was created from Augusta County.
County seat: Fincastle [1]

Boundary Changes

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890 


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Botetourt County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1961):131-134. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

African American

  • Boyd-Rush, Dorothy A. Free Negroes Registered in the Clerk's Office, Botetourt County, Virginia, 1802-1836. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1993. FHL Collection


For a more detailed list, including addresses and external links, see Botetourt County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Botetourt County: [4]

  • Anderson Cemetery
  • Blue Ridge Cemetery
  • Booze Cemetery
  • Boyer Cemetery
  • Bryant Cemetery
  • Churchill Cemetery
  • Crawford Cemetery
  • Deisher Cemetery
  • Fairview Cemetery
  • Greenfield Cemetery
  • Haden Cemetery
  • Houseman Cemetery
  • King Memorial Cemetery
  • Laymantown Cemetery
  • Linkenhoker Cemetery
  • Mays Cemetery
  • McKalester Cemetery
  • Mount Olivet Cemetery
  • Old Dominion Memorial Gardens
  • Peck Cemetery
  • Peery Cemetery
  • Piney Grove Cemetery
  • Pleasant Chapel Cemetery
  • Ponton Cemetery
  • Riley Cemetery
  • Roanoke Cemetery
  • Robinson Cemetery
  • Rudisill Cemetery
  • Saint Clair Cemetery
  • Shafer Cemetery
  • Simmons Cemetery
  • Smith Cemetery
  • Thompson Cemeteries
  • Tucker Cemetery
  • Watson Cemetery
  • Wesley Chapel Cemetery


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 10,524
1800 10,427 −0.9%
1810 13,301 27.6%
1820 13,589 2.2%
1830 16,354 20.3%
1840 11,679 −28.6%
1850 14,908 27.6%
1860 11,516 −22.8%
1870 11,329 −1.6%
1880 14,809 30.7%
1890 14,854 0.3%
1900 17,161 15.5%
1910 17,727 3.3%
1920 16,557 −6.6%
1930 15,457 −6.6%
1940 16,447 6.4%
1950 15,766 −4.1%
1960 16,715 6.0%
1970 18,193 8.8%
1980 23,270 27.9%
1990 24,992 7.4%
2000 30,496 22.0%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.


  • Burton, Charles T. Botetourt County, Va., 1785 Enumeration. Troutville, Va.: Burton?, 1972. FHL Collection ▲ digital version Ancestry ($).


Lost, only statistics survive. 


Lost, only statistics survive. 


  • 1810 Census of Botetourt County, Virginia. Beverly, W. Va.: Crickard, 1968?. Available at FHL Collection; ▲ digital version Ancestry ($).

1890 Union Veterans

Church History and Records

Church of England

go to See also Botetourt Parish

Court Records

Several of the original order books (which begin in 1770) do not contain handwritten prosecutors' indexes. Some of the entries were abstracted in Annals of Southwest Virginia, which serves as a partial index, see:

  • Summers, Lewis Preston et al. Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800. 2 vols. Abingdon, Va.: L.P. Summers, 1929. Reprint: FHL Book 975.5 H2sL 1992


More than 30 genealogies have been published about Botetourt County families. To view a list, visit Botetourt County, Virginia Genealogy.


During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 5 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Fincastle and Bottetout County [sic].[3]


Grants and Patents

  • Hudgins. 362 Botetourt County, Virginia Patents 1740-1803 (Partially Placed on a Map). DeedMapper, 2004. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Nugent, Nell M. Commonwealth's (Land) Grants or Patents, Botetourt County, Va., 1770-1802. n.d. Available at FHL.
  • Sims, Edgar Barr. Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia. [Springfield, Virginia]: Genealogical Books in Print, c1992. Available at FHL. [Includes Botetourt County, Virginia.]


  • Creekmore, Pollyanna. "Botetourt County, Virginia, First Surveys," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1964):3-13. Available at American Ancestors ($).

Local Histories

  • Burton, Charles T. Botetourt County, Virginia, Early Settlers: From the Earliest Times through 1795, in the Area that was Botetourt County in 1782, Covers Parts of Present-day Counties of Montgomery, Bath, Giles, Floyd, Alleghany, Roanoke, Craig and Monroe. Troutville, Virginia: 1979?. Available at FHL.
  • Prillaman, Helen R. Places Near the Mountains: From the Community of Amsterdam, Virginia Up the Road to Catawba, on the Waters of the Catawba and Tinker Creeks, along the Carolina Road as it Aproached Big Lick and Other Areas, Primarily North Roanoke [Botetourt and Roanoke Counties, Virginia]. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). Alternative title: Places Near the Mountains [Botetourt and Roanoke Counties, Virginia].


  • Hildebrand, John R., F.B. Kegley, and Roanoke Valley Historical Society. Historical Map of the Roanoke Historical Society Showing Botetourt County, Virginia, 1770-1820. 1965. Available at FHL. [Includes historical notes and list of prominent men.][5]


French and Indian War

  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Botetourt County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]

Dunmore's War

  • Augusta, Bedford, Botetourt, Culpeper and Fincastle Payrolls and Public Service Claims, 1775: Also Known as Dunmore's War: Enlarged and Photocopied. Fort Wayne, Indiana: Allen County Public Library, 2004. Available at FHL.
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Botetourt County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]

Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Botetourt County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Botetourt County supplied soldiers for the:

- 7th Virginia Regiment
- 12th Virginia Regiment (5th and 10th Companies)[6]

Additional resources:

Botetourt residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[7]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Bottetourt County on pages 133-134.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  • Worrell, Anne Lowry. Early Marriages, Wills, and Some Revolutionary War Records: Botetourt County, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1976 (Originally published: Hillsville, Va.: A.L. Worrell, 1958. FHL Collection; digital version at World Vital Records ($)

War of 1812

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Botetourt County, p. 64.]

Civil War

Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865

Virginia,Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865    


Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929


Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007


  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Fincastle silversmiths.]
  • Stewart, William C. "Mercantile Adventures in Early Virginia, John Stewart, Tailor of Augusta and Botetourt Counties," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1967):3-11; Vol. 11, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1967):61-66. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).


Watauga Association of Genealogists Bulletin

Genealogical articles with abstracts of Botetourt County, Virginia records have been published in the Watauga Association of Genealogists Bulletin (39+ vols., 1972-present), the journal of the Watauga Association of Genealogists. The organization has posted tables of contents for most volumes on their website. Back issues are available for purchase. The Family History Library has a complete collection FHL US/CAN Books 976.897 B2w, including Margaret W. Hougland and Betty Jane Hylton's Bulletin Subject Index: The First Thirty Years, 1972-2001 (Johnson City, Tenn.: Watauga Association of Genealogists, 2002) FHL US/CAN Book 976.897 B2w index 1972-2001.


A free index to Botetourt County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (1770-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.


  • Worrell, Anne Lowry. Early Marriages, Wills, and Some Revolutionary War Records: Botetourt County, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1976 (Originally published: Hillsville, Va.: A.L. Worrell, 1958. Available at FHL. Digital version available at World Vital Records ($)


How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1770-1789] Botetourt County, Virginia Lists of Tithables, 1770-1789. Original records, Botetourt County Courthouse, Fincastle, Virginia; also available on microfilm at FHL.
  • [1770-1777] Burton, Charles T. Botetourt County, Virginia, Its Men, 1770-1777. Troutville, Virginia: C.T. Burton, [197-?]. Available at FHL. [Contains names of tithable men in Botetourt Co., 1770-1777. Includes delinquent lists.]
  • [1770-1771] Creekmore, Pollyanna. "Botetourt County, Virginia, Tithables, 1770-1771," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1966):51-56; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1966):109-122. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [1770-1773] Kegley, Mary B. New River Tithables, 1770-1773. Wytheville, Virginia: M.B. Kegley, 1972. Available at FHL.
  • [1782] Tithables, 1782, Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Summer 1995). Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [1782] Land Tax List, 1782, Watauga Association of Genealogists Bulletin, Vol. 3, Nos. 1-2 (1974).
  • [Pre-1783] County Delinquents List, Pre-Revoluntionary War Period, Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Aug. 2003). Available at FHL.
  • [1783-1822] Heinegg, Paul. "Botetourt County Personal Property Tax List 1783-1822," Free African, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1784] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Available at FHL. [1784 personal property tax list of Botetourt County.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Botetourt County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1789] Indexed images of the 1789 Personal Property Tax List of Botetourt County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1799] Images of the 1799 Personal Property Tax List of Botetourt County, Virginia are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Botetourt County, Virginia 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1965):105-110; Vol. 9, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1965):154-158; Vol. 10, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1966):11-17. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Botetourt County is included in Vol. 5.]
  • [1852] Taxable Property of Botetourt, 1852, Roanoke Historical Society Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Winter 1969).

Vital Records

Indexes to Botetourt County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


  • Fridley, Beth, comp. Botetourt County, Virginia Births, 1885-96 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Available at Ancestry ($).


  • Worrell, Anne Lowry. Early Marriages, Wills, and Some Revolutionary War Records: Botetourt County, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1976 (Originally published: Hillsville, Va.: A.L. Worrell, 1958. Available at FHL. Digital version available at World Vital Records ($)

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Botetourt County Historical Society
1 West Main Street
P O Box 468
Fincastle, Virginia 24090

Family History Centers


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  1. 1.0 1.1 WorldCat 50140092 FHL CollectionHandybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)
  2. A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census] (1841), 133-134. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 325. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  4. USGS Map,
  5. Family History Library Catalog, FamilySearch,
  6. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 67-68. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  7. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 24-25. Digitized by Internet Archive.
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