Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana)

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Montana Gotoarrow.png Indians of Montana Gotoarrow.png Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana)

The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is located in northwestern Montana, on the Canadian border, just east of Glacier National Park and west of Cut Bank, Montana.

Established -- 17 October 1855 (by Treaty), modified by later treaties, executive ordersm and agreements. [1]
Agency (BIA) -- Blackfeet Agency located at Browning.
Principal tribes -- Blackfeet (Siksika), Blood (Kainah), Piegan
Population --


The Blackfeet Indian Reservation was established by Treaty of Oct. 17, 1855 and modified by unratified treaties of July 18, 1866, and July 13 and 15 and Sept. 1, 1868 and by Executive orders, July 5, 1873, and Aug. 19,1874. It was further modified by an act of Apr. 15, 1874 and by Executive orders, Apr.13, 1875, and .July 13, 1850; an agreement made Feb. 11, 1887, approved by Congress, May 1, 1888; an agreement made Sept. 26, 1895, approved by act of June 10, 1896; and an act of Feb. 27.1906, confirming grant of 356.11 acres, and 120 acres of unsurveyed land.

In 1908, it consisted of 959,644 Acres.



  1. "Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.


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Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. Available online.

Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142j.  Available online.

Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.

Prucha, Francis Paul. American Indian Policy in Crisis: Christian Reformers and the Indian, 1865-1900. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, c1976. WorldCat 2547338; FHL book 970.1 P95a.

Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 WorldCat 257331735; FHL book 970.1 P95aa

Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. 3rd Edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, 2000. WorldCat 50416280; FHL book 970.1 P95d.

Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.

Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972. FHL 973 B4b v. 48. WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.

Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .FHL book 970.1 H191h.

Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. WorldCat 35209517; FHL book 970.1 T463a.

United States Department of Commerce, Economic Development Administration. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office], 1971. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe 1971.

United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.

United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.

United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. Available online

Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. FHL 970.1 W146a 2009. ISBN 9780816068593. WorldCat 244771132; FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009.

Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. FHL 970.1 W146e 2006. ISBN 0816062730. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.