Difference between revisions of "Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana)"

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[[Image:275px-Blackfeet Indian Reservation.jpg|thumb|right|275px-Blackfeet Indian Reservation.jpg]]{{inmt}}  
  
The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is located in northwestern Montana, on the Canadian border, just east of Glacier National Park and west of Cut Bank, Montana.  
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The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is located in northwestern Montana, on the Canadian border, just east of Glacier National Park and west of Cut Bank, Montana, primarily in [[Glacier County, Montana|Glacier County]], with a small portion in [[Pondera County, Montana|Pondera County]].  
  
:Established -- 17 October 1855 (by Treaty), modified by later treaties, executive ordersm and agreements. <ref>"Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/reservations/montanarez.htm Available online.]</ref>
+
:Established -- 17 October 1855 (by Treaty), modified by later treaties, executive orders, and agreements. <ref>"Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/reservations/montanarez.htm Available online.]</ref>  
:Agency (BIA) -- [[Blackfeet Indian Agency (Montana)|Blackfeet Agency]] located at Browning.
+
:Agency (BIA) -- [[Blackfeet Indian Agency (Montana)|Blackfeet Agency]] located at Browning.  
:Principal tribes -- Blackfeet (Siksika), Blood (Kainah), Piegan  
+
:Principal tribes -- [[Blackfeet Indians|Blackfeet]] (Siksika), [[Blood Indians|Blood]] (Kainah), [[Piegan Indians|Piegan]]
:Population --  
+
:Population -- 1,734 (2000 census)<ref>Census 2000 Tribal Entity Counts for American Indian Reservations and Off-Reservation Trust Lands. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tallies/tallyair.html Available online]. {Note: This census figure only accounts for tribal members living on the reservation or trust lands. Other enrolled tribal members may live off-reservation.)</ref>&nbsp;&nbsp; 1969: Tribal [[American Indian Enrollment Records|enrollment]]: 10,467 <ref>Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 </ref>
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
  
The Blackfeet Indian Reservation was established by Treaty of Oct. 17, 1855 and modified by unratified treaties of July 18, 1866, and July 13 and 15 and Sept. 1, 1868 and by Executive orders, July 5, 1873, and Aug. 19,1874. It was further modified by an act of Apr. 15, 1874 and by Executive orders, Apr.13, 1875, and .July 13, 1850; an agreement made Feb. 11, 1887, approved by Congress, May 1, 1888; an agreement made Sept. 26, 1895, approved by act of June 10, 1896; and an act of Feb. 27.1906, confirming grant of 356.11 acres, and 120 acres of unsurveyed land.  
+
The Blackfeet Indian Reservation was established by Treaty of Oct. 17, 1855 and modified by unratified treaties of July 18, 1866, and July 13 and 15 and Sept. 1, 1868 and by Executive orders, July 5, 1873, and Aug. 19,1874. It was further modified by an act of Apr. 15, 1874 and by Executive orders, Apr.13, 1875, and .July 13, 1850; an agreement made Feb. 11, 1887, approved by Congress, May 1, 1888. An agreement made Sept. 26, 1895, approved by act of June 10, 1896; and an act of Feb. 27.1906, confirmed and additional grant of 356.11 acres, and 120 acres of unsurveyed land.  
 +
 
 +
In 1908, the total size of the reservation included 959,644 Acres<ref>"Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/reservations/montanarez.htm Available online.]</ref>. In 2010, the reservation includes 1,462,640 acres.<br>
  
 
== Records  ==
 
== Records  ==
 +
 +
Many of the records of individual Indians living on the Blackfeet Reservation were kept by the [[Blackfeet Indian Agency (Montana)|Blackfeet Agency]] of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Others are kept by the Tribal Office.
 +
 +
Land Records: [[American_Indian_Allotment_Records|Allotted Land]] 775,412.52 acres
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />  
+
<references />
  
 
==== Bibliography  ====
 
==== Bibliography  ====
  
Confederation of American Indians. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland &amp; Co., c1986.  
+
*Confederation of American Indians. ''Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook''. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland &amp; Co., c1986. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14098308&referer=brief_results WorldCat 14098308]; {{FHL|671299|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 In2}}.  
 
+
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
+
*Kappler, Charles J. ''Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties''. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/74490963&referer=brief_results WorldCat 74490963]; {{FHL|53745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 K142i}}.&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/index.htm Available online].  
 
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.  
Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 6 volumes.  
+
*Prucha, Francis Paul. ''Atlas of American Indian Affairs''. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/257331735?referer=list_view WorldCat 257331735]; {{FHL|563984|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 P95aa}}
 
+
*Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. ''Documents of United States Indian Policy''. 3rd Edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, 2000. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19971852?referer=list_view WorldCat 50416280]; {{FHL|1427629|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 P95d}}.  
Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, c2003. 10th ed.  
+
*Prucha, Francis Paul. ''Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895''. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/522839?referer=list_view WorldCat 522839]; {{FHL|112866|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 M2pf}}.  
 
+
*Schmeckebier, Laurance F. ''The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization''. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972.&nbsp; [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/257893?referer=list_view WorldCat 257893]; {{FHL|121071|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 B4b v. 48}}.
Prucha, Francis Paul. American Indian Policy in Crisis: Christian Reformers and the Indian, 1865-1900. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, c1976. FHL book 970.1 P95a.  
+
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
 
 
Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, c1990. ISBN#0803236891; FHL book 970.1 P95aa<br>
 
 
 
Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, c2000. ISBN#0803287623; FHL book 970.1 P95d.  
 
 
 
Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. FHL book 973 M2pf.  
 
 
 
Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972. FHL 973 B4b v. 48  
 
 
 
Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .  
 
 
 
Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996.
 
 
 
United States Department of Commerce, Economic Development Administration. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office], 1971.
 
 
 
United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.
 
 
 
United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922.
 
 
 
United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0778676.html
 
  
Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. FHL 970.1 W146a 2009. [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=9780816068593|ISBN 9780816068593]]  
+
::Volume 1 -- Not yet published
 +
::Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 +
::Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
 +
::Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
 +
::Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.
 +
::Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 +
::Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 +
::Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.<br>
 +
::Volume 16 -- Not yet published
 +
::Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
 +
::Volume 18 -- Not yet published
 +
::Volume 19 -- Not yet published
 +
::Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  
Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, c2006. 3rd ed. FHL 970.1 W146e 2006. [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=0816062730|ISBN 0816062730]]
+
*Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. ''American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas''. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/35209517?referer=list_view WorldCat 35209517]; {{FHL|1495765|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 T463a}}.
 +
*United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. ''Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas''. 1974. {{FHL|152709|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974}}.
 +
*United States Department of the Interior. ''Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations''. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. {{FHL|1024754|title-id|disp=FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9}}.<br>
 +
*''United States Federal and State Indian Reservations'', Map. [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0778676.html Available online].<br>
 +
*Waldman, Carl. ''Atlas of the North American Indian''. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/244771132?referer=list_view WorldCat 244771132]; {{FHL|1469170|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009}}.
 +
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
  
[[Category:American_Indian_Reservations]]
+
[[Category:American_Indian_Reservations]] [[Category:Montana_Indian_Reservations]]

Revision as of 19:23, 13 November 2012

275px-Blackfeet Indian Reservation.jpg
United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Montana Gotoarrow.png Indians of Montana Gotoarrow.png Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana)

The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is located in northwestern Montana, on the Canadian border, just east of Glacier National Park and west of Cut Bank, Montana, primarily in Glacier County, with a small portion in Pondera County.

Established -- 17 October 1855 (by Treaty), modified by later treaties, executive orders, and agreements. [1]
Agency (BIA) -- Blackfeet Agency located at Browning.
Principal tribes -- Blackfeet (Siksika), Blood (Kainah), Piegan
Population -- 1,734 (2000 census)[2]   1969: Tribal enrollment: 10,467 [3]

History

The Blackfeet Indian Reservation was established by Treaty of Oct. 17, 1855 and modified by unratified treaties of July 18, 1866, and July 13 and 15 and Sept. 1, 1868 and by Executive orders, July 5, 1873, and Aug. 19,1874. It was further modified by an act of Apr. 15, 1874 and by Executive orders, Apr.13, 1875, and .July 13, 1850; an agreement made Feb. 11, 1887, approved by Congress, May 1, 1888. An agreement made Sept. 26, 1895, approved by act of June 10, 1896; and an act of Feb. 27.1906, confirmed and additional grant of 356.11 acres, and 120 acres of unsurveyed land.

In 1908, the total size of the reservation included 959,644 Acres[4]. In 2010, the reservation includes 1,462,640 acres.

Records

Many of the records of individual Indians living on the Blackfeet Reservation were kept by the Blackfeet Agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Others are kept by the Tribal Office.

Land Records: Allotted Land 775,412.52 acres

References

  1. "Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.
  2. Census 2000 Tribal Entity Counts for American Indian Reservations and Off-Reservation Trust Lands. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Available online. {Note: This census figure only accounts for tribal members living on the reservation or trust lands. Other enrolled tribal members may live off-reservation.)
  3. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2
  4. "Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.

Bibliography

  • Confederation of American Indians. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland & Co., c1986. WorldCat 14098308; FHL book 970.1 In2.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. Available online.
  • Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142iAvailable online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 WorldCat 257331735; FHL book 970.1 P95aa
  • Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. 3rd Edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, 2000. WorldCat 50416280; FHL book 970.1 P95d.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.
  • Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972.  WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. WorldCat 35209517; FHL book 970.1 T463a.
  • United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.
  • United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.
  • United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. WorldCat 244771132; FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.