Bexar County, Texas Genealogy

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United States  > Texas  > Counties B > Bexar County

County Courthouse

Bexar County
County Clerk
Gerry Rickhoff
100 Dolorosa Suite 104
San Antonio 78205
Phone: 210-335-2216

District Clerk
Margaret G. Montemayor
100 Dolorosa
San Antonio 78205
Phone: 210-335-2113Texas Dept of State Health Services maintains a current county clerks list 


The villa of San Fernando de Bexar was the first municipality in the Spanish province of Texas in 1731. In 1772 the seat of the government of Spanish Texas moved to Bexar. The original county was divided into 128 additional counties.

Parent County

1836--Bexar County was created on 17 March 1836 from Old Mexican Municipality. County seat: San Antonio [1]

From the Texas Handbook: The first Europeans to explore the region came with an expedition in 1691 led by Domingo Terán de los Ríos and Fray Damián Massanet,qqv who evidently reached the San Antonio River near where San Juan Capistrano Mission was later founded. Nearby they found a group of Payayas living on the riverbank. The Indians, as Massanet recorded in his diary, called the place Yanaguana; he, however, renamed the site San Antonio de Padua to celebrate the memorial day of St. Anthony, June 13. The next group of Spanish explorers, an expedition led by two Franciscans,qv fathers Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares and Isidro Félix de Espinosa, and a military officer, Pedro de Aguirre,qqv did not reach the area until April 1709. Much impressed by the setting and the availability of water, they noted that the area might make a promising site for future settlement. In 1714 Louis Juchereau de St. Denisqv crossed the region on his way to San Juan Bautista.qv Espinosa again visited the site in 1716 on his way to East Texas with the expedition of Domingo Ramónqv and this time recommended San Pedro Springsqv as a mission site. Near that spot, in May 1718, Martín de Alarcónqv led the expedition that founded San Antonio de Valero Mission and San Antonio de Béxar (or Béjar) Presidio, named for Viceroy Balthasar Manuel de Zúñiga y Guzmán Sotomayor y Sarmiento, second son of the duke of Bexar.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Towns and Cities: Adkins | Alamo Heights | Balcones Heights | Bexar | Castle Hills | China Grove | Converse | Elmendorf | Fair Oaks Ranch | Fort Sam Houston | Helotes | Hill Country Village | Hollywood Park | Kirby | Leon Valley | Live Oak | Losoya | Martinez | Olmos Park | Saint Hedwig | San Antonio | Selma | Shavano Park | Somerset | Southton | Terrell Hills | Universal City | Von Ormy | Wetmore | Wincrest

Neighboring Counties






Local Histories

Buckelew The Indian Captive, autobiograpy of Frank Buckelew, Mason Herald Press, S.E. Banta eyewitness' series pub 1911. You can get copy interlibrary loan thru World Catalog

Post Civil War 13-year-old's eyewitness account of  Bexar.  It is a whirlwind of guerilla strikes between the main language groups of English, Dutchman [German], Lipan [Eastern Apache], and Kickapoos.  Someone will mistake a stranger for a member of an enemy group, kill them, and everyone is dragged into it.  Geography is by location along rivers not proximity to settlements.


Texas Counties Map. Click on the county to go to the Texas Genweb site





Vital Records

  • Texas Death Index 1964 to 1998 [no images] Name index to Texas Statewide Death Certificates or four million people who have died since 1964.
  • Texas Death Records 1890 – 1976 [with images]
    Name index and images of statewide death certificates, 1890-1976. The name index has been created by FamilySearch and is tied to images of the Texas death certificates. Few certificates are available prior to 1903
  •  1966-2005 Marriage and Divorce Indexes  can be downloaded by year in ZIP file format.  This is for the entire state.  It is zip only because of size - 3-5 megs zipped of 140,000 to 166,000 records a year.  The State doesn't have records BEFORE 1966. 
  • Birth certificates less than 75-years-old  are in Protected Status.  Copies are $22 from the Texas Vital Statistics if you meet the rules.  Go to

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).