Difference between revisions of "Beginning War of 1812 Research"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[War of 1812, 1812 to 1815|War of 1812]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Beginning US War of 1812 Research''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States in the War of 1812|War of 1812]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Beginning US War of 1812 Research''  
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[[Image:War of 1812 northern map.png|thumb|center|400px|War of 1812 northern map.png]] <br>
  
 
'''Steps'''  
 
'''Steps'''  
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Many records are available to help you find information about your War of 1812 ancestor. The following are good steps to start:  
 
Many records are available to help you find information about your War of 1812 ancestor. The following are good steps to start:  
  
==== Step 1. Identify an ancestor who may have served in the War of 1812 ====
+
==== Step 1. Identify an ancestor who may have served in the War of 1812 ====
  
 
Look at your ancestors' information to determine which match the following criteria:  
 
Look at your ancestors' information to determine which match the following criteria:  
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:- '''Ages:''' Most soldiers and sailors were men between the ages of 18 and 30, so they would have been born between 1782 and 1796. Some were as young as 10 or as old as 70, which widens the birth years to between 1742 and 1804.<br><br>
 
:- '''Ages:''' Most soldiers and sailors were men between the ages of 18 and 30, so they would have been born between 1782 and 1796. Some were as young as 10 or as old as 70, which widens the birth years to between 1742 and 1804.<br><br>
  
:- '''Location:''' Soldiers came from all the states in existence at that time.<br><br>
+
:- '''Location: '''Most soldiers and sailors were men from Britain, Canada, or the United States.
 +
 
 +
:'''Canada''' - Most soldiers came from Ontario.
 +
 
 +
'''Great Britain '''- Most soldiers were regular troops, so they could have come from anywhere in the British Isles, though the majority were from England.
 +
 
 +
'''United States''' - Soldiers came from all the states in existence at that time.  
  
 
::'''(18 states and 5 territories and District of Columbia)'''  
 
::'''(18 states and 5 territories and District of Columbia)'''  
 
:::'''States'''= Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts (including Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia<br>  
 
:::'''States'''= Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts (including Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia<br>  
:::'''Territories'''= Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, <br><br>
+
:::'''Territories'''= Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri.
  
==== Step 2. Identify the state where your ancestor lived around 1810 ====
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==== Step 2. Identify the location where your ancestor lived around 1812 ====
  
 
If you do not know where your ancestor lived at the start of the war, check the following:  
 
If you do not know where your ancestor lived at the start of the war, check the following:  
 +
 +
===== Canada  =====
 +
 +
===== Great Britain  =====
 +
 +
===== United States  =====
  
 
*The [[United States Census 1810|1810 federal census]] for the soldier or his family. The following have digital versions of the 1810 census:
 
*The [[United States Census 1810|1810 federal census]] for the soldier or his family. The following have digital versions of the 1810 census:
  
:- FamilySearch (free)
+
:- FamilySearch (Free) [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1803765 United States Census, 1810]<br>
:- Ancestry ($)  
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:- [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($) 1810 United States Federal Census
:- Heritage Quest ($)
+
:- Heritage Quest ($) [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic Census]<br>
 +
 
 +
*The 1820 federal census for the soldier or his family.&nbsp; The following have digital versions of the 1820 census:
 +
 
 +
:- Family Search (Free) [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1803955 United States Federal 1820 Census]
 +
:- [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($) 1820 United States Federal Census
 +
:- Heritage Quest ($) [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/search/basic Census]<br>
  
 
==== Step 3. Find your soldier's regiment and company  ====
 
==== Step 3. Find your soldier's regiment and company  ====
  
Your soldier's regiment and company are often needed to find his records and to recognize him in the records. Some ways to find his regiment and company are:
+
Your soldier's regiment and company are often needed to find his records and to recognize him in the records. <br>
 +
 
 +
===== Canada  =====
  
 +
===== Great Britain  =====
  
==== Step 4. Check the Wiki article for your ancestor's state ====
+
===== United States =====
  
 +
*NARA, War of 1812 Discharge Certificates
  
 +
:-Appendix II: [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/commanders.html List of Company/Detachment Commanders] gives name, rank, and regiment.
 +
:-Appendix III: [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/soldiers-by-name.html List of Soldiers by Name ]gives name, year, regiment, and company.
 +
:These do not list every commander or soldier, but it is a great place to check.<br>
  
+
*FamilySearch. [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1916219 United States, War of 1812 Index to Service Records, 1812-1815]. This is a browsable name index to compiled military service records of volunteer soldiers who served in the War of 1812. The files are located in the National Archives in Washington D.C. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917 and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M602.<br>
  
==== Step 5. Internet Databases  ====
+
*FamilySearch. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1834325 United States, War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910] Name index and images of the jacket-envelope that contains the pension application files located in the National Archives. The envelope will provide soldier name and military service information as well as widow name and pension and bounty land numbers. This collection is part of Record Group 15 Records of the Veterans Administration and is National Archives Microfilm publication M313.
  
Many Internet sites have information about the War of 1812 and those who fought. <br>
+
==== Step 4. Check the sources on the Wiki article for your ancestor's country or state  ====
 +
 
 +
The article will list books and web sites that may have information about your ancestor.  
 +
 
 +
===== Canada  =====
  
*Ancestry ($) has many records, both published and manuscript, about the War of 1812.  <br>
+
:- [[Canada_in_the_War_of_1812|Canada in the War of 1812]]
  
*Fold3 ($) is digitizing many of the War of 1812 records at NARA. <br>
+
===== Great Britain  =====
  
*FamilySearch Historical Record Collections is digitizing War of 1812 records.
+
:- [[Great Britain in the War of 1812|Great Britain in the War of 1812]]<br>
  
==== Step 6. Check sources listed on the following Wiki pages ====
+
===== United States =====
  
:- United States<br>describes records and resources on the national level.
+
:- [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]] describes records and resources on the national level.
  
 
:- '''[state] in the War of 1812''' describes state records and resources. See the list below for links to the state pages.<br>
 
:- '''[state] in the War of 1812''' describes state records and resources. See the list below for links to the state pages.<br>
  
 
:- The county page for the county where a company recruited men describes county records and resources. This is a good way to find records about an ancestor and his family. <br>
 
:- The county page for the county where a company recruited men describes county records and resources. This is a good way to find records about an ancestor and his family. <br>
 +
 +
See below for links to the U.S. state Wiki articles.
 +
 +
==== Step 5. Use Internet Databases  ====
 +
 +
Many Internet sites have information about the War of 1812 and those who fought. <br>
 +
 +
*Ancestry ($) has many records, both published and manuscript, about the War of 1812. <br>
 +
 +
*Fold3 ($) is digitizing many of the War of 1812 records at NARA. <br>
 +
 +
*FamilySearch Historical Record Collections is digitizing War of 1812 records.
  
 
==== Decide what else you want to find.  ====
 
==== Decide what else you want to find.  ====
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The chart, [[US Military Record Selection Table|US Military Record Selection Table]], shows which type of record has the various types of information you may want to find.  
 
The chart, [[US Military Record Selection Table|US Military Record Selection Table]], shows which type of record has the various types of information you may want to find.  
  
=== States and Regiments in the Civil War  ===
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=== U.S. Troops in the War of 1812 ===
  
==== State Civil War Records ====
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==== State Troops ====
  
 
Many additional records have been created either by the state or about the state. Click the state of interest below to see explanations of these records and for links to pages about the each of the state's military units.  
 
Many additional records have been created either by the state or about the state. Click the state of interest below to see explanations of these records and for links to pages about the each of the state's military units.  
  
{{State Civil War Records}}  
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{{State War of 1812 Records}}  
 +
 
 +
==== &nbsp;Additional States with War of 1812 Records  ====
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 +
{| width="603" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| valign="top" align="left" |
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*[[Image:Alabama flag.png|border|22x15px|Alabama flag.png]] [[Alabama Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Alabama]]
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*[[Image:Arkansas flag.png|border|22x15px|Arkansas flag.png]] [[Arkansas Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Arkansas]]
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*[[Image:Florida flag.png|border|22x15px|Florida flag.png]] [[Florida Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Florida]]
  
==== Union Regular Troops  ====
+
| valign="top" align="left" |
 +
*[[Image:Iowa flag.png|border|22x15px|Iowa flag.png]] [[Iowa Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Iowa]]
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*[[Image:Maine flag.png|border|22x15px|Maine flag.png]] [[Maine Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Maine]]
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*[[Image:Minnesota flag.png|border|22x14px|Minnesota flag.png]] [[Minnesota Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Minnesota]]
 +
*[[Image:Nebraska flag.png|border|22x13px|Nebraska flag.png]] [[Nebraska Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Nebraska]]
 +
 
 +
| valign="top" align="left" |
 +
*[[Image:Texas flag.png|border|22x15px|Texas flag.png]] [[Texas Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Texas]]
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*[[Image:West Virginia flag.png|border|22x12px|West Virginia flag.png]] [[West Virginia Military Records#Additional_Military_Records|West Virginia]]
 +
*[[Image:Wisconsin flag.png|border|22x15px|Wisconsin flag.png]] [[Wisconsin Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812.E2.80.931815.29|Wisconsin]]
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Regular Troops  ====
  
 
These troops were supported solely by the federal government rather than partly by a state. The men came from many states, but the troops were not organized by state.  
 
These troops were supported solely by the federal government rather than partly by a state. The men came from many states, but the troops were not organized by state.  
  
[[Union Regular Army in the Civil War|Union Regular Army in the Civil War]]
+
<br>
 
 
[[Union Volunteers in the Civil War|Union Volunteers in the Civil War]]
 
  
[[Veteran Reserve Corps in the Civil War|Veteran Reserve Corps in the Civil War]]
+
==== Navy  ====
  
==== Union Navy  ====
+
<br>
  
[[Union Navy in the Civil War|Union Navy in the Civil War]]
+
=== Ethnic Groups  ===
  
==== Confederate Regular Troops ====
+
==== French Canadians ====
  
[[Confederate Regular Troops in the Civil War|Confederate Regular Troops in the Civil War]]  
+
*Mills, Sean.[http://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/hssh/article/view/4291/3489 French Canadians and the Beginning of the War of 1812: Revisiting the Lachine Riot] in ''Histoire sociale/Social History''
  
==== Confederate Navy ====
+
==== African ====
  
[[Confederate Navy in the Civil War|Confederate Navy in the Civil War]]<br>  
+
<br>  
  
==== Ethnic Groups ====
+
==== Native Americans and First Nations ====
  
*African Americans, see [[United States Colored Troops in the Civil War|United States Colored Troops in the Civil War]]
+
<br>
*[[American Indians in the Civil War|American Indians in the Civil War]]
 
*[[Hungarians in the Civil War|Hungarians in the Civil War]]
 
*[[Norwegians in the Civil War|Norwegians in the Civil War]]
 
*[http://www.kalmus.dk/civilwar/westzealanders1.htm Danes in the Civil War] A great article describing the contributions and stories of a few Danish men serving in the American Civil War.
 
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===

Revision as of 19:39, 25 July 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png War of 1812 Gotoarrow.png Beginning US War of 1812 Research

War of 1812 northern map.png

Steps

Many records are available to help you find information about your War of 1812 ancestor. The following are good steps to start:

Step 1. Identify an ancestor who may have served in the War of 1812

Look at your ancestors' information to determine which match the following criteria:

- Ages: Most soldiers and sailors were men between the ages of 18 and 30, so they would have been born between 1782 and 1796. Some were as young as 10 or as old as 70, which widens the birth years to between 1742 and 1804.

- Location: Most soldiers and sailors were men from Britain, Canada, or the United States.
Canada - Most soldiers came from Ontario.

Great Britain - Most soldiers were regular troops, so they could have come from anywhere in the British Isles, though the majority were from England.

United States - Soldiers came from all the states in existence at that time.

(18 states and 5 territories and District of Columbia)
States= Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts (including Maine), New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia
Territories= Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri.

Step 2. Identify the location where your ancestor lived around 1812

If you do not know where your ancestor lived at the start of the war, check the following:

Canada
Great Britain
United States
  • The 1810 federal census for the soldier or his family. The following have digital versions of the 1810 census:
- FamilySearch (Free) United States Census, 1810
- Ancestry ($) 1810 United States Federal Census
- Heritage Quest ($) Census
  • The 1820 federal census for the soldier or his family.  The following have digital versions of the 1820 census:
- Family Search (Free) United States Federal 1820 Census
- Ancestry ($) 1820 United States Federal Census
- Heritage Quest ($) Census

Step 3. Find your soldier's regiment and company

Your soldier's regiment and company are often needed to find his records and to recognize him in the records.

Canada
Great Britain
United States
  • NARA, War of 1812 Discharge Certificates
-Appendix II: List of Company/Detachment Commanders gives name, rank, and regiment.
-Appendix III: List of Soldiers by Name gives name, year, regiment, and company.
These do not list every commander or soldier, but it is a great place to check.
  • FamilySearch. United States, War of 1812 Index to Service Records, 1812-1815. This is a browsable name index to compiled military service records of volunteer soldiers who served in the War of 1812. The files are located in the National Archives in Washington D.C. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917 and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M602.
  • FamilySearch. United States, War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910 Name index and images of the jacket-envelope that contains the pension application files located in the National Archives. The envelope will provide soldier name and military service information as well as widow name and pension and bounty land numbers. This collection is part of Record Group 15 Records of the Veterans Administration and is National Archives Microfilm publication M313.

Step 4. Check the sources on the Wiki article for your ancestor's country or state

The article will list books and web sites that may have information about your ancestor.

Canada
- Canada in the War of 1812
Great Britain
- Great Britain in the War of 1812
United States
- United States in the War of 1812 describes records and resources on the national level.
- [state] in the War of 1812 describes state records and resources. See the list below for links to the state pages.
- The county page for the county where a company recruited men describes county records and resources. This is a good way to find records about an ancestor and his family.

See below for links to the U.S. state Wiki articles.

Step 5. Use Internet Databases

Many Internet sites have information about the War of 1812 and those who fought.

  • Ancestry ($) has many records, both published and manuscript, about the War of 1812.
  • Fold3 ($) is digitizing many of the War of 1812 records at NARA.
  • FamilySearch Historical Record Collections is digitizing War of 1812 records.

Decide what else you want to find.

Focus your research by deciding to find just one or two things, such as age, death date and place, pension record, or service record.

The chart, US Military Record Selection Table, shows which type of record has the various types of information you may want to find.

U.S. Troops in the War of 1812

State Troops

Many additional records have been created either by the state or about the state. Click the state of interest below to see explanations of these records and for links to pages about the each of the state's military units.

 Additional States with War of 1812 Records

Regular Troops

These troops were supported solely by the federal government rather than partly by a state. The men came from many states, but the troops were not organized by state.


Navy


Ethnic Groups

French Canadians

African


Native Americans and First Nations


References