Baltimore County, Maryland Genealogy
- This article is about a northern Maryland county. For the city, see Baltimore (Independent City), Maryland. For other uses, see Baltimore (disambiguation).
Guide to Baltimore County Maryland genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Baltimore County, Maryland|
Location in the state of Maryland
Location of Maryland in the U.S.
|Founded||June 30, 1659|
|Address|| Baltimore County Courthouse|
400 Washington Ave
Towson, MD 21204-4606
Baltimore County Website
- 1 [ Baltimore County Maryland Courthouse]
- 2 Baltimore County Maryland History
- 3 Baltimore County Maryland Places/Localities
- 4 Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy Resources
- 4.1 Bible Records
- 4.2 Cemeteries
- 4.3 Census
- 4.4 Church
- 4.5 Court
- 4.6 Directories
- 4.7 Family Histories
- 4.8 Gazetteers
- 4.9 Immigration
- 4.10 Land
- 4.11 Local Histories
- 4.12 Maps
- 4.13 Military
- 4.14 Naturalization
- 4.15 Newspapers
- 4.16 Probate
- 4.17 Research Guides
- 4.18 Taxation
- 4.19 Vital Records
- 5 Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy Societies and Libraries
- 6 Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy Websites
- 7 Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy References
[ Baltimore County Maryland Courthouse]
Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, court, and land records from 1851.
Register of Wills has probate records.
Baltimore County Maryland History
- Named for the barony of Lord Baltimore family in County Longford, Ireland. Specifically for Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (1605-1675), the 1st Proprietor Governor of Maryland.
- 1659--Baltimore County was created 30 June 1659 from Anne Arundel County. County seat: Towson.
- 12 January 1659, earliest known record of political action, when a writ was issued to its sheriff.
- 6 June 1674, a portion was set off to create Cecil County.
- 10 June 1748, a portion combined with portion from Prince George's county set off to create Frederick County.
- 17 December 1773, east part was split off to form Harford County.
- 1851, Baltimore City became independent of the county.
- 13 May 1851, southwest portion combined with a portion from Anne Arundel County was set off to form Howard County.
Baltimore County Maryland Places/Localities
Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy Resources
- Headstone transcriptions on line
Beth Tfiloh Cemetery, Woodlawn (see also Shaarei Tfilah Cemetery)
Eucharist Sulpician Cemetery (in the Charlestown complex)
The Govanstown Cemetery (Baltimore County) is now online as part of the Govans Presbyterian Church web site. To go directly to the PDF Listings click on: http://i.b5z.net/i/u/1627491/f/CemetaryByInterred.pdf (If that does not work go to www.govanspres.org and click on "cemetery listings")
Historic Old Salem Cemetery, Inc. Catonsville (see Salem Cemetery, Catonsville)
Interment.net Cemetery Listings for Baltimore County, MD. Includes contact information for many cemeteries in the county and volunteer contributed index lists for many of them.
Lorraine Park Cemetery and Mausoleum, Woodlawn
Melville Family Cemetery, Oella
Merryman Family Cemetery, Oella
files.usgwarchives.net/md/howard/cemeteries/multiple.txt includes partial listings from
- New Cathedral Cemetery-near Catonsville
4300 Old Frederick Road,Baltimore,MD 21229
- Oella Cemetery, Rest Ave., near Catonsville (AKA Union Manufacturing Works Cemetery)
Ogle-Hoffman Family Cemetery, Catonsville
Moreland Memorial Park, Parkville BillionGraves
Shaarei Tfilah Cemetery, Woodlawn (See also Beth Tfiloh Cemetery)
Thistle Cemetery (Oella)
Waugh United Methodist Church Cemetery, Glen Arm BillionGraves
Federal Census reports available 1790-1930 including slave and veterans schedules. For tips on accessing Baltimore County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.
Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions identifies all churches known to have existed in Baltimore County, Maryland. It covers all denominations and includes record descriptions. The following records from their collection have been digitized and made available to view for free online:
- Lutheran, Salem Lutheran Church, Various Church Records, 1848-1969 (in German and English)
- Protestant Episcopal, St. Thomas Church, Homestead, Register 1858-1895; Marriage Register 1956-1974 (includes history, families, baptisms, confirmations, marriages, communicants, burials, offerings, sundry contributions, reports, and vestry minutes)
- Protestant Episcopal, St. Thomas Church, Homestead, Register 1893-1962 (includes baptisms, confirmations, communicants, marriages, and burials)
Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):
- Chestnut Ridge (by 1742) Edwards published a membership list dated 1742 in Materials Towards a History of the Baptists... (1772), 3-4.
- Patapsco (by 1770)
- Winter Run (by 1747) Edwards published a membership list dated about 1747 in Materials Towards a History of the Baptists... (1772), 7.
Church of England
It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:
- Locate publications about direct ancestors
- Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
- Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]
- [Alter] Alter, Mary Louise. Alter Family of Baltimore, MD, City and County. Indianapolis, Ind.: M.L. Alter, 2001. FHL Book 929.273 AL79am.
- [Anderson] Russell, George Ely. "The Swedish Settlement in Maryland, 1654," The American Genealogist, Vol. 54, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):203-210. FHL 973 D25aga v. 54.
- [Banneker] Russell, George Ely. "Molly Welsh: Alleged Grandmother of Benjamin Banneker," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 94, No. 4 (December 2006):305-314. FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 94 (2006).
- [Booth] Hunter, Ann Wheat and Katherine Cullen King. The Family of William Booth (1798-1866) and Miranda Wright Booth (1802-1883) of Baltimore, Maryland and Richmond, Virginia, and Some of Their Descendants. Annandale, Va., 1996.
- [Brispo] Russell, George Ely. "Portuguese and Spanish Colonists in Seventeenth-Century Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 76, No. 1 (January 2001):50-60; Vol. 77, No. 1 (Apr. 2001):138-147. FHL 973 D25aga v. 76.
- [Chamberlain] Hylton, Betty Jane. "James Chamberlain," Bulletin of the Watauga Association of Genealogists, Vol. 39, No. 2 (2010):160-161.
- [Clements] Russell, George Ely. "The Swedish Settlement in Maryland, 1654," The American Genealogist, Vol. 54, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):203-210. FHL 973 D25aga v. 54
- [Cohen] Maryland Genealogies. A Consolidation of Articles from the Maryland Historical Magazine. 2 vols. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980.
- [Cooper] Knoff, Dorothy Cooper. Corbin-Waite-Cooper of Baltimore County and City. East Sandwich, Mass.: D.C. Knoff, 1983. FHL Book 929.273 C811k.
- [Corbin] Knoff, Dorothy Cooper. Corbin-Waite-Cooper of Baltimore County and City. East Sandwich, Mass.: D.C. Knoff, 1983. FHL Book 929.273 C811k.
- [Cox] Leef, Rachel Cox and Celeste Webb. The Cox Family in Baltimore, from Cecil County, Md., the Davy Family in Baltimore, from London, England, the George Family of Talbott County, Maryland. MSS. Microfilmed 1954: FHL Film 746.
- [Crummer] Crummer, Larry D. Crummer Families of the United States and Canada Who Came from Ireland: Including the Lineages of Thomas Crummer of Delaware and Jo Daviess Co., IL.: John Crummer of Middlesex Co., Ontario, Canada : George Crummer of Sullivan Co., MO.: William Crummer of Delaware Co., PA.: John and Nathaniel Crummer of Baltimore, MD.: John and Samuel Crummer of Pittsburgh, PA.: Robert Crummer of Co. Fermanagh, IRE., and Other Crummer Families of Canada and the United States. Baltimore, Md.: Gateway Press, c1994. FHL Book 929.273 C888cL.
- [Davidson] Hinchliff, Helen. "Job Davidson, Cooper in Baltimore, Maryland, and His Long Lost Descendants in Ohio and Indiana: Using Occupation and Birthplace as Census Finding Aids," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 94.
- [Davy] Leef, Rachel Cox and Celeste Webb. The Cox Family in Baltimore, from Cecil County, Md., the Davy Family in Baltimore, from London, England, the George Family of Talbott County, Maryland. MSS. Microfilmed 1954: FHL Film 746.
- [Decosta] Russell, George Ely. "Portuguese and Spanish Colonists in Seventeenth-Century Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 76, No. 1 (January 2001):50-60; Vol. 77, No. 1 (Apr. 2001):138-147. FHL 973 D25aga v. 76
- [Durbin] Carson, Bettie Jewell Durbin. Durbin and Logsdon Genealogy With Related Families, 1626-1991. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, Inc., 1991. FHL Book 929.273 D932dL v. 1-2.
- [Eckler] Meyer, Mary Keysor. "The Eckler Family of Maryland and Kentucky," The Kentucky Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 3 (July/September 1981):83-96. FHL Book 976.9 B2kg v. 23 (1981).
- [Gammon] Boyle, John. Boyle Genealogy: John Boyle of Virginia and Kentucky. St. Louis, Mo.: Perrin & Smith Printing Co., 1909. Digital version at Internet Archive.
- [Gammon] Barnhart, John D. “The Tennessee Constitution of 1796: A Product of the Old West,” The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Nov. 1943):532-548. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
- [Harris] Harris, Mrs. Norris. "The Harris Family of Balitmore and Harford Counties," The Maryland and Delaware Genealogist, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Spring 1990):68. FHL 975 B2m.
- [Holmes] Maynard, Fern. The Descendants of William and Honor (Wells) Holmes: Married 1740 - Baltimore, MD. 5 vols. Boulder, Colo.: F. Maynard, 1991-. FHL Book 929.273 H739m v. 1-5.
- [Horner] Hinds, Virginia Horner. Our Horner Ancestors: William of Fayette County, Pa. Son of Thomas of Baltimore, Md. ca. 1700-1991. Waverly, Ohio: V.H. Hinds, 1991. FHL Book 929.273 H784hv.
- [Jones] Bate, Kerry William. "Litton and Jones Families of Baltimore County, Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 53, No. 1 (Jan. 1977):23. FHL 973 D25aga v. 53
- [Lamkin] Wilkins, Harold E. and Barbara J. Mathews. The Descendants of Thomas Lamkin of the Northern Neck of Virginia. Boston, Mass.: Newbury Street Press, 2001. FHL Book 929.273 L187w.
- [Litton] Bate, Kerry William. "Litton and Jones Families of Baltimore County, Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 53, No. 1 (Jan. 1977):23. FHL 973 D25aga v. 53
- [MacGregor] McCurdy, Harold Grier. "James MacGregor and Thomas MackGehee of Colonial Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1980):243-251. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980).
- [Mathews] Russell, George Ely. "The Swedish Settlement in Maryland, 1654," The American Genealogist, Vol. 54, No. 4 (Oct. 1978):203-210. FHL 973 D25aga v. 54
- [Pearson] Avant, David A. Some Southern Colonial Families. Tallahassee, Fla.: L'Avant Studios, 1982. Vol. 2. FHL Book 929.273 Av34ad v. 2.
- [Pierpoint] Hinchliff, Helen. "John Pierpoint of Baltimore County, Maryland: A Legacy of Prickly Pride," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 95, No. 1 (March 2007):41-54. FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 95 (2007).
- [Philpot] Russell, George Ely. "Brian Philpot Family of Maryland: With Notes on English Relatives," The Genealogist, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Fall 2003):131-165.
- [Reister] Marks, Lillian Bayly. Reister's Desire, the Origin of Reisterstown, Maryland, Founded 1758, with a Genealogical History of the Reister Family and Sketches of Allied Families. Baltimore, Md., 1975.
- [Ruppert] Ruppert, Gary B. "From the Rhineland to the Chesapeake: the German-American Rupperts of Nineteenth-Century Baltimore," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 82, No. 4 (December 1994):269-291. FHL Book 973 B2ng
- [Rust] Rust, Ellsworth Marshall. Rust of Virginia: Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Descendants of William Rust, 1654-1940. Washington, D.C.: Rust, 1940. FHL Book 929.273 R922re.
- [Sands] Wilkins, W.N. Samuel Sands of Baltimore, Md. (1800-1892) and the First Printing of the Stars [sic] Spangled Banner, A Poem by Francis Scott Key, (1814). Baltimore Md.: Ida Charles Williams Foundation, 1956. FHL Film 962260 Item 16.
- [Taylor] Dennstedt, Albert Marjorie. "Richard and Ann Taylor's Descendants in Maryland and Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1996):29-38; Vol. 40, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1996):134-145; Vol. 40, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1996):199-211; Vol. 40, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1996):282-293. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.
- [Todd] Stanard, W.G. "The Todd Family," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jul. 1895):79-83. Digital version at JSTOR - free.
- [Todd] Wiatt, Alexander Lloyd. The Descendants of Stephen Field of King and Queen County, Virginia, 1721: With Notes on the Armistead, Booth, Catesby-Cocke, Catlett, Jones, Lightfoot, Smith, Tabb, Todd and Wiatt Families. n.p.: A. Wiatt, 1992. FHL Book 929.273 F458w.
- [Tracey] Dennstedt, Albert Marjorie. "Richard and Ann Taylor's Descendants in Maryland and Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1996):29-38; Vol. 40, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1996):134-145; Vol. 40, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1996):199-211; Vol. 40, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1996):282-293. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.
- [Uhrbrock] Uhrbrock, Richard Stephen. "The Uhrbrock Family of Schleswig-Holstein, Hanover, New York, and Maryland," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Sep. 1967):163-175. FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 55.
- [Utie] "Captain John Utie, of Utimaria, Esq.," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jul. 1895):52-58. Digital version at JSTOR - free.
- [Waite] Knoff, Dorothy Cooper. Corbin-Waite-Cooper of Baltimore County and City. East Sandwich, Mass.: D.C. Knoff, 1983. FHL Book 929.273 C811k.
- [Wheeler] Wheeler Cousins. Aurora, Mo.: Means Lithographers, 1984. FHL Book 929.273 W562w; Available at Virginia Historical Society.
- [Whitaker] Whitaker-Buck, Ruby M. Mark Whitaker, Baltimore County, Maryland (c1670-1729) and Allied Families. Sacramento, Calif.: privately published, 1992. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.
- [Wright] Hardy, Stella Pickett. Colonial Families of the Southern States of America. New York: Tobias A. Wright, 1911. Digital version at Google Books - free.
Baltimore has been a port since colonial times. Unfortunately, no official passenger lists survive for the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries.
The New Early Settlers of Maryland database is a great place to start searching for immigrants who had arrived in the colony by the 1680s. The database "comprises 34,326 entries from Gust Skordas' Early Settlers of Maryland and Carson Gibb's Supplement to the Early Settlers of Maryland." Available online, courtesy: Maryland State Archives.
Other Baltimore County immigration resources include:
- Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Discusses overseas contacts of individuals with the following Baltimore County surnames: Albers, Anspach, Barry, Barton, Beatty, Beays, Belt, Bolte, Brothers, Brown, Browne, Brune, Buchanan, Burke, Campbell, Caton, Clarke, Courteney, Dickey, Dicky, Donnell, Dormy, Dorsly, Duncan, Gernon, Gillmer, Gilmore, Gittings [Gettings], Goverts, Graf, Grant, Grundy, Gwin, Haslett, Hoffman, Hollins, Holmes, Hudson, Kalkman, Konig, Lone, McCreery, McFadon, Maris, Merryman, Moncrieff, Olliver, Patterson, Pringle, Salmon, Sears, Sherlock, Smith, Somervell, Spears, Sterrett, Stewart, Stiles, Taylor, Thompson, Thorowgood, Valck, Von Kapffe, Von Stapff, Walsh, Williams, Williamson, Wilson, Yellot, Young, Zwisler.]
- List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Baltimore City and County, Maryland (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database. [Includes Richard J. Cox's abstracts of Maryland Gazette runaways.]
Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Baltimore County Deed Books (1653-present) have been uploaded to their website: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)
- A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Maryland, Baltimore County on page 127.]
War of 1812
- List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Maryland, Baltimore County, pp. 111-139. Identifies hundreds of War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War service men from Baltimore County served in various regiments. Men often joi, cned a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Bailtimore County.
- - 1st Regiment, Maryland Eastern Shore Infantry, Company I
- - 1st Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company E, F, G, H, I, K, L, and M
- - 1st Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company C, G, and K
- - 2nd Regiment, Maryland Cavalry (6 months, 1863-1864), Company A, B, and E
- - 2nd Regiment, Maryland Eastern Shore Infantry, Company F
- - 3rd Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Company A, B, C, H, I, and K
- - 6th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Company C
- - 7th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Company D, and K
- - 9th Regiment, Maryland Infantry (6 months, 1863-1864), Company A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, and K
- - Purnell Legion, Maryland Cavalry, Company A, B, and C
Though it does not appear on the Family History Library Catalog under the naturalization section of the City of Baltimore or Baltimore County, the Family History Library has acquired published abstracts of Baltimore naturalizations from 1784 through 1854:
- Oszakiewski, Robert Andrew. Maryland Naturalization Abstracts. Baltimore County and Baltimore City [1784-1854]. Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1995. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.2 P48o.
- Baltimore County newspapers are identified in "Guide to Maryland Newspapers," available online, courtesy: Special Collections, Maryland State Archives.
- Barnes, Robert. Guide to Research in Baltimore City and County. 2nd Edition. Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1993.
- 1678, 1681 - 1678 and 1681 Baltemore County tax lists, available online, courtesy: MDGenWeb.
- 1783 -Baltimore County Tax List of 1783: This is an alphabetical index to names to all property owners assessed. The index cards at the Maryland State Archives include county, hundred, names of tracts of land and whether individuals were paupers or single males as provided in the law.
- 1797 - Cox, Richard J. "Baltimore City 1797 Special Tax List," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 66 (1978):188-191. FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 66 (1978).
- 1798 - Horvath, George J. The Particular Assessment Lists for Baltimore and Carroll Counties - 1798. Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1991.
- 1869 - Baltimore County, Maryland 5th District Collection Book, 1869
- Marriages in Baltimore County, beginning in 1777.
- Baltimore Marriage Announcements from 19th and 20th Century Newspapers--Sorted by Groom's surname
- Transcripts of Marriage Licenses from January 1800 through December 1816
- Transcript of a few Baltimore County Marriage Licenses between 1897 and 1915 Sorted by Groom
- Transcript of a few Baltimore County Marriage Licenses between 1897 and 1915 Sorted by Bride
- Divorce Notices and Other Marital Problems from Baltimore Newspapers
- Maryland Death Certificate Index 1898-1944, available online, courtesy: Vital Records Indexing Project, Maryland State Archives.
Other Baltimore County death record resources include: Extracts and Copies of Death Notices and Obituaries from Baltimore Area Newspapers
Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy Societies and Libraries
- Baltimore County Genealogical Society - Membership required. Links to Surname index files, Pedigree (ancestor) index files, World Wide Web pages, and Extensive library. Other benefits without links are circulating books, research materials, workshops and seminars, quarterly publication.
- Historical Society of Baltimore County - Located in the old Almshouse, the Historical Society of Baltimore County's Library houses information from every known tombstone in both church and family cemeteries in Baltimore County. Here you will also find a growing collection of books and maps (copies of some are for sale), census records, marriage records, slave schedules, family histories, ledgers, photographs, clippings, and manuscripts related to the history and genealogy of Baltimore County.
Family History Centers
- Introduction to LDS Family History Centers
- Baltimore Maryland Family History Center
- Hampstead Maryland Family History Center
Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy Websites
- The Baltimore County MDGenWeb Project, a member of The MDGenWeb Project, an affiliate of The USGenWeb Project.
- "Baltimore Co.," in Genealogical Sources in Periodicals at The Maryland State Archives.
- The USGenWeb Archives Project for Baltimore County.
- The USGenWeb Archives Project for Baltimore County. (backup site)
- FamilySearch.org Family History Library Catalog for Baltimore County (not the City.)
Baltimore County Maryland Genealogy References
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Baltimore Arundel County, Maryland page 317, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002. Cite error: Invalid
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- "List of Counties in Maryland," Wikipedia.
- William Hand Browne, ed., Archives of Maryland: Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly of Maryland October 1678-November 1683 (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1889).
- Morgan Edwards, Materials Towards a History of the Baptists in the Provinces of Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia (1772). Digitized by SCDL Collections - free.
- Wikipedia contributors, "4th Maryland Regiment," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4th_Maryland_Regiment, accessed 31 May 2012.
- Wikipedia contributors, "7th Maryland Regiment," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7th_Maryland_Regiment, accessed 31 May 2012.