Baldwin County, Alabama Genealogy

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This article is about a southwest Alabama county. For other uses, see Baldwin.



Dates for major county records

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  • Baldwin County, Alabama Genealogy residents may also have records in
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Baldwin County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Baldwin County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 21, 1809
County Seat Bay Minette

United States Gotoarrow.png  Alabama  Gotoarrow.png  Baldwin County

County Courthouse

Baldwin County Courthouse
1 Court Square
PO Box 239
Bay Mintre, AL 36507
Phone: (334) 937-9561

The Probate Court has marriage records from 1810,
probate records from 1809 and land records from 1808.
The Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records.[1]



Baldwin County initially fell within the bounds of Mississippi Territory.

Parent County

1809--Baldwin County was created 21 December 1809 from Washington County and part of Florida.
County seat: Bay Minette [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


African American

The following have information concerning African American research.  Both should be used:


Biographies of many notable residents of Baldwin County, Alabama Genealogy were published in Memorial Record of Alabama (1893). Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Begins on page 376.


Community Cemetery
Montgomery Hill Baptist Cemetery


Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1820 1,718
1830 2,324 35.3%
1840 2,951 27.0%
1850 4,414 49.6%
1860 7,530 70.6%
1870 6,004 −20.3%
1880 8,603 43.3%
1890 8,941 3.9%
1900 13,194 47.6%
1910 18,178 37.8%
1920 20,730 14.0%
1930 28,289 36.5%
1940 32,324 14.3%
1950 40,997 26.8%
1960 49,088 19.7%
1970 59,382 21.0%
1980 78,556 32.3%
1990 98,280 25.1%
2000 140,415 42.9%
2010 182,265 29.8%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  Census Bureau

For tips on accessing Baldwin County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.



Land and Property

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Baldwin County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Baldwin County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2006. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.121 E7bg.

Local Histories



Civil War Battles Fought in Baldwin County
  • 1864 - August 2-23 = Mobile Bay, also known as Passing of Forts Morgan and Gaines, (partly fought in Mobile County)
  • 1865 - March 27-April 8, 1865 = Spanish Fort
  • 1865 - April 2-9 = Fort Blakely

Battle information from Civil War Battle Summaries by State, by the Heritage Preservation Services.

Map showing Civil War battles in Alabama, by the Heritage Preservation Services.


Probate Records


  • 1816 - Inhabitants of Alabama in 1816. Broken Arrow Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1955. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Includes Baldwin County.

Vital Records


Voting Registers

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

Baldwin County has three books:

Societies and Libraries

Family History Center

28721 County Road 13
Daphne, Baldwin, Alabama, United States
Phone: 251-625-1386
Hours: T 10am-2pm; W 6:30-8:30; Th 12-4pm

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • USGenWeb Archives Project ~ contains record transcriptions from Bibles, obituaries, court records and more.
  • Baldwin County ALGenWeb ~ record transcriptions and information pertinent to the county.


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 35.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Coverage Table, "Alabama County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," FamilySearch Research Wiki,, accessed 6 August 2012.