Baker County, Oregon Genealogy

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Baker County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Baker County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Location of Oregon in the U.S.
Founded September 22, 1862
County Seat Baker City
Address Baker County Courthouse
1995 Third
Baker City, OR 97814
Named for: Edward Dickinson Baker

This article is about a northwest Oregon county. For other uses, see Baker.

United States Gotoarrow.png Oregon Gotoarrow.png Baker County

Records held at the Courthouse

  • County Records Inventory listing the records held at the Baker County Court House as of July 2005. This courthouse has the reputation of being the cleanest county record depository in the state of Oregon.
  • Record Loss: Some will books were lost in a county clerk's office fire in 1890s. One early marriage register missing (as of 2005).
  • 1 December 2010: Cleanup Underway No records damaged or lost due to quick action.

Historical Facts

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Baker County, Oregon

Named for U.S. Senator Edward Dickinson Baker of Oregon, who was killed at the Battle of Ball's Bluff in the Civil War.

Parent County

22 September 1862: Baker county was created from Wasco County. [1]

Boundary Changes

14 October 1864: Union County set off.

17 February 1887: Malheur County set off.

1 February 1901: The Panhandle area between the Powder River and the Wallowa Mountains was returned from Union County, forming the northeast corner of Baker County.

Places / Localities

The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Trivia Tidbits

Information about localities, too small or too brief to describe in separate pages. Exception to this are Post Offices. > Trivia Tidbits



An Illustrated history of Baker, Grant, Malheur and Harney counties WorldCat 5436806FHL
([Spokane, Washington]: Western Historical Publishing Company, 1902).
Heavy on history (prehistoric to time of publication), heavy on biographies of prominent men, but little of genealogies and
Also available in other forms:

  1. WorldCat 24186308
  2. eBook - (LAR)

Thirty-one years in Baker County: a history of the county from 1861 to 1893; Isaac Hiatt WorldCat 841884FHL
(Baker, Oregon: Baker County Historical Society and the Powder River Sportsmen's Club, 1970).

Cemeteries (Rural)

  • Baker County, Oregon: reprints of records published in the Oregon Genealogical Society quarterly, volumes 21-22. 1982-1984 FHL 1049531



  • 1870 - the area between Baker City, Haines and the Blue Mountains, generally known as Wingville was overlooked and not enumerated.
  • Eastern Oregon 1870 U.S. Census : Baker County, Grant County, Umatilla County, Union County FHL
  • 1880 - the portion that was later be Malheur County, all the places south of Malheur River including what is now Ontario, Vale, Nyssa, Owyhee, etc was not enumerated.
  • 1870, 1880, 1890 and 1900 censuses, the Panhandle of Baker County enumerations can be found in Union County when it was part of Union County.
  • 1870
  • 1880
  • 1890
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 1920
  • 1930


  • 1905

Church History and Records (rural only)

Court Records

  • Widow's pension applications and ledger, Baker County, Oregon, 1913-1936 FHL
    (Baker County Court, State of Oregon, 2001)


  • Eastern Oregon directory, 1899-1900: a complete directory of Umatilla, Union and Baker counties; with the Portland business directory FHL Collection
  • Baker City (Oregon) city directories, 1908-1935 FHL Collection
  • Baker (Baker County, Oregon) city directory: including Baker County residents, rural routes, also a buyers' guide and a complete classified business directory, 1959- FHL Collection

Emigration and Immigration


Early migration routes to and from Baker County, Oregon Genealogy for European and African American settlers included:



Gotoarrow-kelly.png Biography, History

  • The History of Baker County; Baker County Historical Society, pub. 1986. WorldCat 15218008FHL Collection
    ([S.l.]: Baker County Historical Society (OR), 1986)
    Little of biography and local history, more of family genealogies.
  • Centennial pioneer families of Baker County, 1976 FHL Collection


Also see: Biography, Genealogy

Land and Property


Military History and Records



Gotoarrow-kelly.png Court records for the widows pensions

Probate Records

Rivers and Waterways

Details about the rivers and waterways where farms and settlements are often found along them. >> Rivers and Waterways


  • Baker County, [Oregon], assessment tax rolls, 1892-1897 FHL Collection
  • Baker City (Oregon) city directories FHL Collection microfilm 2309792 Item 1
    Tax lists are for Baker, Grant and Union counties 1908-1909, listed as last part of the volume.

Vital Records

Social Security Death Index, begins about 1962 to at least 2 months ago.

Many early marriages are listed on the Western States Marriage Index.

Societies, Libraries and Museums

Web Sites


  1. WorldCat 50140092FHL CollectionHandybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)
  2. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map V" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at (accessed 18 July 2011).