Difference between revisions of "Australia Emigration and Immigration"

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[[Australia]] [[Image:Ship Bega of the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company.jpg|thumb|right|200x180px]]  
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[[Australia]] [[Image:Ship Bega of the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company.jpg|thumb|right|200x180px|Ship Bega of the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company.jpg|Ship Bega of the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company]]  
  
 
== Introduction<br> ==
 
== Introduction<br> ==
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*Paying passengers came to Australia through their own means.
 
*Paying passengers came to Australia through their own means.
  
With the exception of paying passengers, immigration records usually contain a great deal of genealogical information. Many records list each individual’s name, age or date of birth, place of birth, trade or occupation, physical description, marital status, and number of children. Passenger lists of paying immigrants usually list only names.&nbsp;[[Image:Downloaded4643424365482659791 Barco+inmi.JPG|frame|right|240x180px|Immigrant ship, Barco]]  
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With the exception of paying passengers, immigration records usually contain a great deal of genealogical information. Many records list each individual’s name, age or date of birth, place of birth, trade or occupation, physical description, marital status, and number of children. Passenger lists of paying immigrants usually list only names.&nbsp;[[Image:Downloaded4643424365482659791 Barco+inmi.JPG|frame|right|240x180px]]  
  
 
Many eighteenth and nineteenth century immigration sources have been published. Indexes to passenger&nbsp; lists have also been published. In addition, many books have been written about immigrants from various countries and religions who settled in Australia. The [[Australia Minorities|minorities]] article has some information about immigrants from other countries. <br>
 
Many eighteenth and nineteenth century immigration sources have been published. Indexes to passenger&nbsp; lists have also been published. In addition, many books have been written about immigrants from various countries and religions who settled in Australia. The [[Australia Minorities|minorities]] article has some information about immigrants from other countries. <br>
  
The [http://www.naa.gov.au/naaresources/Publications/research_guides/guides/childmig/chapter1.htm National Archives of Australia] has a tremendou<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1342119884944_515" />s amount of information on records, their immigration policy and location as well as classification of various records.
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The [http://www.naa.gov.au/naaresources/Publications/research_guides/guides/childmig/chapter1.htm National Archives of Australia] has a tremendou<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1342119884944_515" />s amount of information on records, their immigration policy and location as well as classification of various records.  
  
 
== Indexes and Lists  ==
 
== Indexes and Lists  ==
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== General  ==
 
== General  ==
  
The [http://www.nationalarchives.ie/ National Archives of Ireland] has a searchable index database on the Internet for transportation records of Irish convicts sent to Australia between 1788 and 1868. Over 38,000 names are indexed on the [http://www.nationalarchives.ie/search/index.php?category=18&subcategory=147&style=null&PHPSESSID=lekscplsegcggpckm9kgkqdku5 Ireland - Australia Transportation] Web site.<br>  
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The [http://www.nationalarchives.ie/ National Archives of Ireland] has a searchable index database on the Internet for transportation records of Irish convicts sent to Australia between 1788 and 1868. Over 38,000 names are indexed on the [http://www.nationalarchives.ie/search/index.php?category=18&subcategory=147&style=null&PHPSESSID=lekscplsegcggpckm9kgkqdku5 Ireland - Australia Transportation] Web site.<br>
  
 
=== New South Wales  ===
 
=== New South Wales  ===
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=== [http://www.familyhistorysa.info/ [[Image:Australia with South Australia highlighted.png|right|200x169px|Australia with South Australia highlighted.png]]Family History South&nbsp;Australia]  ===
 
=== [http://www.familyhistorysa.info/ [[Image:Australia with South Australia highlighted.png|right|200x169px|Australia with South Australia highlighted.png]]Family History South&nbsp;Australia]  ===
  
=== [http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/Adelaide.htm South Australian Shipping Lists 1836 - 1851]<br> ===
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=== [http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/Adelaide.htm South Australian Shipping Lists 1836 - 1851]<br> ===
  
Our aim has been to gather as many South Australian passenger lists as possible between 1836 and the 1860s.&nbsp; To December 2004 we have over 2000, most of which are now available for you to view.&nbsp; We also have a number of passenger lists for ships which arrived in South Australia after the 1860s. A Database has also been created from all these passenger lists currently 52,000 families. We are currently considering how to make this available to you as a searchable database (possible on a CD).<br>  
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Our aim has been to gather as many South Australian passenger lists as possible between 1836 and the 1860s.&nbsp; To December 2004 we have over 2000, most of which are now available for you to view.&nbsp; We also have a number of passenger lists for ships which arrived in South Australia after the 1860s. A Database has also been created from all these passenger lists currently 52,000 families. We are currently considering how to make this available to you as a searchable database (possible on a CD).<br>
  
 
This site also has searchable databases, you will need to have the year and the name of the ship in order to locate passenger lists.&nbsp; There doesn't appear to be a searchable passenger list available.  
 
This site also has searchable databases, you will need to have the year and the name of the ship in order to locate passenger lists.&nbsp; There doesn't appear to be a searchable passenger list available.  
  
=== [[19th century South Australian shipping|19th Century Shipping]] ===click here
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=== [[19th century South Australian shipping|19th Century Shipping]] ===click here  
  
 
Into South Australia - list of ships only  
 
Into South Australia - list of ships only  
  
This site provides resources for family history research on South Australians and includes a searchable database of SA Passenger Lists up to 1850 for more than 1200 voyages.<br>  
+
This site provides resources for family history research on South Australians and includes a searchable database of SA Passenger Lists up to 1850 for more than 1200 voyages.<br>
  
 
*[http://www.familyhistorysa.info/  
 
*[http://www.familyhistorysa.info/  
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*[[Immigration - why they came to South Australia]]  
 
*[[Immigration - why they came to South Australia]]  
 
*[http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/Adelaide.htm South Australian Passenger Lists]<br>
 
*[http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/Adelaide.htm South Australian Passenger Lists]<br>
The ShipsList website, online since August 1999, will help you find your ancestors on ships' passenger lists. We also have immigration reports, newspaper records, shipwreck information, ship pictures, ship descriptions, shipping-line fleet lists and more; as well as hundreds of passenger lists to Canada, USA, Australia and even some for South Africa.&nbsp; Be sure to check the "special projects" section.<br>We have over 3,000 totally free access web-pages with new databases added regularly,<br>To make best use of your visit, use the Navigation-bars (buttons and text) which are on the top of every page, to help you find your way around. <br>  
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*<span style="text-decoration: underline" />[http://www.theshipslist.com/ The Ships List]<br>  
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The ShipsList website, online since August 1999, will help you find your ancestors on ships' passenger lists. We also have immigration reports, newspaper records, shipwreck information, ship pictures, ship descriptions, shipping-line fleet lists and more; as well as hundreds of passenger lists to Canada, USA, Australia and even some for South Africa.&nbsp; Be sure to check the "special projects" section.<br>We have over 3,000 totally free access web-pages with new databases added regularly,<br>To make best use of your visit, use the Navigation-bars (buttons and text) which are on the top of every page, to help you find your way around. <br>
 +
 
 +
*<span style="text-decoration: underline" />[http://www.theshipslist.com/ The Ships List]<br>
 
*[http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/SAgermanindex.htm German Immigrants] to South&nbsp;Australia 1837 to 1860
 
*[http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/SAgermanindex.htm German Immigrants] to South&nbsp;Australia 1837 to 1860
  
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[http://www.ancestorsonboard.com/ Britain Outward Passenger Lists]&nbsp;from Britain On-line 1890-1960. Departure records before 1890 have not survived.  
 
[http://www.ancestorsonboard.com/ Britain Outward Passenger Lists]&nbsp;from Britain On-line 1890-1960. Departure records before 1890 have not survived.  
  
From Germany In an article by Karl Werner Klüber were listed emigrants from Hamburg bound for Australia in the years 1849-1851. The lists of passengers can be found in the periodical {{FHL|1743865|title-id|disp=GENEALOGIE Heft 4}}, April 1966 page 186, available through the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (FHL book number&nbsp; [https://familysearch.org/search/search/index/catalog-search#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&collectionId=&fed=false&page=1&catSearchType=call_number&searchCriteria=943+B2gf&placeName=&author_givenName=&author_surname= 943 B2gf ].) <br>  
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From Germany In an article by Karl Werner Klüber were listed emigrants from Hamburg bound for Australia in the years 1849-1851. The lists of passengers can be found in the periodical {{FHL|1743865|title-id|disp=GENEALOGIE Heft 4}}, April 1966 page 186, available through the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (FHL book number&nbsp; [https://familysearch.org/search/search/index/catalog-search#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&collectionId=&fed=false&page=1&catSearchType=call_number&searchCriteria=943+B2gf&placeName=&author_givenName=&author_surname= 943 B2gf ].) <br>
  
<br>  
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<br>
  
 
== Books about Emigration and Immigration  ==
 
== Books about Emigration and Immigration  ==
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AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION- HANDBOOKS, MANUALS, ETC.  
 
AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION- HANDBOOKS, MANUALS, ETC.  
  
<br>  
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<br>
  
 
To find these records at the Family History Library, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog for a lengthy listing of sources under:  
 
To find these records at the Family History Library, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog for a lengthy listing of sources under:  
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AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - INDEXES  
 
AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - INDEXES  
  
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<br>'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
  
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
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*[[Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
 
*[[Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
  
{{Place|Australia}}
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{{Place|Australia}}  
  
 
{{featured article}}  
 
{{featured article}}  
  
 
[[Category:Australia]]
 
[[Category:Australia]]

Revision as of 15:38, 3 August 2012

Australia
Ship Bega of the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company

Introduction

View the"Transportation to Australia" online tutorial from FamilySearch.

Emigration and immigration sources list names and other details about individuals leaving (emigration) or coming into (immigration) Australia. Between 1788 and 1900 over 1,000,000 people immigrated to Australia. Most of them were from the British Isles, but some were from Europe and Asia.

Prior to 1900 there were four classes of immigrants to Australia:

  • Convicts sent to Australia after they were tried and convicted for crimes committed in the British Isles. Tasmania and New South Wales were the states that received most of the convicts before 1830.
  • Bounty immigrants were chosen by Australian colonists to come from the British Isles to Australia.
  • Assisted immigrants came to Australia through the financial assistance of the government, organizations, or wealthy individuals.
  • Paying passengers came to Australia through their own means.
With the exception of paying passengers, immigration records usually contain a great deal of genealogical information. Many records list each individual’s name, age or date of birth, place of birth, trade or occupation, physical description, marital status, and number of children. Passenger lists of paying immigrants usually list only names. 
Ship with emigrants arriving in Australia.JPG

Many eighteenth and nineteenth century immigration sources have been published. Indexes to passenger  lists have also been published. In addition, many books have been written about immigrants from various countries and religions who settled in Australia. The minorities article has some information about immigrants from other countries.

The National Archives of Australia has a tremendous amount of information on records, their immigration policy and location as well as classification of various records.

Indexes and Lists

Indexes and lists of immigrants to each state are available in a variety of formats including microfiche, microfilm, book and electronic formats. Some are available on the internet. Local, state and family history libraries may hold material relevant to that state and other areas of Australia. The National Archives holds records of immigration after 1923 when immigration became a Commonwealth Government responsibility. Information on the records and how to obtain them is available on the National Archives of Australia site for migration, citizenship & travel .

There are many Indexes in The Irish Ancestor, of convicts requesting wife and children to be sent out to Australia, at the Govt Expense. Look under Emigration and Immigration on the Irish Home Page, for the listing and the years covered, then Australia.

General

The National Archives of Ireland has a searchable index database on the Internet for transportation records of Irish convicts sent to Australia between 1788 and 1868. Over 38,000 names are indexed on the Ireland - Australia Transportation Web site.

New South Wales

Queensland

South Australia

Ship.gif
]

Australia with South Australia highlighted.png
Family History South Australia

South Australian Shipping Lists 1836 - 1851

Our aim has been to gather as many South Australian passenger lists as possible between 1836 and the 1860s.  To December 2004 we have over 2000, most of which are now available for you to view.  We also have a number of passenger lists for ships which arrived in South Australia after the 1860s. A Database has also been created from all these passenger lists currently 52,000 families. We are currently considering how to make this available to you as a searchable database (possible on a CD).

This site also has searchable databases, you will need to have the year and the name of the ship in order to locate passenger lists.  There doesn't appear to be a searchable passenger list available.

=== 19th Century Shipping ===click here

Into South Australia - list of ships only

This site provides resources for family history research on South Australians and includes a searchable database of SA Passenger Lists up to 1850 for more than 1200 voyages.

The ShipsList website, online since August 1999, will help you find your ancestors on ships' passenger lists. We also have immigration reports, newspaper records, shipwreck information, ship pictures, ship descriptions, shipping-line fleet lists and more; as well as hundreds of passenger lists to Canada, USA, Australia and even some for South Africa.  Be sure to check the "special projects" section.
We have over 3,000 totally free access web-pages with new databases added regularly,
To make best use of your visit, use the Navigation-bars (buttons and text) which are on the top of every page, to help you find your way around.

Victoria


Emigration and immigration records, such as the ones previously described, are deposited in Australian national archives, state archives, and other local repositories and archives. Click on the state archive link in the Archives and Libraries article to learn more.

Emigrants Leaving Another Country

Some information about emigrants leaving country were also kept. These outward-bound records include the names of passenger and crew members and sometimes additional information such as an individual’s age, marital status, occupation, and nationality.

Between 1848 and 1850 over 4,000 adolescent female orphans emigrated from Irish workhouses to Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide on the other side of the world. Their emigration has become known as the ‘Earl Grey scheme’ after its principal architect, Earl Grey, Secretary of State for the Colonies in Lord John Russell’s Whig government at the time of the Great Irish Famine.

The Australian Famine Orphan Monument lists lists the names of 400 of the girls brought to the colonies of Australia from Ireland under this scheme.

Britain Outward Passenger Lists from Britain On-line 1890-1960. Departure records before 1890 have not survived.

From Germany In an article by Karl Werner Klüber were listed emigrants from Hamburg bound for Australia in the years 1849-1851. The lists of passengers can be found in the periodical GENEALOGIE Heft 4, April 1966 page 186, available through the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah (FHL book number  943 B2gf .)


Books about Emigration and Immigration

  • Vine Hall, Nick. Tracing Your Family History in Australia: a guide (Family History Library Call Number 994 D23V . There are also several source books about how to find emigration and immigration records. These books are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION- HANDBOOKS, MANUALS, ETC.


To find these records at the Family History Library, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog for a lengthy listing of sources under:

AUSTRALIA - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION

AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION

AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION

Indexes of emigration and immigration records are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:

AUSTRALIA - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - INDEXES

AUSTRALIA, [STATE- EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - INDEXES]

AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION - INDEXES


A wiki article describing an online collection is found at: