Atchison County, Missouri Genealogy

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This article is about a northwestern Missouri County. For other uses, see Atchison.

United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Atchison County

Guide to Atchison County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Missouri
Online Records

Atchison County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded February 23, 1843
County Seat Rock Port
Address Atchison County Courthouse
P.O. Box 280
400 South Washington Street
Rock Port, MO 64482
Telephone: (660) 744-6214
Atchison County Website

County Courthouse

County Recorder has marriage and land records;
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records;
County Clerk has birth records 1883-1893; Probate
Judge has probate records[1]


Parent County

1843--Atchison County was created 23 February 1843 from Holt County. County seat: Rock Port[2] Atchison County was originally named Allen County when it was formed in 1843. It was renamed Atchison, County in 1845.

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Atchison County border changes at

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




For tips on accessing Atchison County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Atchison County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

A Biographical History of Nodaway and Atchison counties, Missouri compendium of national biography (1901) is available online free from Google Books. Part I contains biographies of national celebrities. Part II (starts on p.219) contains biographies of Atchison and Nodaway county residents.

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from the History of Holt and Atchison Counties [1]

  • The earliest inhabitants of what is now Missouri where Indians.
  • The first non indians to lay claim to what is now Missouri were the French
  • 1768 - Spain became the "owners" of the area.
  • 1800 October 1 - Spain ceded this area back to France
  • 1803 October 31 - France ceded this territory to the USA.
  • 1821 August 10 - Missouri became a state.
  • 1836 - The "Platte Purchase" was made with the Indians.
  • 1839 - The first white settler to settle in what is now Atchison County.
  • 1843 February 23 - Atchison County was organized.




Early migration routes to and from Atchison County, Missouri Genealogy for European and African American settlers included:



Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Atchison County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.


Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Atchison County, Missouri. Page 397 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map I" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  4. "Oregon California Trails Association" at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  5. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at (accessed 18 July 2011).