United States U.S. Migration Railroads Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway
In March 1881 the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway linked to the Southern Pacific Railroad
in Deming, New Mexico
to create the second transcontinental railroad
line in the United States
by connecting Kansas City and Los Angeles. Settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the railroads provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.
Building westward from Topeka, Kansas this railroad reached Dodge City in 1872, the Kansas-Colorado border in 1873, and Pueblo, Colorado in 1876. To attract settlers they set up land offices and sold farms on their Kansas land grants from Congress. ATSF became involved in a railroad war with the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad over choke points at Royal Gorge, Colorado, and Raton Pass, New Mexico. Continuing to roughly follow the old Santa Fe Trail, in 1878 ATSF tracks reached south from Bent's Old Fort, La Junta, and Trinadad, Colorado into Raton, New Mexico. They reached Albuquerque in 1880, and linked into the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks at Deming, New Mexico in 1881 to open transcontinental service. The Santa Fe Railroad made arrangements that led to the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad being built from Albuquerque to Flagstaff, Arizona, to Los Angeles in 1885, and to eventual takeover of those tracks. Starting in 1876 the Fred Harvey Company operation of high standard cafés and hotels was established about every 100 miles along the Santa Fe lines.
A typical Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway route used by people moving west would include:
- Chicago, Illinois
- Kansas City, Missouri
- Topeka, Kansas
- Newton, Kansas
- La Junta, Colorado
- Trinadad, Colorado
- Las Vegas, New Mexico
- Albuquerque, New Mexico
- Grants, New Mexico
- Winslow, Arizona
- Flagstaff, Arizona
- Barstow, California
- Los Angeles, California
Settlers and Records
Settlers along these tracks most likely came from Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas or Colorado. Many farmers settled in Kansas and Colorado. Some settled in New Mexico and Arizona, but especially in California.
There are no known passenger records of this railroad.
Wikipedia - Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe history, officers, train service, paint schemes, and ferry service
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Atchison,_Topeka_and_Santa_Fe_Railway (accessed 4 July 2009).
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "Albuquerque, New Mexico" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albuquerque,_New_Mexico (accessed 5 July 2009), and American Western History Museums, "Southern Pacific Railroad" in "Western Railroads" in American Western History Museums at http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/southern_pacific_railroad/southern_pacific_railroad.html (accessed 4 July 2009).
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "Atlantic and Pacific Railroad" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Atlantic_and_Pacific_Railroad (accessed 5 July 2009).
- ↑ Wikipedia contributors, "Fred Harvey Company" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fred_Harvey_Company (accessed 5 July 2009).
- ↑ "File:Santa Fe Route Map 1891.jpg" in Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atchison,_Topeka_and_Santa_Fe_Railway (accessed 5 July 2009).