Difference between revisions of "Arkansas in the Civil War"

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Arkansas Military Records|Military Records]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Arkansas_in_the_Civil_War|Arkansas in the Civil War]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas Military Records|Military Records]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas_in_the_Civil_War|Arkansas in the Civil War]]''  
  
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During the Civil War, Arkansas raised more than 48,000 men for the Confederacy and more than 8,000 for the Union. Their records can be found in state records shown on this page, unit records which may be found on the military unit pages (see below for links), or [[United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 2|country records]]. For ideas on how to begin searching for your Civil War ancestor, see [[Beginning United States Civil War Research|Beginning United States Civil War Research]].<br>[[Image:{{ElkhornTavernArkansas}}]] <br>
  
 
=== Introduction  ===
 
=== Introduction  ===
  
=== Arkansas Military Units  ===
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In 1861, Arkansas was still rural with a small population. It seceded from the Union on 6 May 1861. Soldiers from Arkansas served in both the Confederate and Union armies, however most served in the Confederate forces in about 48 infantry regiments as well as cavalry, artillery and other units.<ref name="wikipedia">Wikipedia.org, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_in_the_American_Civil_War Arkansas in the American Civil War], (accessed 16 March 2011].</ref> The United States War Department credited Arkansas with 8,289 white men who served in the Union Army.<ref>United States. War Department, ''The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies'', (Washington, District of Columbia: Govt. Print. Office, 1880-1901), Series 3, Volume 4, page 1269. {{FHL|31516|item|disp=FHL book 973 M29u ser.3 v. 3, FHL film 845422}}.</ref>
  
Most units were numbered, however, many were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units. <br>
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For additional information about the history of Arkansas in the Civil War, see the Wikipedia article, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_in_the_American_Civil_War Arkansas in the American Civil War].  
  
The information in the lists of Arkansas Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.
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==== Battles  ====
<center>'''Arkansas Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 30px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); text-align: center"></div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 6th|1st-6th]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units 7th through 23rd|7th-23rd]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units 24th through 63rd|24th-63rd]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units A through E|A-E]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units F through M|F-M]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units N through Z|N-Z]]</div><div style="float: left; width: 100%"><br><center>'''Arkansas Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 30px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); text-align: center"></div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Militia Units|Militia]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate State Troops|State Troops]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Other Confederate Units|Other]]</div><div style="float: left; width: 100%"><br></div></div>
 
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17 Civil War battles were fought in Arkansas. The following have information about these battles:  
<center>'''Arkansas Units by Regiments, Battalions, and Companies'''</center><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 30px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); text-align: center"></div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Regiments|Regiments]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Battalions|Battalions]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 65px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Companies|Companies]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Unknown Sizes of Units|Unkown Sizes]]</div><div style="float: left; width: 100%"><br></div><div></div>
 
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=== Arkansas Companies  ===
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*[http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/arkansas.html American Civil War] site has brief summaries of the battles, with maps and photos. <br>
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_in_the_American_Civil_War Arkansas in the American Civil War] in Wikipedia has a list of battles with links to other pages about each battle.<br>
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*[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/bystate.htm#al National Park Service] site has brief summaries of the battles.
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*[http://www.civilwaralbum.com/ Civil War Album] site has modern photos of places or things relating to the battles. It can be searched.
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*Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/ARmap.htm Map] showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
  
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=== Arkansas Military Units  ===
  
*[[Abraham's Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (State Troops)|Abraham's Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (State Troops)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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Most units were numbered, however, many were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units. <br>  
  
*[[Baker's Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (30 days, 1861)|Baker's Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (30 days, 1861)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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The information in the lists of Arkansas Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.
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<center>'''Arkansas Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 6th|1st-6th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units 7th through 23rd|7th-23rd]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units 24th through 63rd|24th-63rd]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units A through E|A-E]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units F through M|F-M]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Units N through Z|N-Z]]</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br><center>'''Arkansas Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Militia Units|Militia]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate State Troops|State Troops]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Other Confederate Units|Other]]</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br></div></div>
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*[[Ballard's Company, Arkansas Infantry (30 days, 1861)|Ballard's Company, Arkansas Infantry (30 days, 1861)]] <br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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<center>'''Arkansas Units by Regiments, Battalions, and Companies'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Regiments|Regiments]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Battalions|Battalions]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 65px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Companies|Companies]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Confederate Unknown Sizes of Units|Unkown Sizes]]</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br></div><div></div>
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*[[Clayton's Company, Arkansas Infantry|Clayton's Company, Arkansas Infantry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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<center>'''Arkansas Union Units by Number'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Arkansas Civil War Union Units|Union Units]]</div>
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<br><br>  
  
*[[Crawford's Company of Rangers, Arkansas Militia|Crawford's Company of Rangers, Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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<br><br>  
  
*[[Cypert's Company, Arkansas Cavalry|Cypert's Company, Arkansas Cavalry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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<br>  
  
*[[Dunlap's Company, Arkansas Volunteers|Dunlap's Company, Arkansas Volunteers]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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=== Records and Resources  ===
  
*[[Ernest's Company, Arkansas Infantry (Local Defense)|Ernest's Company, Arkansas Infantry (Local Defense)]]<br>Mustered in: June 4, 1863.<br>
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Indexes and the compiled military service records are available at the Family History Library and the National Archives.  
  
*[[Holman’s Company|Holman’s company ]]<br>Captain Holman’s company eventually became Co. C of Colonel R.C. Newton’s 10th Arkansas Cavalry, CSA during the Winter of 1864-65.<br>For more information on these little known Arkansas CSA units and the men who served in them, please access the following URLs:<br>http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/1117/j_bishop.html<br>http://www.insolwwb.net/~egerdes/10thregt.htm<br>http://www.aristotle.net/~tomezell/Newt10cav.htm<br>Source: EDWARD G. GERDES , Arkansas Civil War Regiments, Rosters and Muster Rolls, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/pettusbn.html . 11/8/2010. <br>
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*'''USCT Headstones and Cemetery project in Arkansas by Tonia Holleman and Angela Walton-Raji E-mail: [mailto:toniah904@aol.com toniah904@aol.com]'''
  
*[[Hooker's Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (30 days, 1861)|Hooker's Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (30 days, 1861)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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*Pompey, Sherman Lee.''Burial lists of members of Arkansas cavalry and infantry regiments in the Civil War''. (Kingsburg, California: Pacific Specialties, 1972 {{FHL|145136|item|disp=FHL book 976.7 M2p}}
  
*[[Kuykendall's Company, Arkansas Infantry|Kuykendall's Company, Arkansas Infantry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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<br>  
  
*[[Louis' Company, Arkansas Militia|Louis' Company, Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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==== Union Records  ====
  
*[[Martindale's Company, Arkansas State Cavalry|Martindale's Company, Arkansas State Cavalry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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===== Compiled Service Records  =====
  
*[[Mathias' Company, Arkansas Militia|Mathias' Company, Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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*The [http://go.fold3.com/civilwar_records Compiled Service Records] ($) (Fold3.com) of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Arkansas are available online. In the future, these records will be [http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2007/nr07-41.html made available at no charge] through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at [http://www.archives.gov/locations/archival-research.html National Archives research rooms].
  
*[[Reeve's Company, Arkansas Cavalry|Reeve's Company, Arkansas Cavalry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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:The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see [[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]].
  
*[[Sparks' Company, Arkansas Infantry (60 days, 1862)|Sparks' Company, Arkansas Infantry (60 days, 1862)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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===== Pension records  =====
  
*[[Spavine's Company, Arkansas Volunteer Rifles (Militia)|Spavine's Company, Arkansas Volunteer Rifles (Militia)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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*An {{RecordSearch|1471019|Index to Pension Applications}} of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see [[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]].
  
*[[Willett's Company, Arkansas (Provost Guard)|Willett's Company, Arkansas (Provost Guard)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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===== Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas  =====
  
*[[Williamson's Unassigned Company, Arkansas|Williamson's Unassigned Company, Arkansas]]"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
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Arkansas. Adjutant General's Office. ''Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas, for the period of the late rebellion, and to November 1, 1866'', (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1990).&nbsp; Digital copy on [http://archive.org/stream/reportadjutantg01offigoog#page/n4/mode/2up Internet Archive]. <br>  
  
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==== Confederate Records  ====
  
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===== Compiled Service Records  =====
  
=== Other Military Units  ===
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*The [http://go.fold3.com/civilwar_records Compiled Service Records] ($) (Fold3.com) of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Arkansas are available online. In the future, these records will be [http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2007/nr07-41.html made available at no charge] through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at [http://www.archives.gov/locations/archival-research.html National Archives research rooms].
  
*[[Arkansas Militia|Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
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:The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see [[Confederate Service Records|Confederate Service Records]].
  
*[[Arkansas Reserve Corps|Arkansas Reserve Corps]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
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===== Pension Records  =====
  
*[[Arkansas State Troops|Arkansas State Troops]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
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*Arkansas pension records for Confederate veterans are located at the Arkansas History Commission.
  
*[[Arkansas State Cavalry|Arkansas State Cavalry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
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*A searchable index to Confederate pension records is posted by the [http://www.ark-ives.com/documenting/confed_pensions.asp Arkansas History Commission].
  
*[[Carvell's Provost Guard (Arkansas)|Carvell's Provost Guard (Arkansas)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
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*The Family History Library holds microfilm copies of Arkansas Confederate pension records, 1901-1929, on 121 films. The pensions are alphabetically arranged. (Family History Library Films beginning with {{FHL|598195|title-id|disp=1722443}})
  
*[[Clear Lake Independent Guards, Arkansas Infantry|Clear Lake Independent Guards, Arkansas Infantry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
*Copies of individual pension records may be ordered from the Arkansas History Commission.
  
*[[Arkansas Conscripts|Arkansas Conscripts]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
For more information on Arkansas pension records for Confederate soldiers, see [[Confederate Pension Records|Confederate Pension Records]].  
  
*[[Arkansas Conscripts (Cavalry)|Arkansas Conscripts (Cavalry)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
===== 1911 Special Census  =====
  
*[[Fitz Williams' Arkansas Volunteers|Fitz Williams' Arkansas volunteers]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
In 1911 a special census was taken of Confederate veterans. Returns are available for 40 of the 75 counties. All of these censuses are at the Arkansas Historical Commission, and most are on microfilm at the Family History Library.  
  
*[[Franklin Guard, Arkansas Militia|Franklin Guard, Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
*Abstracts of the questionnaires have been published in Bobbie J. McLane and Capitola H. Gazner,''Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans'', Three Volumes. (N.p.: Arkansas Ancestors, 1977-1981. (Family History Library book {{FHL|46722|title-id|disp=976.7 X2m}}; fiche {{FHL|46722|title-id|disp=6019335}}.)
  
*[[Fort Hindmigan, Arkansas|Fort Hindmigan, Arkansas]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
*''An Index to the Three Volumes, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans'' has been published by the same authors. (Family History Library {{FHL|46722|title-id|disp=976.7 X2m}} index.)
  
*[[Arkansas Home Guards|Arkansas Home Guards]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
+
==== Contraband Camps<br> ====
  
*[[Home Defenders, Arkansas Militia|Home Defenders, Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
The web site [http://www.lastroadtofreedom.com/ Last Road to Freedom] has information on America's Civil War contrband camps.  
  
*[[Independent Arkansas Cavalry|Independent Arkansas Cavalry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.
+
Civil War [http://www.lastroadtofreedom.com/documents/Arkansas.pdf Contraband Camps in Arkansas]&nbsp;were located in Helena, Camp Deliverance, Camp Wood, Camp Colony, Pine Bluff and Little Rock.  
  
*[[Jackson County, Arkansas Militia|Jackson County, Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
<br>  
  
*[[McNair's Brigade, Arkansas Infantry|McNair's Brigade, Arkansas Infantry]]<br>See: EDWARD G. GERDES, Arkansas Civil War Regiments, Rosters and Muster Rolls [http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/4mcnair_indx.html http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/4mcnair_indx.html]. <br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
===== Southern Claims Commission  =====
  
*[[Arkansas (Micellaneous)|Arkansas (Micellaneous)]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
+
If a Union sympathizer in Arkansas claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of the residents of all kinds in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described.  
  
*[[Morris Guard, Arkansas Cavalry|Morris Guard, Arkansas Cavalry]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Arkansas counties during the Civil War see the [[Southern Claims Commission|Southern Claims Commission]].  
  
*[[Arkansas Partisan Rangers|Arkansas Partisan Rangers]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
=== Other Sources  ===
  
*[[Pine Bluff Artillery, Arkansas|Pine Bluff Artillery, Arkansas]]<br>The Pine Bluff Artillery was organized on April 27, 1861, at Pine Bluff, Jefferson County, Arkansas. Source: EDWARD G. GERDES, Arkansas Civil War Regiments, Rosters and Muster Rolls, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/stecks.html .11/22/2010. 2001 -copyright -The above information may be used for non-commercial historical and genealogical purposes only and with the consent of the page owner may be copied for the same purposes so long as this notice remains a part of the copied material. <br>
+
*[http://www.arkansascivilwar150.com/ Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission] web site has photos, a map showing locations of Civil War sites with links to more information about each, timeline, battles database, and a list of related links to other Internet sites.
  
*[[Arkansas Provost Guard|Arkansas Provost Guard]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
=== '''References'''  ===
  
*[[Unassigned Arkansas|Unassigned Arkansas]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
<references />  
  
*[[Villmont Town Militia, Arkansas|Villmont Town Militia, Arkansas]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. <br>
+
{{U.S. Civil War}}
  
*[[Volunteers, Arkansas Militia|Volunteers, Arkansas Militia]]<br>"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.<br>
+
{{featured article}}
  
 
[[Category:Arkansas_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]
 
[[Category:Arkansas_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Revision as of 17:53, 9 October 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png U.S. Civil War Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Military Records Gotoarrow.png Arkansas in the Civil War

During the Civil War, Arkansas raised more than 48,000 men for the Confederacy and more than 8,000 for the Union. Their records can be found in state records shown on this page, unit records which may be found on the military unit pages (see below for links), or country records. For ideas on how to begin searching for your Civil War ancestor, see Beginning United States Civil War Research.
Elkhorn Tavern in Pea Ridge, Arkansas Civil War Battlefield 7-8 March 1862

Introduction

In 1861, Arkansas was still rural with a small population. It seceded from the Union on 6 May 1861. Soldiers from Arkansas served in both the Confederate and Union armies, however most served in the Confederate forces in about 48 infantry regiments as well as cavalry, artillery and other units.[1] The United States War Department credited Arkansas with 8,289 white men who served in the Union Army.[2]

For additional information about the history of Arkansas in the Civil War, see the Wikipedia article, Arkansas in the American Civil War.

Battles

17 Civil War battles were fought in Arkansas. The following have information about these battles:

Arkansas Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, many were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of Arkansas Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.

Arkansas Units by Number or by Name
Confed. Units
1st-6th
7th-23rd
24th-63rd
A-E
F-M
N-Z

Arkansas Units by Type of Unit
Confed. Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Militia
State Troops
Other



Arkansas Units by Regiments, Battalions, and Companies
Confed. Units
Regiments
Battalions
Companies
Unkown Sizes





Arkansas Union Units by Number
Union Units
Union Units






Records and Resources

Indexes and the compiled military service records are available at the Family History Library and the National Archives.

  • USCT Headstones and Cemetery project in Arkansas by Tonia Holleman and Angela Walton-Raji E-mail: toniah904@aol.com
  • Pompey, Sherman Lee.Burial lists of members of Arkansas cavalry and infantry regiments in the Civil War. (Kingsburg, California: Pacific Specialties, 1972 FHL book 976.7 M2p


Union Records

Compiled Service Records
The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Union Service Records.
Pension records
  • An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.
Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas

Arkansas. Adjutant General's Office. Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas, for the period of the late rebellion, and to November 1, 1866, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1990).  Digital copy on Internet Archive.

Confederate Records

Compiled Service Records
The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Confederate Service Records.
Pension Records
  • Arkansas pension records for Confederate veterans are located at the Arkansas History Commission.
  • The Family History Library holds microfilm copies of Arkansas Confederate pension records, 1901-1929, on 121 films. The pensions are alphabetically arranged. (Family History Library Films beginning with 1722443)
  • Copies of individual pension records may be ordered from the Arkansas History Commission.

For more information on Arkansas pension records for Confederate soldiers, see Confederate Pension Records.

1911 Special Census

In 1911 a special census was taken of Confederate veterans. Returns are available for 40 of the 75 counties. All of these censuses are at the Arkansas Historical Commission, and most are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

  • Abstracts of the questionnaires have been published in Bobbie J. McLane and Capitola H. Gazner,Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans, Three Volumes. (N.p.: Arkansas Ancestors, 1977-1981. (Family History Library book 976.7 X2m; fiche 6019335.)
  • An Index to the Three Volumes, Arkansas 1911 Census of Confederate Veterans has been published by the same authors. (Family History Library 976.7 X2m index.)

Contraband Camps

The web site Last Road to Freedom has information on America's Civil War contrband camps.

Civil War Contraband Camps in Arkansas were located in Helena, Camp Deliverance, Camp Wood, Camp Colony, Pine Bluff and Little Rock.


Southern Claims Commission

If a Union sympathizer in Arkansas claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of the residents of all kinds in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described.

To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Arkansas counties during the Civil War see the Southern Claims Commission.

Other Sources

  • Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission web site has photos, a map showing locations of Civil War sites with links to more information about each, timeline, battles database, and a list of related links to other Internet sites.

References

  1. Wikipedia.org, Arkansas in the American Civil War, (accessed 16 March 2011].
  2. United States. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, (Washington, District of Columbia: Govt. Print. Office, 1880-1901), Series 3, Volume 4, page 1269. FHL book 973 M29u ser.3 v. 3, FHL film 845422.