Difference between revisions of "Arkansas History"

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The following important events in the history of Arkansas affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.
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{{Adoption ARGenWeb}} ''[[United States|[[Image:Devil's Den State Park CCC-ing thru the fog.jpg|thumb|right|350x250px|Devil's Den State Park CCC-ing thru the fog.jpg|<center>CCC Overlook in Devil's Den State Park, Arkansas</center>]][[Image:Village Creek State Park Wynne AR 55.jpg|thumb|right|350x250px|Village Creek State Park Wynne AR 55.jpg|<center>Trail of Tears, Village Creek State Park, Wynne, Arkansas</center>]]United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas_History|Arkansas History]]''
  
'''1686:&nbsp;''' The French established Arkansas Post, the first white settlement in what is now Arkansas. It was the administrative center for the French, Spanish, and United States governments until 1821 when Little Rock became the capital.
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The following important events in the history of [[Arkansas|Arkansas]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.  
  
'''1763'''<nowiki>:&amp;nbsp; France ceded the region to Spain.</nowiki>
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=== Timeline  ===
  
'''1800'''<nowiki>:&amp;nbsp; Spain officially returned the land to France, although Spanish occupancy continued until 1802.</nowiki>
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*'''1686:''' The French established [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=3 Arkansas Post], the first white settlement in what is now Arkansas. It was the administrative center for the French, Spanish, and United States governments until 1821 when Little Rock became the capital.
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*'''1763:''' France ceded the region to Spain.
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*'''1800:''' Spain officially returned the land to France, although Spanish occupancy continued until 1802.  
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*'''1803:''' The United States acquired the area that is now Arkansas with the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Louisiana.html Louisiana Purchase] and it became part of the Louisiana Territory.
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*'''1810:''' Osage and Quapaw ceded land.
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*'''1812-1819:''' Arkansas was part of Missouri Territory
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*'''1818:''' [http://arkarcheology.uark.edu/indiansofarkansas/index.html?pageName=The%20Quapaw%20Indians Quapaw Indians] give up lands between the Arkansas and Red Rivers to the United States
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*'''1812:''' The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missouri_Territory Missouri Territory] was established, including Arkansas in its boundaries. After the War of 1812 the Indian population decreased, and white settlers arrived to claim bounty land.
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*'''1813:''' The territorial legislature established Arkansas County.
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*'''2 March 1819:''' Arkansas became a separate territory.
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*'''1820:''' First Federal Census, all reported missing
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*'''1825-1826:''' Quapaw and Caddo removed to Red River Agency on Red River west of Arkansas.
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*'''1835:''' Most Indian tribes had been removed to Oklahoma.
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*'''15 June 1836:''' Arkansas became a state.
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*'''1837:''' Settlers from southern states began arriving.
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*'''1861:''' Arkansas seceded from the Union. It was readmitted in 1868.
  
'''1803:&nbsp;''' The United States acquired the area that is now Arkansas with the Louisiana Purchase and it became part of the Louisiana Territory.
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<br>
  
'''1812'''<nowiki>:&amp;nbsp; The Missouri Territory was established, including Arkansas in its boundaries. After the War of 1812 the Indian population decreased, and white settlers arrived to claim bounty land.</nowiki>
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=== Local Histories  ===
  
'''1813'''<nowiki>:&amp;nbsp; The territorial legislature established Arkansas County.</nowiki>
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*Clark, Georgia H. and Bruce R. Parham, ''Arkansas County and Local Histories: A Bibliography.'' Fayetteville, Arkansas: Mullins Library of the University of Arkansas, 1976. {{FHL|25813|item|disp=FHL book 976.7 H23c}}.
  
'''1819'''<nowiki>:&amp;nbsp; Arkansas became a separate territory.</nowiki>
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*Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985.) {{WorldCat|12356760|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; ({{FHL|299450|item|disp=FHL book 973 H23bi}}
  
'''1835:'''&nbsp; Most Indian tribes had been removed to Oklahoma
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*Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. {{WorldCat|315166|At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|252458|item|disp=FHL book 973 A3ka}}
  
'''1836:&nbsp;''' Arkansas became a state.
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=== State Histories  ===
  
'''1861:&nbsp;''' Arkansas seceded from the Union. It was readmitted in 1868.
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*Thomas, David Y., ed., ''Arkansas and Its People'', Four Volumes. New York, NY: American Historical Society, 1930. {{FHL|177565|item|disp=FHL book 976.7 H2t}}; {{FHL|177565|item|disp=FHL film 934821}} and {{FHL|177565|item|disp=FHL fiche 6051359}}.
  
A useful source for studying the history of Arkansas is David Y. Thomas, ed., ''Arkansas and Its People'', Four Volumes. (New York, NY: American Historical Society, 1930; FHL book 976.7 H2t; microfilm 934821; fiche 6051359).
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*{{FHL|344336|subject_id|disp=Arkansas History}} A list of books and microfilm particular to Arkansas history which are available through the Family History Library.
  
A brief bibliography of local histories of Arkansas is Georgia H. Clark and Bruce R. Parham, ''Arkansas County and Local Histories: A Bibliography'' (Fayetteville, Arkansas: Mullins Library of the University of Arkansas, 1976; FHL book 976.7 H23c).
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=== United States History  ===
  
'''Online Resources'''
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The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:
  
http://www.ark-ives.com/
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*Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) {{WorldCat|9392978|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}, {{FHL|531408|item|disp=FHL book 973 H2alm}}This book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  
http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/
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*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) {{WorldCat|2507380|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}, {{FHL|76529|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H2ad}}Includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
  
http://pirates.k12.ar.us/cre/labert/arkansas.htm<br>
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*Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, ''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) {{WorldCat|142893|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|280192|item|disp=FHL book 973 H2v}} Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
<!--{12077915861560} -->
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[[Category:Arkansas]]
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*American Historical Association, ''Writings on American History'' (Washington, D.C.:American Historical Association,1960-1960) {{WorldCat|1770230|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|244514|item|disp=FHL book 973 H23w}}Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ& Google Books]
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=== Family History Library  ===
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To access histories available through the Family History Library Catalog, use the Place-names Search for:
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 +
:ARKANSAS - HISTORY
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:ARKANSAS, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
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:ARKANSAS, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
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=== Online Resources  ===
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*[http://www.ark-ives.com/ Arkansas History Commission] and State Archives
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*[http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History &amp; Culture]
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*[http://www.historicarkansas.org/resources/ Resources] (Historic Arkansas Museum)
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Arkansas Wikipedia]

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[[United States|
CCC Overlook in Devil's Den State Park, Arkansas
Trail of Tears, Village Creek State Park, Wynne, Arkansas
United States]] Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Arkansas History

The following important events in the history of Arkansas affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.

Timeline

  • 1686: The French established Arkansas Post, the first white settlement in what is now Arkansas. It was the administrative center for the French, Spanish, and United States governments until 1821 when Little Rock became the capital.
  • 1763: France ceded the region to Spain.
  • 1800: Spain officially returned the land to France, although Spanish occupancy continued until 1802.
  • 1803: The United States acquired the area that is now Arkansas with the Louisiana Purchase and it became part of the Louisiana Territory.
  • 1810: Osage and Quapaw ceded land.
  • 1812-1819: Arkansas was part of Missouri Territory
  • 1818: Quapaw Indians give up lands between the Arkansas and Red Rivers to the United States
  • 1812: The Missouri Territory was established, including Arkansas in its boundaries. After the War of 1812 the Indian population decreased, and white settlers arrived to claim bounty land.
  • 1813: The territorial legislature established Arkansas County.
  • 2 March 1819: Arkansas became a separate territory.
  • 1820: First Federal Census, all reported missing
  • 1825-1826: Quapaw and Caddo removed to Red River Agency on Red River west of Arkansas.
  • 1835: Most Indian tribes had been removed to Oklahoma.
  • 15 June 1836: Arkansas became a state.
  • 1837: Settlers from southern states began arriving.
  • 1861: Arkansas seceded from the Union. It was readmitted in 1868.


Local Histories

  • Clark, Georgia H. and Bruce R. Parham, Arkansas County and Local Histories: A Bibliography. Fayetteville, Arkansas: Mullins Library of the University of Arkansas, 1976. FHL book 976.7 H23c.

State Histories

  • Arkansas History A list of books and microfilm particular to Arkansas history which are available through the Family History Library.

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2almThis book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2adIncludes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
  • Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H2v Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.

Family History Library

To access histories available through the Family History Library Catalog, use the Place-names Search for:

ARKANSAS - HISTORY
ARKANSAS, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
ARKANSAS, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY

Online Resources