Arizona in the Civil War

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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   Arizona   Gotoarrow.png   Arizona Military   Gotoarrow.png   Arizona in the Civil War

Arizona and New Mexico Territories 1863

Introduction

During the Civil War, the New Mexico Territory included New Mexico, Arizona, and the southern tip of Nevada. Arizona became its own territory in 1863 during the war. In 1861, Federal troops went east, which left white civilians unprotected from Indian attacks.[1]

The southern part of the New Mexico Territory, which was the Gadsen Purchase, sided with the Confederacy, while the northern section was Union.[1]  Arizona supplied 3 Confederate military units.

The Wikipedia article, New Mexico in the American Civil War, has more information about Arizona's activities during the war.

Records and Resources

Arizona soldiers served in both the Union and Confederate armies. The compiled military service records (Family History Library film 536241) and indexes (Family History Library film 821837) for the Confederacy are available at the Family History Library and the National Archives. You may also find the union soldiers listed in the New Mexico Territory Civil War Records (Family History Library films 471538-83) and index (Family History Library films 821883-6).

Union Records

Compiled Service Records - The Compiled Service Records ($) (Footnote.com) of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the Territory of New Mexico (included present day Arizona) are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Union Service and Pension Records.

Civil War Pension Index Cards

  • An index to the pensioners is on film at the Family History Library. (beginning with Family History Library film 540757)
  • An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Service and Pension Records.

Confederate Records

Compiled Service Records - The Compiled Service Records ($) (Footnote.com) of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the Territory of Arizona are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Confederate Service and Pension Records.

Arizona Military Units

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia contributors, New Mexico Territory in the American Civil War (accessed 21 July 2011]