Arizona Census

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Portal:United States Census >Arizona


1860-1920 Federal Censuses—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1860, 1870, 1880 (index only), 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census and except for 1880 and 1920 are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

1860 Federal Census--Arizona was included in the New Mexico census for 1860. The 1860 residents' names are published along with those listed in the 1864 and 1870 census enumerations (Family History Library book 979.1 X2pa; film 934829).

Historical Background

1848-1853--Mexico ceded the portion of Arizona north of the Gila River to the United States. This became part of New Mexico Territory in 1850.  In 1853, The Gadsden Purchase added the area south of Gila.

1863-1866--Arizona was organized as a separate territory.  The first four counties were organized in 1864.  In 1866, the northwestern part of Arizona Territory was transferred to the new state of Nevada.

1912--Arizona became a state.


1864, 1866, 1867, and 1869 Territorial Indexes--The Family History Library has indexes for these territorial censuses.

1870-1880 Indexes--Statewide indexes exist for 1860 through 1880 for mortality schedules.

  • Arizona 1860 Mortality Schedule, (Family History Library book 979.1 X22jm 1860)
  • Arizona 1870 Mortality Schedule, (Family History Library book 979.1 X2a 1870)
  • Arizona 1880 Mortality Schedule, (Family History Library book 979.1 X2a 1880)

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

1860-1880 Mortality Schedules-- Mortality schedules are available for Arizona. 

Territorial Censuses

1864, 1866, 1867, 1869, 1871, 1872, and 1882 Territorial censuses--Territorial censuses are available at the Department of Libraries, Archives and Public Records, although they are not all complete. The Family History Library has indexes for 1864, 1866, 1867, and 1869.

Web Sites


Heritage Quest Online:

Arizona State Library, Archives, and Public Records:

Mortality Schedules:


Arizona Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.