Argentina, National Census, 1869 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Title in the Language of the Records

Argentina, Censo de 1869

Collection Time Period

The First National Census of Argentina was performed on September 15, 16, and 17 of the year 1869.

Record Description

The census enumerations were recorded in registers with legal size papers in landscape orientation. Each book (libreto) is separated by a title page, which includes the name of the province, the section, and the type of population covered. It is followed by the enumeration sheets containing surname and names of the inhabitants, age, gender, and civil status, nationality, place of birth, occupation, literacy, and special conditions. At the end of each book (libretto) is a global summary page of the register.

Record Content

The census of 1869 includes the following information:

  • Name of the province
  • Name of the section or district
  • Type of population
  • Last name and given name
  • Age, gender, and civil status
  • Nationality and place of birth
  • Occupation
  • Literacy (ability to read and write)

Important genealogical information found in the 1869 census records include:

  • Place name
  • Names of inhabitants by place
  • Age, gender, and civil status at the time of the enumeration
  • The inhabitant’s nationality
  • Province of birth if Argentine
  • Type of occupation, profession, or means of life
  • Statistics summary of the special conditions, such as legitimacy, race, disabilities, students, and others

How to Use the Record

Patrons can get genealogical data, unavailable in other resources, for their ancestors living in Argentina in the year 1869.

Record History

The First National Census of the Argentine Republic was executed in the whole country simultaneously in three days in the month of September 1869, under the presidency of the nation’s then president Mr. Domingo F. Sarmiento. The country was divided in five areas: North, South, East, West, and the National Territories. Each area was divided into provinces and these in sections or districts (partidos); in some cases the barracks are mentioned. The city of Buenos Aires was divided in police sections (secciones de policía). The census enumeration registers were preserved well. The 1869 National Census of Argentina covers about 1,877,490 inhabitants.

Why the Record Was Created

The census of 1869 was created for demographic and statistical purposes in relation to the growth of the nation.

Patrons can get genealogical data, unavailable in other resources, for their ancestors living in Argentina in the year 1869.

Record Reliability

The data element listed in the census is of great value when civil or parish records are not available, it will permit the patron to find information unavailable elsewhere, which will help to continue research for an ancestor. The census records should be considered as a secondary source and used only when civil or church records are not available.

Known Issues with This Collection

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See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

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Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Argentina National Census, 1869,  Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Censos Nacionales de Población y económico social, 1869-1895. Primer Censo Nacional, 1869. Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires, Argentina. FHL microfilm, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found in This Collection

"Argentina National Census, 1869." index and images, FamilySearch ( accessed March 17, 2011). entry for Pablo Chavez, age 35; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 683,141; Archivo General De la Nacion, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.