Argentina, National Census, 1869 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Access the records: Argentina National Census, 1869 .
Title in the Language of the Record
Argentina, Censo de 1869
This Collection will include records for 1869.
The census enumerations were recorded in registers with legal size papers in landscape orientation. Each book (libreto) is separated by a title page, which includes the name of the province, the section, and the type of population covered. It is followed by the enumeration sheets containing surname and names of the inhabitants, age, gender, civil status, nationality, place of birth, occupation, literacy, and special conditions. At the end of each book is a global summary page of the register.
The First National Census of the Argentine Republic was executed in the whole country simultaneously in three days, September 15-17 of 1869, under the presidency of the nation’s then president Mr. Domingo F. Sarmiento. For the census, the country was divided into five areas: North, South, East, West, and the National Territories. Each area was divided into provinces, which were then divided into sections or districts (partidos); in some cases the barracks are also mentioned. The city of Buenos Aires was the only one divided into police sections (secciones de policía).
These census enumeration registers were well preserved. It was created for demographic and statistical purposes in relation to the growth of the nation.
This census covers about 1,800,000 inhabitants, but these records contain inaccuracies and should only be used when civil or church records are not available. The officials that wrote the census were ordinary civilians. Some were careless in spelling and wrote down phonetic versions of what they heard, so it is important to search for different spellings of your ancestors' names. The people were not required to provide proof for the information given (such as birth date and place), therefore some information may have been given from memory and may be wrong.
The original records can still be found at the Archivo General de la Nación in Buenos Aires.
For a list of localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- Comisión Directiva del Censo. Argentina National Census, 1869. Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires.
Important genealogical information found in the 1869 census records include:
- Name, age, gender, marital status and nationality
- Birth place (Province if Argentine)
- Statistical summary of the special conditions, such as legitimacy, race, disabilities, students, and others
How to Use the Record
To search this collection using the index:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
To browse this collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Provincia" category
⇒Select the "Departamento" category
⇒Select the "Poblacion, distrito, seccion, o cuartel" category which takes you to the images
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
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