Argentina, Capital Federal, Census, 1855 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Access the records: Argentina, Buenos Aires City Census, 1855 .

Title in the Language of the Records

Censo de 1855 de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Collection Time Period

This census of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, was performed on Wednesday, October 17, 1855.

Record Description

Each of the census registers is separated by a title page, which includes the name of the parish, the name or number of the ward, and the name or number of the block. It is followed by the enumeration sheets containing the following information in columns: Names and surnames of the inhabitants, relationship to the householder, civil status, gender, age, if the person knows how to read and write, place of birth, nationality, the length of time in the country if the person is a foreigner, and occupation or profession.

For a list of localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Record Content

The census of 1855 of the city of Buenos Aires includes the following information:

Argentina Buenos Aires 1855 Census.jpg
  • Name of the parish
  • Number or name of the barrack
  • Number or name of the block
  • Address, type of home, and how many floors
  • Complete names of individuals
  • Relationship to the householder
  • Civil status, gender, age, literacy (read and write)
  • Place of birth, country of nationality, and if a foreigner, the length of stay in the country
  • Occupation, profession, or employment

Important genealogical information found in the 1855 census of the city of Buenos Aires includes:

  • Locality and address
  • Names and surnames
  • Relationship, civil status, gender, age, and civil status
  • Place of birth
  • Nationality
  • Estimated year of arrival, if a foreigner

How to Use the Records

Patrons can get genealogical data, which may not be available in other resources, for their ancestors living in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, in the year 1855.

Record History

The census of 1855 for the city of Buenos Aires was conducted under the direction of the then Statistics Department (Mesa de Estadística), which was directed at the time by Justo Maeso. Authorization for the census was given in July 1855 by the then government council member Valentín Alsina. For the purpose of the census, the city of Buenos Aires was divided in twelve parishes: Montserrat, Catedral al Sud, Concepción, San Miguel, Catedral al Norte, San Nicolás, Piedad, Socorro, Balvanera, San Telmo, Barracas al Norte, and Pilar. Each parish was subdivided into barracks and blocks. The 1855 Census of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, covers about 92,000 inhabitants.

Why the Record Was Created

The Buenos Aires census of 1855 was created for demographic and statistical purposes.

Record Reliability

The data element listed in the census is of great value when civil or parish records are not available. It will permit the patron to find information unavailable elsewhere, which will help to continue research for an ancestor. The census records should be considered as a secondary source and used only when civil or church records are not available.

Known Issues with This Collection

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For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

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Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records. 

Argentina, Buenos Aires City Census, 1855.   Archivo General de la Nación Argentina. Argentina, Buenos Aires city census 1855. Archivo General de la Nación Argentina. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Utah.

Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found in This Collection

"Argentina, Buenos Aires City Census. 185," database and digital images,  FamilySearch  ( accessed 28 March 2012).  Ferranso Garcia; citing Censo de poblacion, 1855: Parroquia de Nuestra Senora del Pilar, Buenos Aires, Census of the parish of Nuestra Senora del Pilar of Buenos Aires for 1855. Archivo General de la Nacion, Argentina. FHL microfilm 1,154,369; Granite Mountain Record Vault INTL Film, Salt Lake City, Utah.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.