Apache Indians

From FamilySearch Wiki
Revision as of 18:28, 12 June 2011 by Jamestanner (talk | contribs) (Added Links)

Jump to: navigation, search
Apache Edward S Curtis Geronimo .jpg

See also Indians of Arizona, Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe), White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe), and Tonto Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)
To get started in American Indian Research

The Apache Tribe is primarily associated with Spanish Southwest and the states of Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma [1]. See the Bands and Groups below for at least a partial listing of federally-recognized the subdivisions of the tribe, with their locations and reservations. It is important to search for information in all of the possible jurisdictions.

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Apache

Linguistic Group: Athabascan

Cultural Group: Plains

Ancestral Homeland: Texas, Arizona and Mexico


Cochise, Geronimo, Victorio 

Apache Eastern: Lipan, Jicarilla, Mescalero, Chiricahua,and Kiowa Apache.

Apache Western: Chiricahua, Tonto, Pinal, Coyotero, Arivaipa, San Carlos,and White Mountain Apache

Population: 1990: 30,000

Tribal Headquarters

There is no single tribal headquarters for all parts of the Apache Indian Tribe in the United States. Each part of the tribe has their own tribal offices and headquarters. For information on those offices, see the individual pages for each part of the tribe.

Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)
White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)
San Carlos Apache Reservation, Arizona (Tribe)

The individual Apache Tribes have the following websites"

Nnee-San Carlos Apache
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
Mescalero Nation
White Mountain Apache Tribe
Chiricahua Apache Nde Nation Jicarilla Apache Nation
Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas
Yavapai Prescott Indian Tribe
Yavapai-Apache Nation
Tonto Apache Tribe


The Apache could not be suppressed by the Spanish or the Mexicans.

Brief Timeline

  • 1540: Francisdo Vasquez de Coronado's expedition
  • 1786: Presidio Ration Program, the Spanish distributed food and alcohol free to all Apache
  • 1835: Sonora post reward for Apache scalps
  • 1841: Jiarilla Apache deprived of land by a Mexican land grant
  • 1846: homeland became New Mexico Territory
  • 1848: Apache land ceded by Mexico to the United States
  • 1852 July 1, Treaty at Santa Fe
  • 1853 July 27,  Treaty at Fort Atkinson, with the Comanche and Kiowa
  • 1861: The Chiricahuz under leadership of Cochise went to war with the United States
  • The Coyotero and Lipan were nearly exterminated
  • 1861: Cochise mistakenly arrested, beginning the Apache Wars
  • 1863: The Mescalero surrendered
  • 1863: Treaty
  • 1864: The Territorial Legislature of Arizona passed a resolution legalizing the killing of all Apache people.
  • 1865 October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1865 October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1867] October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa andComanche
  • 1868: Jicarilla surrendered
  • 1870: Reservations established
  • 1871: White Mountain Reservation
  • 1871: Tularosa Reservation - Mimbreno Apache
  • 1871: 125 Aravaipa killed at Camp Grant
  • 1872: Cochise and the Chiricahua made peace with the United States. A number of Chiricahua led by Geronimo rejected peeace and left the reservations to raid.
  • 1873: Mescalero Reservation is established
  • 1874: Cochise dies
  • 1875: Tonto Apache moved to San Carlos Apache Reservation
  • 1875: Yavapai Apache(1,000) settle on the San Carlos Reservation
  • 1876-1877: Chiricahua Apache Indians removed to San Carlos Agency
  • 1877: Removval of Geronimo's band of Chiricahua Apache Indians from Ojo Caliente, New Mexico Territory, to the San Carlos Indian Agency, Arizona Territory.
  • 1877: Mimbreno Apache forced to move to San Carlos Reservation
  • 1886: Geronimo surrendered
  • 1887: a group of children sent to Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania
  • 1887: Jicarilla Reservation established
  • 1890's: Government mission schools established
  • 1897: White Mountain Reservation is divided into Fort Apache and San Carlos Reservations
  • 1903: Fort McDowell Reservation - Yavapai Apache
  • 1907: Jicarilla Reservation enlarged
  • 1913: Chiricahua Apache resettle on Mescalero Reservation
  • 1914: land near Camp Verde, Arizona is reserved for the Yavapai and Tonto Apache
  • 1937: Jicarilla Apache - constitution
  • 1938: White Mountain Apache - constitution

Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Apache tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.


Bands and Groups of the Tribe and Their Reservations

Apache Tribe of Oklahoma

Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma

Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico (formerly Jicarilla Apache Tribe) -- Jicarilla Apache Reservation

Mescalero Apache Tribe -- Mescalero Reservation (New Mexico)

San Carlos Apache Tribe -- San Carlos Reservation (Arizona)

Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona

White Mountain Apache Tribe -- Fort Apache Reservation (Arizona)

Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)



San Carlos Agency

Correspondence and Census

  • Agency records, 1892-1947 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency
  • Census, birth and death records, 1932-1937 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Phoenix Agency
  • Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries Deveney, Sam
  • Index to Sam Devenney's Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries, with death dates Follett, Paul, 1958-
  • The Fort Sill Apaches : their vital statistics, tribal origins, antecdents Griswold, Gillett
  • Indian census rolls, Camp McDowell, 1905-1909 and 1911-1912 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Indian census rolls, Camp Verde, 1915-1927 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Indian census rolls, Fort Apache, 1898-1939 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Kiowa Indian census, 1904-1915 United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency
  • Kiowa, Comanche, Apache & Ft. Sill Apache Indian census at Kiowa Agency, Oklahoma Territory, 1926-1936 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency
  • Kiowa, Comanche, Apache & Ft. Sill Apache Indian vital records at Kiowa Agency, Oklahoma Territory, 1924-1937 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Fort Sill Apache, Wichita, Caddo and Delaware Indians: birth and death rolls, 1924-1932 Bowen, Jeff, 1950-
  • Miscellaneous census records, 1904-1942 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Fort Apache Agency
  • Rolls of Indian tribes in Oklahoma 1889-1891: Absentee Shawnee (Big Jim's Band), Cheyenne and Arapahoe [sic], Iowa, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Otoe [sic] and Missouria [sic], Pawnee, Ponca, Pottawatomie [sic], Citizen Pottawatomie [sic] (Big Jim's Band), Sac [sic] and Fox Johnson, Emily
  • So lingers memory : inventories of Fort Sill, OK, cemeteries--Main Post, Apache Indian, Old Fort Reno, Comanche Indian and Comanche Mission Cemeteries, 1869-1985 Murphy, Polly Lewis, 1915-1993
  • Apache mothers and daughters: four generations of a family Boyer, Ruth McDonald
  • Apache genealogical research: a beginners guide Stout, Terri Lynn
  • The Tumacacori census of 1796 Whiting, Alfred F
  • Apache, Caddo, Kiowa & Wichita Indian: census rolls Indian Territory 1900-1904 Millican, Valorie

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Roll 962

 Roll Number


Film Number

Post-1885 Census M595 RG 75 Roll 693

Roll Number


Film Number

Apache Kiowa Agency,1881-1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-223 FHL 5766900-576912
Apache Fort Apache Agency, 1875-1955

WashingtonD.C.and Los Angeles

- - - -
Apache Phoenix Area Office, 1928-37 Washington D.C. and Los Angeles - - Rolls 344-346 -
Apache Truxton Canyon Agency 1895-1951 Los Angeles - - Roll 581 -
Apache San Carlos Agency, 1900-52 Los Angeles - - Rolls 461-470 -
Apache Jicarilla

Abiquiu and Cimarron Agencies, 1869-82

Jicarilla Agency, 1890-1942

Mescalero Agency, 1874-1942






Rolls 543-545

Rolls 197-198

FHL 576885-576887
Apache Kiowa Upper Platte Agency,1846-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-096 - - -
Apache Kiowa Uper Arkansas Agency, 1855-67 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - - -
Apache Kiowa

Kiowa Agency /

Anadarko, 1864-80

Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-223 FHL 576900-576912
Apache Mescalero Mescalero, 1874-1946 Denver - - Rolls 254-256 FHL 579664-579666
Apache Mojave Camp McDowell (Pima) Agency,1901-51 Washington D.C. - - Roll 15 FHL 573861
Apache White Mountain

Fort Apache Agency,1875-1955

Washington D.C. and Los Angeles

- - Rolls 118-125 FHL 576473-576480
Apache Chiricahua Arizona Superintendency, 1863-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache, Coyotero

New Mexico Superintendency, to 1877

- Rolls 546-82 - - -
Apache, Coyotero

Arizona Superintendency,1877-80

- Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache,Lipan Texas Agency, 1847-59 Washington D.C. Rolls 858-61 - - -
Apache, Lipan Central Superintendencey, 1876-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 67-70 - - -
Apache, Mimbreno New Mexico Superintendency, to 1877 Washington D.C. Rolls 546-82 - - -
Apache, Mimbreno Arizona Superintendency, 1877-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache, Mogollon New Mexico Superintendency, t0 1877 Washington D.C. Rolls 546-72 - _ -
Apache, Mogollon

Arizona Superintendency,1877-80

Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache,-Mojave Camp McDowell (pima Agency) 1901-51 Los Angeles - - Roll 15 FHL 573861
Apache-Mojave Phoenix Area Office, 1907-74 Los Angeles - - Rolls 344-45 -


  • 1852 July 1, at Santa Fe
  • 1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson, with the Comanche and Kiowa
  • 1865 October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1865 October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1867 October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa andComanche

Vital Records

Important Web Sites

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Apache


  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online



  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL book FHL 970.1 C197p
  • Goodin, Kenneth, Alphabetical inventories of Indian cemeteries in Comanche County, Oklahoma FHL 970.1 G619 '
  • Edmunds, R. David. American Indian Leaders: Studies in Diversity. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980. FHL 970.1 Am35
  • Bourke, John Gregory. An Apache Campaign in the Sierra Madre; An Account of the Expedition in Pursuit of the Hostile Chiricahua Apaches in the Spring of 1883. New York: Scribner, 1958. FHL 1009057 Item 3
  • Forbes, Jack D. Apache, Navaho, and Spaniard. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. FHL 970.1 F744
  • Doherty, Craig A., and Katherine M. Doherty. The Apaches and Navajos. New York: F. Watts, 1989. FHL 970.3 Ap11
  • Capes-Altom, Mila, Beneath his wings : Indian cemeteries in Anadarko, Oklahoma. FHL 976.641/A2 V3
  • Stringfield, Thomas. Captured by the Apaches; Forty Years with This Savage Band of Indians. Hamilton, Texas: Herald print, 1911. FHL 973742 Item 3
  • Thomas, Alfred Barnaby. Forgotten Frontiers; A Study of the Spanish Indian Policy of Don Juan Bautista De Anza, Governor of New Mexico, 1777-1787; from the Original Documents in the Archives of Spain, Mexico and New Mexico. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932. FHL 970.1 T361
  • Colvin, Verna Rae. The Garden and How It Grew: Eden, 1881-1981. Eden, Ariz: V.R. Colvin, 1981. FHL 979.154/E1 H2
  • Goodin, Barbara. Indian Research and History: With Biographies, Book Reviews & Cemeteries. Lawton, Okla: B. Goodin, 2009. FHL 970.1 G619


  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published