Difference between revisions of "Apache Indians"

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The Apache Tribe is primarily associated with Spanish Southwest and the state of Oklahoma<ref>Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 [http://www.thepeoplespaths.net/lists/FederallyRecognized2002.pdf Available online]</ref>. See the Bands and Groups below for at least a partial listing of federally-recognized the subdivisions of the tribe, with their locations and reservations.  
 
The Apache Tribe is primarily associated with Spanish Southwest and the state of Oklahoma<ref>Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 [http://www.thepeoplespaths.net/lists/FederallyRecognized2002.pdf Available online]</ref>. See the Bands and Groups below for at least a partial listing of federally-recognized the subdivisions of the tribe, with their locations and reservations.  

Revision as of 16:12, 13 October 2010

Apache Edward S Curtis Geronimo .jpg

To get started in American Indian Research

The Apache Tribe is primarily associated with Spanish Southwest and the state of Oklahoma[1]. See the Bands and Groups below for at least a partial listing of federally-recognized the subdivisions of the tribe, with their locations and reservations.

Linguistic Group:  Athabascan

Cultural Group: Plains

Ancestral Homeland: Texas, Arizona and Mexico

Leaders: Cochise, Geronimo

Apache Eastern: Lipan, Jicarilla, Mescalero, Chiricahua, and Kiowa Apache. 

Apache Western: Chiricahua, Tonto, Pinal, Coyotero, Arivaipa, San Carlos, and White Mountain Apache

Population: 1990: 30,000


Tribal Headquarters

There is no single tribal headquarters for all parts of the Apache Indian Tribe in the United States. Each part of the tribe has their own tribal offices and headquarters. For information on those offices, see the individual pages for each part of the tribe. .


History

The Apache could not be suppressed by the Spanish or the Mexicans.

Brief Timeline

Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Apache tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.


  • 1540: Francisdo Vasquez de Coronado's expedition
  • 1786: Presidio Ration Program, the Spanish distributed food and alcohol free to all Apache
  • 1835: Sonora post reward for Apache scalps
  • 1841: Jiarilla Apache deprived of land by a Mexican land grant
  • 1846: homeland became New Mexico Territory
  • 1848: Apache land ceded by Mexico to the United States
  • 1852: Treaty
  • 1853: Treaty
  • 1861: The Chiricahuz under leadership of Cochise went to war with the United States
  • The Coyotero and Lipan were nearly exterminated
  • 1863: The Mescalero surrendered
  • 1863: Treaty
  • 1864: The Territorial Legislature of Arizona passed a resolution legalizing the killing of all Apache people.
  • 1867: Treaty
  • 1868: Jicarilla surrendered
  • 1870: Reservations established
  • 1871: White Mountain Reservation
  • 1871: Tularosa Reservation - Mimbreno Apache
  • 1872: Cochise and the Chiricahua made peace with the United States. A number of Chiricahua led by Geronimo rejected peeace and left the reservations to raid.
  • 1873: Mescalero Reservation is established
  • 1874: Cochis dies
  • 1875: Tonto Apache moved to San Carlos Apache Reservation
  • 1875: Yavapai Apache(1,000) settle on the San Carlos Reservation
  • 1877: Mimbreno Apache forced to move to San Carlos Reservation
  • 1886: Geronimo surrendered
  • 1887: a group of children sent to Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania
  • 1887: Jicarilla Reservation established
  • 1890's: Government mission schools established
  • 1897: White Mountain Reservation is divided into Fort Apache and San Carlos Reservations
  • 1903: Fort DcDowell Reservation - Yavapai Apache
  • 1907: Jicarilla Reservation enlarged
  • 1913: Chiricahua Apache resettle on Mescalero Reservation
  • 1914: land near Camp Verde, Arizona is reserved for the Yavapai and Tonto Apache
  • 1937: Jicarilla Apache - constitution
  • 1938: White Mountain Apache - constitution

Reservations

Arizona:  Camp Verde, Fort Apache, White Mountain, San Carrlos

New Mexico:  Fort Sill

Oklahoma: Anadarko

Apaceh/Kiowa - Federal Trust land

Apache/Mojave/Yavapai - Fort McDowell

Apache/Yavapai - Camp Verde

Arapaho/ Shoshone - Wind River

Apache/Yavapai - Payson Community


Bands and Groups of the Tribe and Their Reservations

Apache Tribe of Oklahoma

Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma

Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico (formerly Jicarilla Apache Tribe) -- Jicarilla Apache Reservation

Mescalero Apache Tribe -- Mescalero Reservation (New Mexico)

San Carlos Apache Tribe -- San Carlos Reservation (Arizona)

Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona

White Mountain Apache Tribe -- Fort Apache Reservation (Arizona)

Yavapai-Apache Nation -- Camp Verde Reservation (Arizona)

Records

Agency

San Carlos Agency

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Roll 962

 Roll Number

FHL 

Film Number

Post-1885 Census M595 RG 75 Roll 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Apache Kiowa Agency,                    1881-1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-223 5766900-576912
Apache Fort Apache                     Agency, 1875-1955

WashingtonD.C.  and Los Angeles

- - - -
Apache Phoenix Area Office,              1928-37 Washington D.C. and Los Angeles - - Rolls 344-346 -
Apache Truxton Canyon                  Agency 1895-1951 Los Angeles - - Roll 581 -
Apache San Carlos Agency,             1900-52 Los Angeles - - Rolls 461-470 -
Apache Jicarilla

Abiquiu and Cimarron     Agencies, 1869-82

Jicarilla Agency,                 1890-1942

Mescalero Agency,            1874-1942

Denver

-


-

 

 

Rolls 543-545


Rolls 197-198

576885-576887
Apache Kiowa Upper Platte             Agency,1846-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-096 - - -
Apache Kiowa Uper Arkansas                Agency, 1855-67 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - - -
Apache Kiowa

Kiowa Agency /

Anadarko, 1864-80

Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-223 576900-576912
Apache Mescalero Mescalero Agency,               1874-1946 Denver - - Rolls 254-256 579664-579666
Apache Mojave Camp McDowell                 (Pima) Agency, 1901-51 Washington D.C. - - Roll 15 573861
Apache White Mountain

Fort Apache          Agency, 1875-1955

Washington D.C. and Los Angeles

- - Rolls 118-125 576473-576480
Apache Chiricahua Arizona            Superintendency,                 1863-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache, Coyotero

New Mexico Superintendency,                    to 1877

- Rolls 546-82 - - -
Apache, Coyotero

Arizona                 Superintendency, 1877-80

- Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache,Lipan Texas Agency, 1847-59 Washington D.C. Rolls 858-61 - - -
Apache, Lipan Central Superintendencey, 1876-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 67-70 - - -
Apache, Mimbreno New Mexico Superintendency, to 1877 Washington D.C. Rolls 546-82 - - -
Apache, Mimbreno Arizona Superintendency, 1877-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache, Mogollon New Mexico Superintendency, t0 1877 Washington D.C. Rolls 546-72 - _ -
Apache, Mogollon

Arizona Superintendency,1877-80

Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache,-Mojave Camp McDowell (pima Agency) 1901-51 Los Angeles - - Roll 15 573861
Apache-Mojave Phoenix Area Office, 1907-74 Los Angeles - - Rolls 344-45 -

Treaties

  •  1852 July 1, at Santa Fe
  •  1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson, with the Comanche and Kiowa
  •  1865 October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  •  1865 October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  •  1867 October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa andComanche

Vital Records

  • Kiowa Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 576909, 1930-1936 FHL film: 576911
  • Truxton Canon Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1939, FHL Film: 583040
  • Jicarilla Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1929, FHL Film: 576887

Important Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Apache

References

  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online

Bibliography

Apache

  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL book 970.1 C197p

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published