Difference between revisions of "Apache Indians"

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[[Image:Apache Edward S Curtis Geronimo .jpg|thumb|right]]  
 
[[Image:Apache Edward S Curtis Geronimo .jpg|thumb|right]]  
  
See also [[Indians of Arizona]]''<br>To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]''
+
See also [[Indians of Arizona]], [[Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)]], [[White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)]], and [[Tonto Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)]]<br>To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]  
  
 
The Apache Tribe is primarily associated with Spanish Southwest and the states of Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma <ref>Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 [http://www.thepeoplespaths.net/lists/FederallyRecognized2002.pdf Available online]</ref>. See the Bands and Groups below for at least a partial listing of federally-recognized the subdivisions of the tribe, with their locations and reservations. It is important to search for information in all of the possible jurisdictions.  
 
The Apache Tribe is primarily associated with Spanish Southwest and the states of Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma <ref>Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 [http://www.thepeoplespaths.net/lists/FederallyRecognized2002.pdf Available online]</ref>. See the Bands and Groups below for at least a partial listing of federally-recognized the subdivisions of the tribe, with their locations and reservations. It is important to search for information in all of the possible jurisdictions.  
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'''Ancestral Homeland:''' Texas, Arizona and Mexico  
 
'''Ancestral Homeland:''' Texas, Arizona and Mexico  
  
=== Leaders: [http://cochisechief.blogspot.com Cochise], [http://geronimochief.blogspot.com Geronimo], Victorio&nbsp;  ===
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=== Leaders: ===
 +
 
 +
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mangas_Coloradas Mangas Coloradas], [http://cochisechief.blogspot.com Cochise], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juh Juh], [http://geronimochief.blogspot.com Geronimo], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorio Victorio]
  
 
'''Apache Eastern:'''&nbsp;Lipan, Jicarilla, Mescalero, Chiricahua,and Kiowa Apache.  
 
'''Apache Eastern:'''&nbsp;Lipan, Jicarilla, Mescalero, Chiricahua,and Kiowa Apache.  
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'''Population:''' 1990: 30,000  
 
'''Population:''' 1990: 30,000  
  
<br>
+
=== [[Image:White_Mountain_Apache_Tribe.jpg|right|200x200px]]Tribal Headquarters  ===
 
 
== Tribal Headquarters  ==
 
  
 
There is no single tribal headquarters for all parts of the Apache Indian Tribe in the United States. Each part of the tribe has their own tribal offices and headquarters. For information on those offices, see the individual pages for each part of the tribe.  
 
There is no single tribal headquarters for all parts of the Apache Indian Tribe in the United States. Each part of the tribe has their own tribal offices and headquarters. For information on those offices, see the individual pages for each part of the tribe.  
  
[[Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)|Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)]]<br>[[White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)]]<br>[[San Carlos Apache Reservation, Arizona (Tribe)]]<br>
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[[Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)|Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)]]<br>[[White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)]]<br>[[San Carlos Apache Reservation, Arizona (Tribe)]]<br>  
  
 
The individual Apache Tribes have the following websites"  
 
The individual Apache Tribes have the following websites"  
  
[http://www.sancarlosapache.com/home.htm Nnee-San Carlos Apache]<br>[http://www.ftmcdowell.org/ Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation]<br>[http://www.mescaleroapache.com/ Mescalero Nation]<br>[http://www.wmat.nsn.us/ White Mountain Apache Tribe]<br>[http://www.chiricahuaapache.org/ Chiricahua Apache Nde Nation] [http://www.jicarillaonline.com/ Jicarilla Apache Nation]<br>[http://www.lipanapache.org/ Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas]<br>[http://www.ypit.com/ Yavapai Prescott Indian Tribe]<br>[http://yavapai-apache.org/ Yavapai-Apache Nation]<br>[http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_tonto.html Tonto Apache Tribe]  
+
[http://www.sancarlosapache.com/home.htm Nnee-San Carlos Apache]<br>[http://www.ftmcdowell.org/ Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation]<br>[http://www.mescaleroapache.com/ Mescalero Nation]<br>[http://www.wmat.nsn.us/ White Mountain Apache Tribe]<br>[http://www.chiricahuaapache.org/ Chiricahua Apache Nde Nation] [http://www.jicarillaonline.com/ Jicarilla Apache Nation]<br>[http://www.lipanapache.org/ Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas]<br>[http://www.ypit.com/ Yavapai Prescott Indian Tribe]<br>[http://yavapai-apache.org/ Yavapai-Apache Nation]<br>[http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_tonto.html Tonto Apache Tribe]
 +
 
 +
=== History  ===
  
== History  ==
+
*[http://www.nanations.com/linguistic/athapascan_family.htm Native American Nations, Your Source for Indian Research]
 +
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/apache/origin_distribution_apache_indians.htm Access Genealogy: Origin and Distribution of Apache Indians]
 +
*Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology: [Bulletin]. Washington: G.P.O., 1887. {{WorldCat|15799566}}
 +
*Pilling, James Constantine. Bibliography of the Athapascan Languages. Washington: [s.n.], 1892. {{WorldCat|433075528}}
  
 
The Apache could not be suppressed by the Spanish or the Mexicans.  
 
The Apache could not be suppressed by the Spanish or the Mexicans.  
  
== Brief Timeline  ==
+
=== Brief Timeline  ===
  
 
*1540: Francisdo Vasquez de Coronado's expedition  
 
*1540: Francisdo Vasquez de Coronado's expedition  
 
*1786: Presidio Ration Program, the Spanish distributed food and alcohol free to all Apache  
 
*1786: Presidio Ration Program, the Spanish distributed food and alcohol free to all Apache  
 
*1835: Sonora post reward for Apache scalps  
 
*1835: Sonora post reward for Apache scalps  
*1841: '''Jiarilla Apache '''deprived of land by a Mexican land grant  
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*1841: [[Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico|Jicarilla Apache]]'''[[Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico|Jicarilla Apache Nation]] '''deprived of land by a Mexican land grant  
 
*1846: homeland became New Mexico Territory  
 
*1846: homeland became New Mexico Territory  
 
*1848: Apache land ceded by Mexico to the United States  
 
*1848: Apache land ceded by Mexico to the United States  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0598.htm 1852] July 1, Treaty at Santa Fe  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0598.htm 1852] July 1, Treaty at Santa Fe  
*1853 July 27,&nbsp; Treaty at Fort Atkinson, with the Comanche and Kiowa  
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*1853 July 27,&nbsp; Treaty at Fort Atkinson, with the Comanche and [[Kiowa Indians|Kiowa]]
 
*1861: The '''Chiricahuz''' under leadership of Cochise went to war with the United States  
 
*1861: The '''Chiricahuz''' under leadership of Cochise went to war with the United States  
 
*The '''Coyotero''' and '''Lipan''' were nearly exterminated  
 
*The '''Coyotero''' and '''Lipan''' were nearly exterminated  
 
*1861: Cochise mistakenly arrested, beginning the Apache Wars  
 
*1861: Cochise mistakenly arrested, beginning the Apache Wars  
*1863: The Mescalero surrendered  
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*1863: The [[Mescalero Apache Tribe|Mescalero]] surrendered  
 
*1863: Treaty  
 
*1863: Treaty  
 
*1864: The Territorial Legislature of Arizona passed a resolution legalizing the killing of all Apache people.  
 
*1864: The Territorial Legislature of Arizona passed a resolution legalizing the killing of all Apache people.  
*1865 October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho  
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*1865 October 14, with the [[Cheyenne Indians|Cheyenne]] and Arapaho  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0891.htm 1865] October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0891.htm 1865] October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho  
*1867] October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa andComanche
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*1867] October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa and [[Comanche Indians|Comanche]]
 
*1868:&nbsp;'''Jicarilla''' surrendered  
 
*1868:&nbsp;'''Jicarilla''' surrendered  
 
*1870: Reservations established  
 
*1870: Reservations established  
*1871: '''White Mountain '''Reservation  
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*1871: [[White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Reservation)|White Mountain Reservation]]
*1871: '''Tularosa Reservation '''- Mimbreno Apache  
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*1871: Tularosa Reservation- Mimbreno Apache  
 
*1871: 125 '''Aravaipa''' killed at Camp Grant  
 
*1871: 125 '''Aravaipa''' killed at Camp Grant  
 
*1872: Cochise and the Chiricahua made peace with the United States. A number of Chiricahua led by Geronimo rejected peeace and left the reservations to raid.  
 
*1872: Cochise and the Chiricahua made peace with the United States. A number of Chiricahua led by Geronimo rejected peeace and left the reservations to raid.  
*1873: '''Mescalero Reservation '''is established  
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*1873: Mescalero Reservation is established  
 
*1874: Cochise dies  
 
*1874: Cochise dies  
*1875: Tonto Apache moved to San Carlos Apache Reservation  
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*1875: Tonto Apache moved to [[San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, Arizona (Reservation)|San Carlos Apache Reservation]]
*1875: Yavapai Apache(1,000) settle on the '''San Carlos Reservation'''
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*1875: Yavapai Apache(1,000) settle on the San Carlos Reservation  
 
*1876-1877: Chiricahua Apache Indians removed to San Carlos Agency  
 
*1876-1877: Chiricahua Apache Indians removed to San Carlos Agency  
*1877: Removval of Geronimo's band of Chiricahua Apache Indians from Ojo Caliente, New Mexico Territory, to the San Carlos Indian Agency, Arizona Territory.  
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*1877: Removal of Geronimo's band of Chiricahua Apache Indians from Ojo Caliente, New Mexico Territory, to the San Carlos Indian Agency, Arizona Territory.  
 
*1877: Mimbreno Apache forced to move to San Carlos Reservation  
 
*1877: Mimbreno Apache forced to move to San Carlos Reservation  
 
*1886: Geronimo surrendered  
 
*1886: Geronimo surrendered  
 
*1887: a group of children sent to Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania  
 
*1887: a group of children sent to Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania  
*1887: '''Jicarilla Reservation '''established  
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*1887: Jicarilla Reservation established  
 
*1890's: Government mission schools established  
 
*1890's: Government mission schools established  
*1897: '''White Mountain Reservation '''is divided into Fort Apache and San Carlos Reservations  
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*1897: [[White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Reservation)|White Mountain Reservationis]] divided into Fort Apache and San Carlos Reservations  
*1903: '''Fort McDowell Reservation '''- Yavapai Apache  
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*1903: [[Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona (Reservation)|Fort McDowell Reservation]]- Yavapai Apache  
 
*1907: Jicarilla Reservation enlarged  
 
*1907: Jicarilla Reservation enlarged  
 
*1913: Chiricahua Apache resettle on Mescalero Reservation  
 
*1913: Chiricahua Apache resettle on Mescalero Reservation  
*1914: land near '''Camp Verde''', Arizona is reserved for the Yavapai and Tonto Apache  
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*1914: land near Camp Verde, Arizona is reserved for the Yavapai and Tonto Apache  
 
*1937: Jicarilla Apache - constitution  
 
*1937: Jicarilla Apache - constitution  
 
*1938: White Mountain Apache - constitution
 
*1938: White Mountain Apache - constitution
  
== Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands  ==
+
=== Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands  ===
  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/apache/apachehist.htm history of the&nbsp;Apache tribe], with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/apache/apachehist.htm history of the&nbsp;Apache tribe], with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.  
  
== Reservations  ==
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=== Reservations  ===
  
 
*Mescalero Reservation  
 
*Mescalero Reservation  
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*Oklahoma: Anadarko  
 
*Oklahoma: Anadarko  
 
*Apache/Kiowa - Federal Trust land  
 
*Apache/Kiowa - Federal Trust land  
*Apache/Mojave/Yavapai - Fort McDowell  
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*Apache/Mojave/Yavapai - [[Fort_McDowell_Yavapai_Nation,_Arizona_(Reservation)|Fort McDowell]]
 
*Apache/Yavapai - Camp Verde  
 
*Apache/Yavapai - Camp Verde  
*Arapaho/ Shoshone - Wind River
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*Arapaho/ Shoshone - [[Wind_River_Indian_Reservation_(Wyoming)|Wind River]]
 
 
== Bands and Groups of the Tribe and Their Reservations  ==
 
 
 
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
 
 
 
[[Fort Sill Apache Tribe, Oklahoma|Fort Sill Apache]] Tribe of Oklahoma
 
 
 
[[Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico|Jicarilla Apache Nation]], New Mexico (formerly Jicarilla Apache Tribe) -- Jicarilla Apache Reservation
 
 
 
[[Mescalero Apache Tribe|Mescalero Apache Tribe]] -- Mescalero Reservation (New Mexico)
 
 
 
[[San Carlos Apache Tribe, Arizona|San Carlos Apache Tribe]] -- [[San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation (Arizona)|San Carlos Reservation]] (Arizona)
 
  
[[Tonto Apache Tribe, Arizona|Tonto Apache Tribe]] of Arizona
+
=== Bands and Groups of the Tribe and Their Reservations  ===
  
[[White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona|White Mountain Apache Tribe]] -- [[Fort Apache Indian Reservation (Arizona)|Fort Apache Reservation]] (Arizona)  
+
*[[Fort Sill Apache Tribe, Oklahoma|Fort Sill Apache]] Tribe of Oklahoma
 +
*[[Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico|Jicarilla Apache Nation]], New Mexico (formerly Jicarilla Apache Tribe) -- Jicarilla Apache Reservation
 +
*[[Mescalero Apache Tribe|Mescalero Apache Tribe]] -- Mescalero Reservation (New Mexico)
 +
*[[San Carlos Apache Tribe, Arizona|San Carlos Apache Tribe]] -- [[San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation (Arizona)|San Carlos Reservation]] (Arizona)
 +
*[[Tonto Apache Tribe, Arizona|Tonto Apache Tribe]] of Arizona
 +
*[[White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona|White Mountain Apache Tribe]] -- [[Fort Apache Indian Reservation (Arizona)|Fort Apache Reservation]] (Arizona)  
 +
*[[Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)|Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)]]
  
[[Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)|Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)]]
+
=== Records  ===
  
== Records ==
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=== Agency ===
  
== Agency ==
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[[San_Carlos_Apache_Indian_Agency_(Arizona)|San Carlos Agency]]
  
San Carlos Agency
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=== Correspondence and Census  ===
 
 
== Correspondence and Census  ==
 
  
 
*Agency records, 1892-1947 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency  
 
*Agency records, 1892-1947 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency  
*Census, birth and death records, 1932-1937 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Phoenix Agency  
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*Census, birth and death records, 1932-1937 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. [[Phoenix_Indian_Agency_(Arizona)|Phoenix Agency]]
 
*Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries Deveney, Sam  
 
*Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries Deveney, Sam  
 
*Index to Sam Devenney's Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries, with death dates Follett, Paul, 1958-  
 
*Index to Sam Devenney's Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries, with death dates Follett, Paul, 1958-  
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<br>
 
<br>
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
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! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
FHL
+
FHL  
  
 
Film Number
 
Film Number
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache  
 
| Apache  
| Kiowa Agency,1881-1962  
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| [[Kiowa_Indian_Agency_(Oklahoma)|Kiowa Agency]],1881-1962  
 
| Fort Worth  
 
| Fort Worth  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache  
 
| Apache  
| Fort Apache Agency, 1875-1955  
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| [[Fort_Apache_Indian_Agency_(Arizona)|Fort Apache Agency]], 1875-1955  
 
|  
 
|  
 
WashingtonD.C.and Los Angeles
 
WashingtonD.C.and Los Angeles
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache  
 
| Apache  
| Phoenix Area Office, 1928-37
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| Phoenix Area Office, 1928-1937
 
| Washington D.C. and Los Angeles  
 
| Washington D.C. and Los Angeles  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache  
 
| Apache  
| Truxton Canyon Agency 1895-1951  
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| [[Truxton_Canyon_Indian_Agency_(Arizona)|Truxton Canyon Agency]] 1895-1951  
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache  
 
| Apache  
| San Carlos Agency, 1900-52
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| San Carlos Agency, 1900-1952
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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Abiquiu and Cimarron Agencies, 1869-82  
 
Abiquiu and Cimarron Agencies, 1869-82  
  
Jicarilla Agency, 1890-1942  
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[[Jicarilla_Indian_Agency_(New_Mexico)|Jicarilla Agency]], 1890-1942  
  
Mescalero Agency, 1874-1942
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[[Mescalero_Indian_Agency_(New_Mexico)|Mescalero Agency]], 1874-1942
  
 
| Denver  
 
| Denver  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache Kiowa  
 
| Apache Kiowa  
| Upper Platte Agency,1846-55
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| [[Upper_Platte_Indian_Agency|Upper Platte Agency]],1846-1855
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 889-096  
 
| Rolls 889-096  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache Kiowa  
 
| Apache Kiowa  
| Uper Arkansas Agency, 1855-67
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| [[Upper_Arkansas_Indian_Agency|Upper Arkansas Agency]], 1855-1867
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 878-82  
 
| Rolls 878-82  
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Kiowa Agency /  
 
Kiowa Agency /  
  
Anadarko, 1864-80
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[[Anadarko_Indian_Agency_(Oklahoma)|Anadarko]], 1864-1880
  
 
| Washington D.C. and Fort Worth  
 
| Washington D.C. and Fort Worth  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache Mojave  
 
| Apache Mojave  
| Camp McDowell (Pima) Agency,1901-51
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| [[Camp_McDowell_Indian_Agency_(Arizona)|Camp McDowell]] (Pima) Agency,1901-1951
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache Chiricahua  
 
| Apache Chiricahua  
| Arizona Superintendency, 1863-80
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| [[Arizona_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|Arizona Superintendency]], 1863-1880
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 3-28  
 
| Rolls 3-28  
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| Apache, Coyotero  
 
| Apache, Coyotero  
 
|  
 
|  
New Mexico Superintendency, to 1877
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[[New_Mexico_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|New Mexico Superintendency]], to 1877
  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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| Apache, Coyotero  
 
| Apache, Coyotero  
 
|  
 
|  
Arizona Superintendency,1877-80
+
Arizona Superintendency,1877-1880
  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache,Lipan  
 
| Apache,Lipan  
| Texas Agency, 1847-59  
+
| [[Texas_Indian_Agency_(Texas)|Texas Agency]], 1847-59  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 858-61  
 
| Rolls 858-61  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache, Lipan  
 
| Apache, Lipan  
| Central Superintendencey, 1876-80
+
| [[Central_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|Central Superintendencey]], 1876-1880
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 67-70  
 
| Rolls 67-70  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache, Mimbreno  
 
| Apache, Mimbreno  
| Arizona Superintendency, 1877-80
+
| Arizona Superintendency, 1877-1880
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 3-28  
 
| Rolls 3-28  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache,-Mojave  
 
| Apache,-Mojave  
| Camp McDowell (pima Agency) 1901-51  
+
| Camp McDowell (Pima Agency) 1901-51  
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Apache-Mojave  
 
| Apache-Mojave  
| Phoenix Area Office, 1907-74  
+
| Phoenix [[Area_Offices_of_the_Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|Area Office]], 1907-74  
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| Los Angeles  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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|}
 
|}
  
== Treaties  ==
+
=== Treaties  ===
  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0598.htm 1852] July 1, at Santa Fe  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0598.htm 1852] July 1, at Santa Fe  
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*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0887.htm 1865] October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0887.htm 1865] October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0891.htm 1865] October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/apa0891.htm 1865] October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/kio0982.htm 1867] October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa andComanche
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/kio0982.htm 1867] October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa and Comanche
  
== Vital Records  ==
+
=== Vital Records  ===
  
*Kiowa Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1932, {{FHL|576909|Film}}, 1930-1936 {{FHL|576911 |}}
+
*Kiowa Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1932, {{FHL|576909|Film}}, 1930-1936 {{FHL|576911 |}}  
*Truxton Canon Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1939, {{FHL|583040 |Film }}
+
*Truxton Canon Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1939, {{FHL|583040 |Film }}  
*Jicarilla Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1929, {{FHL|576887|Film}}
+
*Jicarilla Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1929, {{FHL|576887|Film}}  
 
*Fort Sill Apache {{FHL|928251|Film}} item 8
 
*Fort Sill Apache {{FHL|928251|Film}} item 8
  
== Important Web Sites  ==
+
=== Important Web Sites  ===
  
 
{{Wikipedia|Apache}}  
 
{{Wikipedia|Apache}}  
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*[http://www.wmat.nsn.us/ White Mountain Apache Tribe] Official Website
 
*[http://www.wmat.nsn.us/ White Mountain Apache Tribe] Official Website
  
== References  ==
+
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />
  
== Bibliography  ==
+
=== Bibliography  ===
  
== Apache  ==
+
=== Apache  ===
  
 +
*Basso, Keith H. Wisdom Sits in Places: Landscape and Language Among the Western Apache. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1996. {{WorldCat|33333802}}
 +
*Bourke, John Gregory. An Apache Campaign in the Sierra Madre; An Account of the Expedition in Pursuit of the Hostile Chiricahua Apaches in the Spring of 1883. New York: Scribner, 1958. {{FHL|1009057 Item 3}}
 +
*Capes-Altom, Mila, Beneath his wings&nbsp;: Indian cemeteries in Anadarko, Oklahoma. {{FHL|976.641/A2 V3}}
 
*Carlson, Paul H. ''The Plains Indians''. College Station, Texas: Texas A&amp;M University Press, c1998. FHL book {{FHL|970.1 C197p}}  
 
*Carlson, Paul H. ''The Plains Indians''. College Station, Texas: Texas A&amp;M University Press, c1998. FHL book {{FHL|970.1 C197p}}  
*Goodin, Kenneth, ''Alphabetical inventories of Indian cemeteries in Comanche County, Oklahoma {{FHL|970.1 G619}} '''
+
*Colvin, Verna Rae. The Garden and How It Grew: Eden, 1881-1981. Eden, Ariz: V.R. Colvin, 1981. {{FHL|979.154/E1 H2}}
 +
*Doherty, Craig A., and Katherine M. Doherty. The Apaches and Navajos. New York: F. Watts, 1989. {{FHL|970.3 Ap11}}  
 
*Edmunds, R. David. American Indian Leaders: Studies in Diversity. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980. {{FHL|970.1 Am35}}  
 
*Edmunds, R. David. American Indian Leaders: Studies in Diversity. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980. {{FHL|970.1 Am35}}  
*Bourke, John Gregory. An Apache Campaign in the Sierra Madre; An Account of the Expedition in Pursuit of the Hostile Chiricahua Apaches in the Spring of 1883. New York: Scribner, 1958. {{FHL|1009057 Item 3}}
 
 
*Forbes, Jack D. Apache, Navaho, and Spaniard. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. {{FHL|970.1 F744}}  
 
*Forbes, Jack D. Apache, Navaho, and Spaniard. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. {{FHL|970.1 F744}}  
*Doherty, Craig A., and Katherine M. Doherty. The Apaches and Navajos. New York: F. Watts, 1989. {{FHL|970.3 Ap11}}  
+
*Goodin, Barbara. Indian Research and History: With Biographies, Book Reviews &amp; Cemeteries. Lawton, Okla: B. Goodin, 2009. {{FHL|970.1 G619}}  
*Capes-Altom, Mila, Beneath his wings&nbsp;: Indian cemeteries in Anadarko, Oklahoma. {{FHL|976.641/A2 V3}}  
+
*Goodin, Kenneth, ''Alphabetical inventories of Indian cemeteries in Comanche County, Oklahoma {{FHL|970.1 G619}} '''
 +
*Goodwin, Grenville. Myths and Tales of the White Mountain Apache. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1994. {{WorldCat|29702274}}
 +
*Griffin-Pierce, Trudy. Native Peoples of the Southwest. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2000. {{WorldCat|43757436}}
 +
*Griswold, Gillett. The Fort Sill Apaches: Their Vital Statistics, Tribal Origins, Antecedents. 1976. FHL Film 9282518
 +
*Haley, James. Apaches: A History and Culture Portrait. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997. {{WorldCat|6764029}}  
 
*Stringfield, Thomas. Captured by the Apaches; Forty Years with This Savage Band of Indians. Hamilton, Texas: Herald print, 1911. {{FHL|973742 Item 3}}  
 
*Stringfield, Thomas. Captured by the Apaches; Forty Years with This Savage Band of Indians. Hamilton, Texas: Herald print, 1911. {{FHL|973742 Item 3}}  
 
*Thomas, Alfred Barnaby. Forgotten Frontiers; A Study of the Spanish Indian Policy of Don Juan Bautista De Anza, Governor of New Mexico, 1777-1787; from the Original Documents in the Archives of Spain, Mexico and New Mexico. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932. {{FHL|970.1 T361}}  
 
*Thomas, Alfred Barnaby. Forgotten Frontiers; A Study of the Spanish Indian Policy of Don Juan Bautista De Anza, Governor of New Mexico, 1777-1787; from the Original Documents in the Archives of Spain, Mexico and New Mexico. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932. {{FHL|970.1 T361}}  
*Colvin, Verna Rae. The Garden and How It Grew: Eden, 1881-1981. Eden, Ariz: V.R. Colvin, 1981. {{FHL|979.154/E1 H2}}
+
*Worcester, Donald E. The Apaches: Eagles of the Southwest. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979. {{WorldCat|433230521}}
*Goodin, Barbara. Indian Research and History: With Biographies, Book Reviews &amp; Cemeteries. Lawton, Okla: B. Goodin, 2009. {{FHL|970.1 G619}}
 
  
 
== General  ==
 
== General  ==
Line 481: Line 484:
 
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
 
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]]
+
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 16:59, 12 June 2013

Apache Edward S Curtis Geronimo .jpg

See also Indians of Arizona, Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe), White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe), and Tonto Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)
To get started in American Indian Research

The Apache Tribe is primarily associated with Spanish Southwest and the states of Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma [1]. See the Bands and Groups below for at least a partial listing of federally-recognized the subdivisions of the tribe, with their locations and reservations. It is important to search for information in all of the possible jurisdictions.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Apache

Linguistic Group: Athabascan

Cultural Group: Plains

Ancestral Homeland: Texas, Arizona and Mexico

Leaders:

Mangas Coloradas, Cochise, Juh, Geronimo, Victorio

Apache Eastern: Lipan, Jicarilla, Mescalero, Chiricahua,and Kiowa Apache.

Apache Western: Chiricahua, Tonto, Pinal, Coyotero, Arivaipa, San Carlos,and White Mountain Apache

Population: 1990: 30,000

White Mountain Apache Tribe.jpg
Tribal Headquarters

There is no single tribal headquarters for all parts of the Apache Indian Tribe in the United States. Each part of the tribe has their own tribal offices and headquarters. For information on those offices, see the individual pages for each part of the tribe.

Yavapai-Apache Nation, Arizona (Tribe)
White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona (Tribe)
San Carlos Apache Reservation, Arizona (Tribe)

The individual Apache Tribes have the following websites"

Nnee-San Carlos Apache
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
Mescalero Nation
White Mountain Apache Tribe
Chiricahua Apache Nde Nation Jicarilla Apache Nation
Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas
Yavapai Prescott Indian Tribe
Yavapai-Apache Nation
Tonto Apache Tribe

History

The Apache could not be suppressed by the Spanish or the Mexicans.

Brief Timeline

  • 1540: Francisdo Vasquez de Coronado's expedition
  • 1786: Presidio Ration Program, the Spanish distributed food and alcohol free to all Apache
  • 1835: Sonora post reward for Apache scalps
  • 1841: Jicarilla ApacheJicarilla Apache Nation deprived of land by a Mexican land grant
  • 1846: homeland became New Mexico Territory
  • 1848: Apache land ceded by Mexico to the United States
  • 1852 July 1, Treaty at Santa Fe
  • 1853 July 27,  Treaty at Fort Atkinson, with the Comanche and Kiowa
  • 1861: The Chiricahuz under leadership of Cochise went to war with the United States
  • The Coyotero and Lipan were nearly exterminated
  • 1861: Cochise mistakenly arrested, beginning the Apache Wars
  • 1863: The Mescalero surrendered
  • 1863: Treaty
  • 1864: The Territorial Legislature of Arizona passed a resolution legalizing the killing of all Apache people.
  • 1865 October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1865 October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1867] October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa and Comanche
  • 1868: Jicarilla surrendered
  • 1870: Reservations established
  • 1871: White Mountain Reservation
  • 1871: Tularosa Reservation- Mimbreno Apache
  • 1871: 125 Aravaipa killed at Camp Grant
  • 1872: Cochise and the Chiricahua made peace with the United States. A number of Chiricahua led by Geronimo rejected peeace and left the reservations to raid.
  • 1873: Mescalero Reservation is established
  • 1874: Cochise dies
  • 1875: Tonto Apache moved to San Carlos Apache Reservation
  • 1875: Yavapai Apache(1,000) settle on the San Carlos Reservation
  • 1876-1877: Chiricahua Apache Indians removed to San Carlos Agency
  • 1877: Removal of Geronimo's band of Chiricahua Apache Indians from Ojo Caliente, New Mexico Territory, to the San Carlos Indian Agency, Arizona Territory.
  • 1877: Mimbreno Apache forced to move to San Carlos Reservation
  • 1886: Geronimo surrendered
  • 1887: a group of children sent to Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania
  • 1887: Jicarilla Reservation established
  • 1890's: Government mission schools established
  • 1897: White Mountain Reservationis divided into Fort Apache and San Carlos Reservations
  • 1903: Fort McDowell Reservation- Yavapai Apache
  • 1907: Jicarilla Reservation enlarged
  • 1913: Chiricahua Apache resettle on Mescalero Reservation
  • 1914: land near Camp Verde, Arizona is reserved for the Yavapai and Tonto Apache
  • 1937: Jicarilla Apache - constitution
  • 1938: White Mountain Apache - constitution

Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Apache tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.

Reservations

Bands and Groups of the Tribe and Their Reservations

Records

Agency

San Carlos Agency

Correspondence and Census

  • Agency records, 1892-1947 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency
  • Census, birth and death records, 1932-1937 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Phoenix Agency
  • Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries Deveney, Sam
  • Index to Sam Devenney's Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache obituaries, with death dates Follett, Paul, 1958-
  • The Fort Sill Apaches : their vital statistics, tribal origins, antecdents Griswold, Gillett
  • Indian census rolls, Camp McDowell, 1905-1909 and 1911-1912 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Indian census rolls, Camp Verde, 1915-1927 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Indian census rolls, Fort Apache, 1898-1939 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Kiowa Indian census, 1904-1915 United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency
  • Kiowa, Comanche, Apache & Ft. Sill Apache Indian census at Kiowa Agency, Oklahoma Territory, 1926-1936 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency
  • Kiowa, Comanche, Apache & Ft. Sill Apache Indian vital records at Kiowa Agency, Oklahoma Territory, 1924-1937 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Fort Sill Apache, Wichita, Caddo and Delaware Indians: birth and death rolls, 1924-1932 Bowen, Jeff, 1950-
  • Miscellaneous census records, 1904-1942 United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Fort Apache Agency
  • Rolls of Indian tribes in Oklahoma 1889-1891: Absentee Shawnee (Big Jim's Band), Cheyenne and Arapahoe [sic], Iowa, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Otoe [sic] and Missouria [sic], Pawnee, Ponca, Pottawatomie [sic], Citizen Pottawatomie [sic] (Big Jim's Band), Sac [sic] and Fox Johnson, Emily
  • So lingers memory : inventories of Fort Sill, OK, cemeteries--Main Post, Apache Indian, Old Fort Reno, Comanche Indian and Comanche Mission Cemeteries, 1869-1985 Murphy, Polly Lewis, 1915-1993
  • Apache mothers and daughters: four generations of a family Boyer, Ruth McDonald
  • Apache genealogical research: a beginners guide Stout, Terri Lynn
  • The Tumacacori census of 1796 Whiting, Alfred F
  • Apache, Caddo, Kiowa & Wichita Indian: census rolls Indian Territory 1900-1904 Millican, Valorie


Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Roll 962

 Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Post-1885 Census M595 RG 75 Roll 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Apache Kiowa Agency,1881-1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-223 FHL 5766900-576912
Apache Fort Apache Agency, 1875-1955

WashingtonD.C.and Los Angeles

- - - -
Apache Phoenix Area Office, 1928-1937 Washington D.C. and Los Angeles - - Rolls 344-346 -
Apache Truxton Canyon Agency 1895-1951 Los Angeles - - Roll 581 -
Apache San Carlos Agency, 1900-1952 Los Angeles - - Rolls 461-470 -
Apache Jicarilla

Abiquiu and Cimarron Agencies, 1869-82

Jicarilla Agency, 1890-1942

Mescalero Agency, 1874-1942

Denver

-


-

 

 

Rolls 543-545


Rolls 197-198

FHL 576885-576887
Apache Kiowa Upper Platte Agency,1846-1855 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-096 - - -
Apache Kiowa Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-1867 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - - -
Apache Kiowa

Kiowa Agency /

Anadarko, 1864-1880

Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-223 FHL 576900-576912
Apache Mescalero Mescalero, 1874-1946 Denver - - Rolls 254-256 FHL 579664-579666
Apache Mojave Camp McDowell (Pima) Agency,1901-1951 Washington D.C. - - Roll 15 FHL 573861
Apache White Mountain

Fort Apache Agency,1875-1955

Washington D.C. and Los Angeles

- - Rolls 118-125 FHL 576473-576480
Apache Chiricahua Arizona Superintendency, 1863-1880 Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache, Coyotero

New Mexico Superintendency, to 1877

- Rolls 546-82 - - -
Apache, Coyotero

Arizona Superintendency,1877-1880

- Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache,Lipan Texas Agency, 1847-59 Washington D.C. Rolls 858-61 - - -
Apache, Lipan Central Superintendencey, 1876-1880 Washington D.C. Rolls 67-70 - - -
Apache, Mimbreno New Mexico Superintendency, to 1877 Washington D.C. Rolls 546-82 - - -
Apache, Mimbreno Arizona Superintendency, 1877-1880 Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache, Mogollon New Mexico Superintendency, t0 1877 Washington D.C. Rolls 546-72 - _ -
Apache, Mogollon

Arizona Superintendency,1877-80

Washington D.C. Rolls 3-28 - - -
Apache,-Mojave Camp McDowell (Pima Agency) 1901-51 Los Angeles - - Roll 15 FHL 573861
Apache-Mojave Phoenix Area Office, 1907-74 Los Angeles - - Rolls 344-45 -

Treaties

  • 1852 July 1, at Santa Fe
  • 1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson, with the Comanche and Kiowa
  • 1865 October 14, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1865 October 17, with the Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1867 October 21, at Council Camp with the Kiowa and Comanche

Vital Records

Important Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Apache

References

  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online

Bibliography

Apache

  • Basso, Keith H. Wisdom Sits in Places: Landscape and Language Among the Western Apache. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1996. WorldCat 33333802
  • Bourke, John Gregory. An Apache Campaign in the Sierra Madre; An Account of the Expedition in Pursuit of the Hostile Chiricahua Apaches in the Spring of 1883. New York: Scribner, 1958. FHL 1009057 Item 3
  • Capes-Altom, Mila, Beneath his wings : Indian cemeteries in Anadarko, Oklahoma. FHL 976.641/A2 V3
  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL book FHL 970.1 C197p
  • Colvin, Verna Rae. The Garden and How It Grew: Eden, 1881-1981. Eden, Ariz: V.R. Colvin, 1981. FHL 979.154/E1 H2
  • Doherty, Craig A., and Katherine M. Doherty. The Apaches and Navajos. New York: F. Watts, 1989. FHL 970.3 Ap11
  • Edmunds, R. David. American Indian Leaders: Studies in Diversity. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980. FHL 970.1 Am35
  • Forbes, Jack D. Apache, Navaho, and Spaniard. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960. FHL 970.1 F744
  • Goodin, Barbara. Indian Research and History: With Biographies, Book Reviews & Cemeteries. Lawton, Okla: B. Goodin, 2009. FHL 970.1 G619
  • Goodin, Kenneth, Alphabetical inventories of Indian cemeteries in Comanche County, Oklahoma FHL 970.1 G619 '
  • Goodwin, Grenville. Myths and Tales of the White Mountain Apache. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1994. WorldCat 29702274
  • Griffin-Pierce, Trudy. Native Peoples of the Southwest. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2000. WorldCat 43757436
  • Griswold, Gillett. The Fort Sill Apaches: Their Vital Statistics, Tribal Origins, Antecedents. 1976. FHL Film 9282518
  • Haley, James. Apaches: A History and Culture Portrait. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997. WorldCat 6764029
  • Stringfield, Thomas. Captured by the Apaches; Forty Years with This Savage Band of Indians. Hamilton, Texas: Herald print, 1911. FHL 973742 Item 3
  • Thomas, Alfred Barnaby. Forgotten Frontiers; A Study of the Spanish Indian Policy of Don Juan Bautista De Anza, Governor of New Mexico, 1777-1787; from the Original Documents in the Archives of Spain, Mexico and New Mexico. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1932. FHL 970.1 T361
  • Worcester, Donald E. The Apaches: Eagles of the Southwest. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979. WorldCat 433230521

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published