Difference between revisions of "American Indian Military"

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== World War I (1917-1918)  ==
 
== World War I (1917-1918)  ==
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==== Records of the American Expeditionary Forces: Record Group 120 ====
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'''[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/6704646 Correspondence, Reports, and Other Records Relating to American Indians Serving with the American Expeditionary Forces. NAID 6704646]'''
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* Images available in the National Archives Catalog (NAID) 
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34392177 Reports& Memos on American Indian Soldiers NAID 34392177]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34392102  1st Division.  NAID 34392102]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34392239  2nd Division.  NAID 34392239] (1 of 2)
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34392396  2nd Division.  NAID 34392396] (2 of 2)
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34392580  3rd Division.  NAID 34392580]   
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34392726  4th Division.  NAID 34392726]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34392907  5th Division.  NAID 34392907]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393032  6th Division.  NAID 34393032]   
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393072  7th Division.  NAID 34393072]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393150 26th Division.  NAID 34393150]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393237 28th Division.  NAID 34393237]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393316 30th Division.  NAID 34393316]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393347 30th Division.  NAID 34393347] (1 of 2) 
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393648 32nd Division.  NAID 34393648] (2 of 2)
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393751 33rd Division.  NAID 34393751]   
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393827 35th Division.  NAID 34393827]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34393980 36th Division.  NAID 34393980]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394143 41st Division.  NAID 34394143]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394148 42nd Division.  NAID 34394148]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394258 77th Division.  NAID 34394258]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394325 78th Division.  NAID 34394325]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394366 79th Division.  NAID 34394366]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394385 82nd Division.  NAID 34394385]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394455 85th Division.  NAID 34394455]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394524 86th-88th Division. NAID 34394524]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394676 89th Division.  NAID 34394676]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394826 90th Division.  NAID 34394826]
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*[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/34394970 91st Division.  NAID 34394970]
  
 
== World War II (1941-1945)  ==
 
== World War II (1941-1945)  ==

Latest revision as of 22:36, 15 May 2018

American Indian Topics
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Click this button for links to databases, indexes, or sites that help you find an American Indian ancestor by topic or tribe.


Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

Six Nations Survivors of War of 1812

War of 1812 (1812-1815)

Tribes on the British / Canada Side

In the photo to the right of veterans of the War of 1812, from left to right are John Smoke Johnson, Jacob Warner (Iroquois) and John Tutlee (Iroquois).

About 35 tribal nations fought with the British and Canadians during the War of 1812.[1] Tecumseh, the Shawnee war chief, worked to unite the Indians with the British.

Some of these nations were:

Tribes on the U.S. Side

Other References

  • The Journal of American Indian Family Research. Vol. 14 No. 3. pages 6-16.The Employment of Indians in the War of 1812. By E. Cruikshank, of Port Erie, Ontario. [Reprinted from U.S. Serial Set No. 3429, Pages 319-335.] FHL 970.1 J825j [8]

Websites Concerning Indian Involvement

  • Shawnee in the War of 1812, by Richard Williams, gives a short history of Tecumseh and his brother, Tenskwatawa, The Prophet, who fought with the British and then went to Canada. Most Shawnee remained neutral during the War of 1812.
  • Clarke Historical Library, War of 1812, lists many magazine articles going back to 1886 with brief descriptions of the articles and links to digital copies of most of the articles.

Mexican War (1846-1848)

Civil War (1861-1865)

Cherokee Confederates Reunion
See American Indians in the Civil War for information about American Indian Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the American Indian regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the locations where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the locations where the companies were raised. Knowing a location can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine locations. Often knowing the locations that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor. |}

World War I (1917-1918)

Records of the American Expeditionary Forces: Record Group 120

Correspondence, Reports, and Other Records Relating to American Indians Serving with the American Expeditionary Forces. NAID 6704646

World War II (1941-1945)

All American Indians men were required to register for the draft, although in many sates they could not vote. A total of 24,521 American Indian men served in the U.S. armed service during World War II.

Many southwestern Indians served in National Guard unites set to the Philippines (the 200th Coastal Artillery Regiment), which was captured by the Japanese and sent on the infamous Bataan death march.

Other refused to register on the basis of religious or political grounds, a few Pagagos, some Ute, six Hopies, some Iroquois Confederacy, and a number of Seminole Indians.

  • The Seminoles refused to register on the grounds that they were still at war with the U.S.
  • The Iroquois objected because they did not consider themselves citizens of the U.S.
  • The Papagos because they followed a religious leader who prohibited killing.
  • The conservative Pueblos resisted sending their young men to the draft.

In all, more than 70,000 American Indian men and women left the reservations to enter military service or work in defense industries.

Code Talkers

There were Code Talkers During World War I and World War II. Code Talkers used their unique languages as a means for secret communications. Code Talkers were of the Navajo, Cherokee, Choctaw and Comanche Indian tribes.

Korean 1950-1953

Vietnam 1964-1972

Gulf War

Indian Scouts

Indians were employed as scouts from Colonial times onward, their service reaches its height in post-Civil War conflicts.

Military Actions 1866-1891

Source: Chronological List of Actions, &C., With Indians, From January 1, 1866, to January, 1891. Adjutant General's Office. WorldCat

Date, Place of Action, Troops Engaged, Commanding Officer.

  • 6 Jan. 1867 Crooked River, Oregon, Indian Scouts, Srgt. W. Brewster, 3rd Cav.
  • 19 Jun. 1867 Steins Mountain, Oregon, Det., Indian Scouts, Chf. Scout Archie McIntosh
  • 20 Jun.1867 Black Hills, on U.P. Railroad, Nebraska C, Pawnee Scouts, Maj. Frank North,
  • 5 Jul.1867 Dunder and Blitzen Creek, Oregon, 1st Cav., F and M, and Indian Scouts, Lt. Col. George Crook 23 Inf.
  • 13 Jul. 1867 Malheur River (S. Fork), Oregon, 23d Inf. det. K, and Snake Indians, Lt. G.A. Goodale
  • 17 Aug.1867 Plum Creek, Nebraska, Pawnee Scouts, Capt. Jas. Murie, Chf. Pawnee Scouts
  • 26-28 Sep1867 Infernal Caverns, near Pitt River, California, 1st Cav. H: 23 Inf., D; and Boise Scouts. Lt. Col. Geo. Cook, 23d Inf.
  • 14-15 Nov.1867 Tonto Creek, Arizona, Indian Scouts, det.
  • 12 Dec.1867 Owyhee River, Oregon, Indian Scouts, Interpreter D.C. Pickett
  • 4 Jan. 1868 Owyhee River, Idaho, Indian Scouts and Men M. 1st Cav. Interpreter D.C. Pickett
  • 5 Apr. 1868 Malheur River, Oregon. 1st Cav., F: 8th Cav. , C: 23 Inf. K, deta,; and Indian Scouts. Capt. David Perry, 1st Cav.
  • 23 Apr. 1868 Harney, Camp, Oregon, Det. of Scouts, Chf. Guide Archie McIntosh
  • 29 May 1868 Owyhee River, Idaho, 1st Cav. det. M and Indian Scouts, Sergt. H. Miller
  • 9 Jun 1868 Snake Canon, Idaho 23rd Inf. det. H and Indian Scouts, Corp. J. Moan

References

  1. Canadian Encyclopedia, First Nations in the War of 1812, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Canadian Encyclopedia, First Nations in the War of 1812, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 Wikipedia contributors, War of 1812 article, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, Creek War, in War of 1812 Wikipedia article, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  5. 5.0 5.1 D.E. Graves,In Their Own Words - Aboriginal Leaders and the War of 1812 in The War of 1812 Magazine, Issue 2: February 2006, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Wikipedia contributors, War of 1812 article, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  7. Canadian Encyclopedia, First Nations in the War of 1812, (accessed 12 July 2012).
  8. The Journal of American Indian Family Research. Vol. 14 No. 3.

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