Difference between revisions of "American Indian Church Records"

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A number of denominations in the United States proselyted among the American Indians. Some of the more active groups who sent missionaries among the native population were:  
 
A number of denominations in the United States proselyted among the American Indians. Some of the more active groups who sent missionaries among the native population were:  
  
*[[Catholic Indian Church Records|Catholic]] (Franciscan)  
+
== [[Catholic Indian Church Records|Catholic]] (Franciscan) ==
**For records:  
+
*For records:  
***Marquette University (Upper Midwest and general U.S.),  
+
**Marquette University (Upper Midwest and general U.S.),  
***Gonzaga university (Pacific Northwest and Alaska),  
+
**Gonzaga university (Pacific Northwest and Alaska),  
***Diocesan Archives (area covered by Diocese)  
+
**Diocesan Archives (area covered by Diocese)  
***Family History Library (Spanish Mission records of California and New Mexico abstract and copies of originals on microfilm )  
+
**Family History Library (Spanish Mission records of California and New Mexico abstract and copies of originals on microfilm )  
*Dutch Reformed  
+
== Dutch Reformed ==
*Jesuit  
+
== Jesuit ==
*Lutherans  
+
== Lutherans ==
*Methodist
+
== Methodist ==
  
 
'''Tribes Served''': Cherokee, Oregon Indians, Wyandot, Oneida of Wisconsin, Indians of Minnesota, and others.  
 
'''Tribes Served''': Cherokee, Oregon Indians, Wyandot, Oneida of Wisconsin, Indians of Minnesota, and others.  
  
*For records:  
+
For records:  
**Kansas Historical Society; local historical societies  
+
*Kansas Historical Society; local historical societies  
**Drew University, New Jersey  
+
*Drew University, New Jersey  
**Library of the Board of Missions of the Methodist Church, (475 Riveside Dr. New York, NY)  
+
*Library of the Board of Missions of the Methodist Church, (475 Riveside Dr. New York, NY)  
*[[Moravian Church in the United States|Moravian]]  
+
 
**For records:  
+
==[[Moravian Church in the United States|Moravian]] ==
***Moravian Archives (41 W Locust St. Behtleham, PA. 18018 Phone: 1-610-866-3255);  
+
For records:  
***local historical societies.<br>
+
*Moravian Archives (41 W Locust St. Behtleham, PA. 18018 Phone: 1-610-866-3255);  
 +
*local historical societies.<br>
  
 
'''Tribes served''': Delaware, Mohegan, Ohio Indians, Indiana Indians: Creeks and Cherokee<br>  
 
'''Tribes served''': Delaware, Mohegan, Ohio Indians, Indiana Indians: Creeks and Cherokee<br>  
  
*Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
+
== The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ==
**For records: Family History Library  
+
For records:
***Early "Mormon Missions among the Indians of North America: Catawba, Lemhi (Snake), Tooele (Paiute), Southern Indian (Paiute, Navajo) Wind River (Shoshone) and in Indian Territory
+
*Family History Library (familysearch.org)
 +
*Church History Library (history.lds.org)
 +
*Early missions to the Indians of North America include: Catawba, Lemhi (Snake), Tooele (Paiute), Southern Indian (Paiute, Navajo) Wind River (Shoshone) and in Indian Territory
  
[[Presbyterian Indian Church Records|Presbyterian]]  
+
==[[Presbyterian Indian Church Records|Presbyterian]] ==
  
 
'''Tribes Served''': Stokbridge, Oneida, Chickasaw, Tuscarora, Seneca, Shinnecock, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Ojibwa, Sioux, Pawnee, Indians of Oregon, Iowa, Sack and Fox, Creek, and Blackfeet  
 
'''Tribes Served''': Stokbridge, Oneida, Chickasaw, Tuscarora, Seneca, Shinnecock, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Ojibwa, Sioux, Pawnee, Indians of Oregon, Iowa, Sack and Fox, Creek, and Blackfeet  
  
*For Records:  
+
For Records:  
**Presbyterian Historical Society; local historical societies.  
+
*Presbyterian Historical Society; local historical societies.  
**Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.,  
+
*Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.,  
**Houghton Library Harvard Library, Boston, MA.,  
+
*Houghton Library Harvard Library, Boston, MA.,  
**Congregational House, 14 1/4 Beacon St. Boston, MA  
+
*Congregational House, 14 1/4 Beacon St. Boston, MA  
**American Indian Mission Association (mentioned in a treaty)  
+
*American Indian Mission Association (mentioned in a treaty)  
*Baptist  
+
==Baptist ==
**For records: Kansas and Oklahoma Historical Societies, and Family History Library  
+
*For records: Kansas and Oklahoma Historical Societies, and Family History Library  
*Quaker
+
==Quaker==
  
 
'''Tribes served''': Seneca of New York and others  
 
'''Tribes served''': Seneca of New York and others  
  
*For Records:<br>  
+
For Records:<br>  
**Friends Historical Library Swathmore College, (500 College Ave, Swarthmore,PA.19081 phone: 1-610-328-8000) <br>  
+
*Friends Historical Library Swathmore College, (500 College Ave, Swarthmore,PA.19081 phone: 1-610-328-8000) <br>  
**Committee on Records (221E 15th Street, New York,NY)<br>  
+
*Committee on Records (221E 15th Street, New York,NY)<br>  
**Department of Records (3rd and Arch Streets, Philadelphia, PA)  
+
*Department of Records (3rd and Arch Streets, Philadelphia, PA)  
**Quaker Collection, Haverford College (370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041 phone 1-610-896-1000)
+
*Quaker Collection, Haverford College (370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041 phone 1-610-896-1000)
  
 
The records created varied among the denominations. Some kept records of individuals who were baptized or who joined with that denomination. Some kept only reports of activities among the native tribes or groups. Some have preserved correspondence with their respective oversight boards and/or government offices.  
 
The records created varied among the denominations. Some kept records of individuals who were baptized or who joined with that denomination. Some kept only reports of activities among the native tribes or groups. Some have preserved correspondence with their respective oversight boards and/or government offices.  

Latest revision as of 01:33, 5 December 2018

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Click this button for links to databases, indexes, or sites that help you find an American Indian ancestor by topic or tribe.


To determine religious affiliation after 1900 an obituary or funeral home may, before 1900 study what religions were prominent in the area and local history. Study tribal history and Religious history,

"American Indian religious varied from the most primitive shamanism--little more than the exercise of magic, usually beneficial, by self-elected practitioners--to organized, priestly systems based on high philosophies. Whatever the type, one thing is constant: religion permeated daily life."

Oliver La Farge, anthropologist

A number of denominations in the United States proselyted among the American Indians. Some of the more active groups who sent missionaries among the native population were:

Catholic (Franciscan)

  • For records:
    • Marquette University (Upper Midwest and general U.S.),
    • Gonzaga university (Pacific Northwest and Alaska),
    • Diocesan Archives (area covered by Diocese)
    • Family History Library (Spanish Mission records of California and New Mexico abstract and copies of originals on microfilm )

Dutch Reformed

Jesuit

Lutherans

Methodist

Tribes Served: Cherokee, Oregon Indians, Wyandot, Oneida of Wisconsin, Indians of Minnesota, and others.

For records:

  • Kansas Historical Society; local historical societies
  • Drew University, New Jersey
  • Library of the Board of Missions of the Methodist Church, (475 Riveside Dr. New York, NY)

Moravian

For records:

  • Moravian Archives (41 W Locust St. Behtleham, PA. 18018 Phone: 1-610-866-3255);
  • local historical societies.

Tribes served: Delaware, Mohegan, Ohio Indians, Indiana Indians: Creeks and Cherokee

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

For records:

  • Family History Library (familysearch.org)
  • Church History Library (history.lds.org)
  • Early missions to the Indians of North America include: Catawba, Lemhi (Snake), Tooele (Paiute), Southern Indian (Paiute, Navajo) Wind River (Shoshone) and in Indian Territory

Presbyterian

Tribes Served: Stokbridge, Oneida, Chickasaw, Tuscarora, Seneca, Shinnecock, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Ojibwa, Sioux, Pawnee, Indians of Oregon, Iowa, Sack and Fox, Creek, and Blackfeet

For Records:

  • Presbyterian Historical Society; local historical societies.
  • Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.,
  • Houghton Library Harvard Library, Boston, MA.,
  • Congregational House, 14 1/4 Beacon St. Boston, MA
  • American Indian Mission Association (mentioned in a treaty)

Baptist

  • For records: Kansas and Oklahoma Historical Societies, and Family History Library

Quaker

Tribes served: Seneca of New York and others

For Records:

  • Friends Historical Library Swathmore College, (500 College Ave, Swarthmore,PA.19081 phone: 1-610-328-8000)
  • Committee on Records (221E 15th Street, New York,NY)
  • Department of Records (3rd and Arch Streets, Philadelphia, PA)
  • Quaker Collection, Haverford College (370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041 phone 1-610-896-1000)

The records created varied among the denominations. Some kept records of individuals who were baptized or who joined with that denomination. Some kept only reports of activities among the native tribes or groups. Some have preserved correspondence with their respective oversight boards and/or government offices.

It was not uncommon, when records of Indian individuals were kept, to list those individuals under a "Christian" name, rather than their native name. This makes it more difficult to determine whether or not names in the church records are for the same individual as those in government records.


References