Alleghany County, Virginia Genealogy

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This article is about a county on the mid Virginia-West Virginia border. For other uses, see Alleghany.

Alleghany County, Virginia
Boundary map of Alleghany County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Alleghany County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded January 5, 1822
County Seat Covington
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Alleghany County

Southwest Virginia county in the Shenandoah Valley region.

County Courthouse

Alleghany County, Virginia Courthouse


Allegheny Mountain Range, Spruce Knob<</noinclude>

The county was named after the Alleghany Mountains.[1]

Parent County

1822--Allegany County was created 5 January 1822 from Bath, Botetourt and Monroe Counties.  Monroe County is now in West Virginia.   County seat: Covington [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties



For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Alleghany County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Alleghany County:[3]

  • Alleghany Memorial Park
  • Carter Cemetery
  • Central Church Cemetery
  • Crown Hill Cemetery
  • Helmintoller Cemetery
  • Hoke Cemetery
  • Hooks Cemetery
  • Humphries Cemetery
  • Lewis Tunnel Cemetery
  • Mallow Cemetery
  • Mount Carmel Cemetery
  • Mountain View Cemetery
  • Oakland Cemetery
  • Rose Hill Cemetery
  • Simmons Cemetery
  • Smith Cemetery
  • Walton Memorial Cemetery


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 2,816
1840 2,749 −2.4%
1850 3,515 27.9%
1860 6,765 92.5%
1870 3,674 −45.7%
1880 5,586 52.0%
1890 9,283 66.2%
1900 16,330 75.9%
1910 14,173 −13.2%
1920 15,332 8.2%
1930 20,188 31.7%
1940 22,688 12.4%
1950 23,139 2.0%
1960 12,128 −47.6%
1970 12,461 2.7%
1980 14,333 15.0%
1990 13,176 −8.1%
2000 12,926 −1.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
To access census records online, see Virginia Census.



  • Douthat, James L. 1840 Alleghany County, Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website.


  • Perkins, Louise M. 1860 Alleghany County, Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website.

1890 Union Veterans




It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Alleghany, Virginia at World Connect, results in more than 8,000 entries.

Alleghany County, Virginia Surnames (courtesy: Linkpendium) contains links to more than 20 online resources about this county's families, including compiled genealogies.


  • [Fudge] Clark, Bertha Lewis. The Fudge Family of Rockingham County, Virginia and Alleghany Co., Virginia, Monroe Co., West Virginia. Microfilmed 1971. FHL 873159 Item 1
  • [Gillespie] Trimble, David B. Buchanan and Gillespie of Southwest Virginia. Austin, Texas: D.B. Trimble, 1992. FHL 975.5 D2tda.
  • [Humphries] Humphries, R. Humphries Genealogical Chart, Descendents of John Humphries, Richpatch, Alleghany County, Virginia. Microfilmed 1993. FHL US/CAN Pedigree File no. 695.
  • [King] King, Theresa Mary Fraenzel Betts. Book of Remembrance of Theresa F. King, Born 1913, Alleghany County, Virginia. MSS., microfilmed 1965. FHL 414975-FHL 414977
  • [Persinger] Humphries, Howard V. The Persingers of Alleghany County, Virginia, 1750-1965. Microfilmed 1993. FHL US/CAN Pedigree File no. 693.
  • [Smith] Humphries, Howard V. Descendants of John Crockett Smith and Susannah Harless, Blue Spring Run, Alleghany County, Virginia. FHL US/CAN Pedigree File no. 694.
  • [Smith] Machir, Violette S. Some Chapman, Jolly, Rayburn and Smith Families in W.Va. & Ohio. Middleport, Ohio: Quality Print Shop, 1966. FHL Fiche 6017211.


Local Histories

  • Alleghany County, Virginia: Its Resources and Industries. 1907. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).
  • McAllister, Hugh Maffitt. Historical Sketch of Alleghany County, Virginia. Richmond: n.p., 1910. Available at FHL US/CAN Fiche 6015385; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • McAllister, W.A. "Pioneer Days in Alleghany County," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Oct., 1902), pp. 183-187; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Jan. 1902):254-257. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Morton, Oren Frederic. A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia. Dayton, Va.: J.K. Ruebush Co., 1923. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.581 H2m and FHL US/CAN Film 599242 Item 1; digital version at Ancestry ($).



Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Allegany County on page 133.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Alleghany County, p. 60.]
Civil War

Civil War service men from Alleghany County served in various regiments. Within a regiment, companies were often comprised of men who lived in a smaller geographical area within the county parameters. Listed below are regiments with whom men from Alleghany County served. Because Confederate units often reorganized, this list might not be complete.

The following Regiments are mentioned in A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia, by Oren Frederic Morton FHL book 975.581 H2m

- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate), A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia, only lists the names of five men who were from Alleghany County.
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 22nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 27th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 60th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)

However, A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia,  also lists additional names of Alleghany Companies such as the Alleghany Rough Artillery (Capt. John C. Carpenter's Co.) , Alleghany Light Infantry (Co. A, 27th Regiment) afterwards called Alleghany Artillery, Alleghany Reserves (Co. C, 10th Battalion, Virginia Reserves), Alleghany Rifles (Co. C, 27th Regiment) and Alleghany Rifles (Co. G ((1st)), 59th Regiment)

Civil War Sources

  • Morton, Oren F., A Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia,  (J. K. Ruebush Company, 1923). (pp. 156-172), FHL book 975.581 H2m




  • Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Alleghany County petitions (1820-1861) are described on pp. 87-95.]


Research Guides


How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1774] Tithables, 1774, Alleghany Highlands Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Apr. 1998).

Vital Records


  • Fridley, Beth. Alleghany County, Virginia Births, 1853-96 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999. Available at Ancestry ($).

Societies and Libraries



  1. "Allegheny Mountains," Wikipedia,
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. USGS Map,