Difference between revisions of "Alleghany County, North Carolina Genealogy"

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== Societies and Libraries   ==
== Societies and Libraries   ==
== Web Sites<br> ==
== Web Sites<br> ==
*[http://www.newrivernotes.com/nc/alleghany.htm Alleghany County, North Carolina] (New River Notes)
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncallegh/ Alleghany County, North Carolina GenWeb] (NCGenWeb)  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncallegh/ Alleghany County, North Carolina GenWeb] (NCGenWeb)  
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/nc/alleghany.htm Alleghany County, North Carolina GenWeb Archives] (U.S. GenWeb Archives)
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/nc/alleghany.htm Alleghany County, North Carolina GenWeb Archives] (U.S. GenWeb Archives)  
*{{FHL|North+Carolina%2C+Alleghany|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
*{{FHL|North+Carolina%2C+Alleghany|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}

Revision as of 17:02, 18 August 2011

This article is about a northwestern North Carolina county. For other uses, see Alleghany.

Alleghany County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Alleghany County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1776
County Seat Sparta
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United States  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Alleghany County

County Courthouse


In 1776 settlers in what would eventually become Tennessee successfully petitioned North Carolina to recognize the Washington District. The District included all of modern Tennessee except two small settlements (North-of-Holston, Fincastle County, and Pendleton, Washington County) in the far northeast that were considered part of Virginia at the time. Washington (old) County was created from Washington District by North Carolina in 1777 as the western county of North Carolina.[1]

In August 1784 delegates from Washington and two other western North Carolina counties which had split off from Washington (all now in Tennessee), declared their Independence from North Carolina because of perceived neglect, and misuse by North Carolina’s legislature. By May 1785 they had petitioned to be admitted to the United States as the new State of Franklin. The Franklin statehood request was denied. By 1789 the hopes for a State of Franklin faded. North Carolina refused to recognize several counties created by Franklin out of Washington County.[2]

North Carolina was admitted to the Union in 1789 and ceded her western counties to the United States. The United States made these western counties into the Southwest Territory. In 1792 North Carolina divided Washington (old) County and annexed some of its land that would later become Alleghany, Ashe, and Watauga counties in North Carolina to Wilkes County, North Carolina.[3] In 1796 the remainder of Washington County became part of the new State of Tennessee.

North Carolina created Ashe County out of Wilkes County in 1799, and in 1859 erected Alleghany County out of Ashe County.[4]

For a detailed assessment of Alleghany records and their availability, see:

Parent County

1859--Alleghany County was created in 1859 from Ashe County. County seat: Sparta[4]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Some records were lost in a 1932 courthouse fire. For more information on extant records, see the following:


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties






  • Court (U.S. GenWeb Archives)


Local Histories






Vital Records



Societies and Libraries 

Web Sites


  1. Joyce Cox, and W. Eugene Cox, History of Washington County Tennessee (Jonesborough, Tenn.: Washington County Historical Assoc., 2001), 54.
  2. “State of Franklin” in North Carolina History Project at http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/99/entry (accessed 27 June 2010).
  3. Arthur L. Fletcher, Ashe County: A History (Jefferson, N.C.: Ashe County Research Assoc., 1963), 33-34.
  4. 4.0 4.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002), 506.