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Revision as of 19:57, 2 March 2013

This article is about a southwestern New York county. For other uses, see Allegany.

United States go to New York go to Allegany County

This page describes sources of genealogical data about Allegany County, New York Genealogy families, including links to smaller localities at the bottom of this page. New York-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New York_Online_Genealogy_Records New York
Online Records

Allegany County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Allegany County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Founded March 7, 1806
County Seat Belmont
Address 7 Court Street, Rm 3
Belmont, NY 14813
Allegany County Website
Steinheim Museum Building, Alfred University.
NY Allegany map.png

Allegany County New York Historical Facts

Parent County

  • 7 March 1806: Set off from Genesee County.[1]

Neighboring Counties

Cattaraugus · Livingston · Steuben · Wyoming · Pennsylvania counties: McKean · Potter[2]

Boundary Changes

1683: Allegany County was part of Albany County.

  • 1808: a portion transferred from Steuben County.
  • 1811: a portion transferred to Genesee County.
  • 1812-1816: Cattaraugus County was included in Allegany County. Some of records kept at Belmont.
  • 1822: a portion transferred to Tioga County.
  • 14 May 1841 a portion was set off to create Wyoming County.

Record Loss

Allegany County New York Genealogy Resources

Bible Records

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry– ($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories
Findagrave.com* Family History Library* Findagrave.com*
Interment.net* WorldCat* Tombstone Transcription Project*
Cemetery Site*   NYGenWeb Cemeteries*
New York Gravestones*   epodunk*
NYGenWeb Cemeteries*   Billion Graves*
Billion Graves*   Names in Stone*
Names in Stone*    
Allegany County Historical Society    
Painted Hills Genealogy Society    
   *See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.

LDS Cemetery Records (in rural areas)

  • Vol. 1
    • page 41 - Kenyon Family Cemetery, near Nile
    • page 52 - Lattice Bridge Cemetery
    • page 65 - Norton Cemetery
    • page 79 - Swift Family Cemetery, near Cuba Lake
    • page 80 - Van Campen Creek Cemetery


For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.


U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[3]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42.

Loss of 1890 Census records. City directories may serve as substitutes.

Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Ancestry.com - - - - - - Yes - Yes Yes
Family History Library film - - - Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
FamilySearch image - - - - - Yes Yes Yes - -
New York State Library film - - - Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

New York State 1865 and 1875 Census Marriage, Mortality; and 1865 Soldier Mortality records:

  • Images available online at New York State Census, 1865 and New York State Census, 1875. Click on the link to go to the page, then click on the ‘Browse through images’ link and select your county, then select an ancestor's town and browse to the end of the population schedule until you find the Marriage, Mortality, and 1865 soldier mortality schedules.
  • Includes marriages and deaths for the 12 months prior to the census, ending 1 June of the census year.
  • Marriage entry content: Husband's name, wife's name, ages and previous marital status, month and day and place of marriage, and church or civil ceremony.
  • Death entry content: Name, age, sex, color, marital status, month and day of death, native state or country, occupation and cause of death.
  • 1865 deaths of officers and enlisted men entry content: Name, age, marital status, citizenship status, enlistment date, original regiment, original rank, regiment at death, rank at death, promotions, death date and place, manner of death, surviving associates, and burial place.
  • Also on microfilm. See the Family History Library line in the above State Census Chart.

Church Records

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

  • The Church Records section for Allegany County at the New York GenWeb website has membership data, histories, and other helpful information on Baptist, Congregational, Episcipal, and Seventh Day Baptist Congregations
  • 1852-1867 Assumption Parish for Portageville in Wyoming County and Birdsall in Allegany  FHL film 1324443 Microfilm of original records. Baptisms 1852-1917, confirmations 1880-1917, confirmations from Saint Mary Parish, Birdsall, New York 1885-1905, marriages 1852-1882, confirmations 1859-1874, deaths 1859-1863, marriages 1875-1916, deaths 1875-1917

Additional Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Allegany County, New York Genealogy Church Records  in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

USGen Web has A Digital Library on line of indexes ot Allegany County, New York Court Records, including Guardianship Orders 1852-1864, Indexes Guardianship 1829-1895, Declarations of Intent 1866-1929; and Petitions 1907-1930.

Crime and Criminals


Allegany County, New York City, County, and Rural Directories   (Source: Online Historical Directories)

  • 1875 - Gazetteer and Business Directory of Allegany County, NY for 1875. Digital versions at Don's List - free; Internet Archive - free.

Ethnic, Political or Religious Groups



  • Rootsweb message board for Allegany County, New York Genealogy has many information threads about families that resided in that county. There is a search engine that allows you to search by surname and topic.


The southern part of the county lies within the oil field where the petroleum was first discovered in the USA at Titusville, Pennsylvania. Names such as Wellsville, Petrolia and Olean were oil-based. Oil played out but the natural gas is still an important resource.

Additional Resources:

Allegany County, New York History

Genealogical Resources: History of Allegany County towns and various historical events.

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Original land records in Allegany County, New York Genealogy began in [?dateyear?]. These records are housed at the [?repository?] in [?town?].




Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

Additional resources

Additional resources for Allegany County, New York Genealogy land records may be found in the Allegany County, New York Genealogy – Land Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche may be available for viewing at various Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.



Early migration routes for European settlers to and from Allegany County, New York Genealogy included:[4]


Civil War

Town registers. The New York town clerks kept a bound register of all soldiers from their town serving in the Civil War 1861-1865. Registers are arranged by county, and town. Some town registers are missing. The registers include an index at the start of each town.

Content. Many register entries include full name, residence, date and place of birth, parents names, marital status, date of enlistment and muster and rank, discharges, death, or promotion.

Access. The original registers are at the New York State Archives in Albany, New York. Microfilm copies are found at the Family History Library (FHL Film 1993401-37). They are also indexed and available at Ancestry.com ($).

Available towns. Registers are available for: Alfred · Allen · Alma · Almond · Amity · Andover · Angelica · Belfast · Birdsall · Bolivar · Burns · Caneadea · Centerville · Clarksville · Cuba · Genesee · Granger · Grove · Hume · Independence · Rushford · Scio · Ward · Wellsville · West Almond · Willing · Wirt .

Regiments. Service men in Allegany County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Allegany County.[6] [7]

-104th Regiment, New York Infantry
-130th Regiment, New York Infantry
-136th Regiment, New York Infantry
-160th Regiment, New York Infantry
-189th Regiment, New York Infantry

List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883 (Source: Internet Archive)

World War II Casualties, Army and Army Air Coorps  (Source: AccessGenealogy)

Naturalization and Citizenship

SAMPUBCO Browsable index of applicants.




Probate Records

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the county Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 57.

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the county Surrogate Court.

The petitions for Allegany County, New York Genealogy are also available on microfilm at the Family History Library and its centers:

Online Probate Indexes

Online Probate Records

Original county-by-county New York, Probate Records, 1629-1971 are available free online at FamilySearch. To access these records, click Historical Records below, then click "Browse through 1,630,900 images". Then select the county name, and then the probate records and time of interest.

  • [1] Historical Records - Allegany County: Administration bonds, 1890-1900; Administration orders, 1869-1902; Decrees, Minutes, Orders, 1807-1903; Final settlements, 1852-1904; Guardianship bonds, 1890-1920; Guardianship orders, 1852-1905; Guardianship records, 1829-1907; Index, 1807-1952; Journals, 1818-1884; Letters of administration, 1852-1901; Letters testamentary, 1852-1901; Orders, 1842-1907; Proceedings, 1812-1829; Publication orders, 1892-1916; Real estate records, 1843-1899; Wills, 1831-1906

Probate Records on Microfilm

The probate records described above also may be among those on microfilm including:

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Allegany County, New York Genealogy probate wills in online catalogs like:


Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in Allegany County, New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1980). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.784 A3g. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries and Museums


Belfast Public Library
P.O. Box 455 75 South Main Street
Belfast, NY 14711
Phone 1-585-365-2072
Website: http://WWW.STLS.ORG/BELFAST

Dansville Public Library
200 Main Street
Dansville, NY 14437
Phone: 1-585-335-6720

Hornell Public Library
64 Genesee St
Hornell, NY 14843
Phone: 1-607-324-1210
Website: http://WWW.STLS.ORG/HORNELL

David A. Howe Public Library
155 North Main Street
Wellsville, NY 14895
Phone: 1-585-593-3410

Howard Public Library
3607 County Route 70A
Hornell, NY 14843
Phone: 1- 607-566-2412

Whitesville Public Library
500 Main Street
Witesville, NY 14897
Phone: 1-607-356-3645

County Historian's Office

Allegany County Department of History[9]
Craig Braack, Historian
7 Court Street
Belmont, NY 14813
Phone: 585-268-9293
E-mail: braackc@alleganyco.com

The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.


The County Clerk's office has marriage records from 1908- 1935, land records from 1807, divorce and court records. The Surrogate's court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Allegany County are held, see the Allegany County Courthouses page.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for Allegany County, New York Genealogy is the Bronx New York Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.


Allegany County Historical Society
P. O. Box 588
Wellsville, NY 14895
Phone: 1-585-268-7428

Painted Hills Genealogy Society
Mary E. Bryant: Founder and President
E-mail: paint@paintedhills.org

Genealogical Resources: This  Society covers the Painted Hills Area of Western New York and Northwestern Pennsylvania, particularly the counties of Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Steuben in New York and the Pennsylvania counties of McKean and Potter .

Central New York Genealogical Society[10]
Box 104, Calvin Station
Syracuse, New York 13205
E-mail: CNYSG@yahoo.com

Member queries; surname research list; online resources; six meetings/year; publication: Tree Talks (At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 B2t) quarterly with annual index.
Counties served: Albany, Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Erie, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Genesee, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Montgomery, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Oreleans, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins, Washington, Wayne, Warren, Wyoming, and Yates.

Western New York Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 338
Hamburg, New York 14075-0338
Email: info@wnygs.org

Focus is on eight Western New York counties - Erie, Niagara, Genesee, Wyoming, Orleans, Chautauqua, Cattaraugus and Allegany - which comprise the area of the original Holland Land Company purchase.

Social Groups Online


Town Records

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. Vital records from 1880/1882 are kept by town and village clerks, although some (Kent’s and Putnam Valley’s) are available in the County Historian’s Office. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

The County Archives has the following records:

  • 031 Petitions, Licenses, and recognizance to sell liquor (Tavern licenses) 1813-1878
  • 139 Monthly Reports of Hunting and fishing licenses, 1908-1938
  • 165 Certificates of Qualifications as Examiner in Lunacy, 1883-1947

Vital Records

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.


Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

Birth Substitutes

  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for birth information.

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. The marriages in this county were recorded by the county clerk from 1908 until 1935.[11]

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry– ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.


All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.


All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.


All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.


Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

Death Substitutes

  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.
  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Mortality Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for death information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Allegany County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Allegany– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers

Allegany County New York Genealogy Websites

Allegany County New York Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook, 478.
  3. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  4. Handybook, 847-61.
  5. Paul A. W. Wallace, Indian Paths of Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, Pa.: PA Historical and Museum Commission, 1971), 46-48. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.8 H2wp.
  6. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  7. Frederick Henry Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, (Des Moines, Iowa: Dyer Publishing Co., 1908), as cited at Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (database on-line) at http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ (accessed 2010).
  8. About Abstracts of Wills, Admins. and Guardianships in NY State, 1787-1835 at New York Ancestors, accessed 8 December 2011, http://newyorkancestors.org/.
  9. Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Genealogist's Address Book: State and Local Resources, with Special Resources Including Ethnic and Religious Organizations, 6th ed. (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Pub., 2009), 371. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D24ben 2009.
  10. Central New York Genealogical Society at http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nycnygs/index.htm (accessed 1 November 2011).
  11. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488-493. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.

Allegany County New York Places

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