Allegany County, Maryland Genealogy

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This article is about a western Maryland county. For other uses, see Allegany.

United States Gotoarrow.png Maryland Gotoarrow.png Allegany County

Guide to Allegany County Maryland genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Maryland
Online Records

Allegany County, Maryland
Map of Maryland highlighting Allegany County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the U.S. highlighting Maryland
Location of Maryland in the U.S.
Founded December 25, 1789
County Seat Cumberland
Allegany County, Maryland Courthouse.JPG
Address Allegany County Courthouse
3 Pershing Street
Cumberland, MD 21502
Phone: (301) 777-5911
Allegany County Website

Allegany County Maryland Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Allegany County, Maryland Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1898 1791 1898 1800 1791 1790

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, court
and land records from 1791 and naturalization
records 1821-1973.
Register of Wills has probate

Allegany County Maryland Quick History

The name Allegany comes from the Allegheny Mountains. "Allegany" itself, derived from a local Native American word, oolikhanna, means "beautiful stream."

Allegheny Mountain Range Spruce Knob.JPG


Parent County

25 December 1789: Allegany County was created 25 December 1789 from Washington County.[1]

Boundary Changes

4 November 1872:  western part of the county was set off to form Garrett County.[1]

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890

Allegany County Maryland Places/Localities

Populated Places

Alleghany County Boundary Map.jpg

Cumberland | Frostburg


Barton | Lonaconing | Luke | Midland | Westernport

Variant Place Names
  • Mount Savage > Arnold Settlement, Corriganville, Jennings, Jennings Run, Jennons Run, Luthworth

Neighboring Counties


Maryland counties:

Pennsylvania counties:

West Virginia counties:

Allegany County Maryland Genealogy Resources


Allegany County Biographies

Biographies from Allegany County, Maryland

Cemeteries (Rural)

For cemeteries in or very near cities or towns, please refer to populated places above.


For tips on accessing Allegany County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.

Census records

  • 1790
  • 1800
  • 1810
  • 1820
  • 1830
  • 1840
  • 1850
  • 1850 Slave
  • 1860
  • 1860 Slave
  • 1870
  • 1880
  • 1890 Veterans
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 1920
  • 1930

Church Records

Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions identifies all churches known to have existed in Allegany County, Maryland. It covers all denominations and includes record descriptions. The following records from their collection have been digitized and made available to view for free online:

Allegany County Church Records


Allegany County Court Records


Family Histories

  • [Lamar] Lamar, William Harmong, "Thomas Lamar of the Province of Maryland, and a Part of His Descendants," Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul. 1897):203-210. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  • [Randolph] Randolph, Blanche Willie Grace and Deborah Ann Kraemer Small. The Randolphs of Prince William County, Virginia. Little Rock, Arkansas: B. Randolph, 1979. FHL Collection
  • [Randolph] Small, Deborah Ann Kraemer and Blanche Willie Grace Randolph. The Randolphs of Prince William County, Virginia, Volume II. Winter Park, Florida: D. Small, 1989. FHL Collection
  • [Randolph] Raski, Arma, James Randolph, and Glenita Guthrie. Additions & Corrections to Vol. II, the Randolphs of Prince William Co., VA by Deborah K. SmallFHL 6075877


Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Allegany County Deed Books (1791-present) have been uploaded to their website: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)

Other Allegany County land resources include:

Allegany County Land Records

Local Histories



Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Maryland, Alleghany County on page 127.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Maryland, Alleghany County [sic], pp. 109-110. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]

Civil War

Civil War service men from Allegany County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Allegancy County.

- 2nd Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company A, B, C, G, H, I, K
- 3rd Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade , Company A, B, C, D, H




Allegany County Wills

  • "Index to Wills of Allegany County, Md., 1784-1850," The Maryland and Delaware Genealogist, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Winter 1990):10-11; Vol. 31, No. 2 (Spring 1990):50-51; Vol. 31, No. 3 (Summer 1990):90-91. FHL US/CAN Book 975 B2m

Research Guides

Russell, Donna Valley. Allegany and Garrett Counties, Maryland, Genealogical Research Guide. New Market, Md.: Catoctin Press, 1996.


  • 1793 - "1793 Tax Assessment of Allegany County," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Apr. 1990):50-55; Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul. 1990):107-112; Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct. 1990):160-164.

Vital Records




Allegany County Maryland Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Donald L. Alexander Library
Allegany College of Maryland, Cumerland Campus
12401 Willowbrook Road, SE
Cumberland, MD 21502-2596

The archives of the Genealogical Society of Allegany County, Maryland (ACGS) are held in the Appalachian Room of the Library of Allegany College of Maryland ( Various newspapers are available mostly in microfilm format.  A collection of extracts gleaned from obituaries published in local Allegany County newspapers in the 19th and 20th centuries is available on microfilm in the Appalachian Room (Call No. Apl CS68.G46.H36).  Known as the Mrs. Hazel Groves Hansrote notes, the collection includes carefully transcribed notes of family relationships mentioned in the obituaries and is organized alphabetically by family surname. 

Research assistance is generally available on Mondays, staff by the ACGS.

Family History Centers

Allegany County Maryland Genealogy Websites

Allegany County Maryland Genealogy References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Allegany County, Maryland page 317, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "HBG" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "HBG" defined multiple times with different content
  2. List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883), 109-110. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive.