Alaska: American Indians

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Alaska is an Aleut word meaning "great land" or "that which the sea breaks against".

Tribes and Bands of Alaska

Ahtena, Aleut, Athapascan, Dihai-Kutchin, Eskimo, Haida, Han, Ingalik, Inupiat, Koyukon, Kutcha-Kutchin, Nabesna, Niska, Natsit-Kutchin, Tanaina, Tanana, Tennuth-Kutchin, Tlingit, Tranjik-Kutchin, Tsimshian, Vunta-Kutchin, Yupik

Inuit is used for Eskimos living in Canada.


  • Hodge, Frederick Webb., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907.
  • Swanton, John W. The Indian Tribes of North America,  Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin #145, 1984. (ISBN 0-8063-1730-2   LofC 2002117802)


  • Annette Island Reservation; Federal, under the jurisdiction of Metlakatla Field Office, Tribes: Tsimposhian
  • Craig Reeservation: State, under the jurisdiction of Prince of Wales Island, Tribe: Tlingit
  • Hoonah Reservation: State, under the jurisdiction of Chicagof Island, Tribe: Tlingit
  • Hydaburg Reservation: State, under the jurisdiction of Prince of Wales Island, Tribe: Haida
  • Kake Reservation: State, under the jurisdiction of Kupreanof Island, Tribe: Tlingit
  • Klawock Reservation: State, under the jurisdiction of Prince of Wales Island, Tribe: Tlingit
  • Isaacs, Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of Americna Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations, Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.


  • Juneau Agency school records 1927-1952. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs, FHL film 1st of nine 1030793 


  • Anchorage Agency
  • Alaska Agency (5 April 1873- 24 May 1874, Fredrick S. Hall, agent)
  • Bethel Agency
  • Hone Agency
  • Juneau Agency
  • Southeast Agency Fairbanks
  • Metlakatla F.O., P.O. Box 458, Metlakatla Field Station,
  • Metlakatla, AK 99926


  • Hill, Edward E., The Office of Indian Affairs 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater publishing Co., Inc., 1974
(Edition for 1967 published under title: Historical sketches fro juisdictional and subject heading used for the letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-80.)

Family History Library

for a complete list of records search theFamily History Library Catalog by Tribe and Locality

  • Records of Alaska Division of Bureau of Indian Affairs 1887-1933. (14 films M1333 1st film 1695285)

Web Sites

See also:

Alaska - Church for missions

Alaska_History for a calendar of events

Alaska - Military for a list of forts