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''[[United States|United States]] &gt; [[United States Vital Records|U.S. Vital Records]] &gt; [[Alabama|Alabama]] &gt; [[Alabama_Birth,_Marriage,_and_Death_Records|Alabama Birth, Marriage, &amp; Death Records]]''<br><br>
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{{AL-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=[[United States Vital Records|U.S. Vital Records]]  
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| link3=[[Alabama, United States Genealogy|Alabama]]  
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| link4=
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| link5=[[Alabama Vital Records|Vital Records]]
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}}
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'''Introduction to Vital Records'''  
  
<br>
+
[[United States Vital Records|Vital Records]] consist of [[United States Birth Records|births]], adoptions, [[United States Marriage Records|marriages]], divorces, and [[United States Death Records|deaths]] recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. [[Locating United States Vital Records|United States Vital Records]]&nbsp;has&nbsp;additional research guidance&nbsp;on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/w2w/alabama.htm Alabama Vital Records State Department of Health] or the&nbsp;County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also {{FHL|471426|subject_id|disp=Alabama indexes}} and {{FHL|377581|subject_id|disp=Alabama Record Collections}} found in the FamilySearch Catalog.
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
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{| width="60%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| width="44%" | __TOC__  
 
| width="44%" | __TOC__  
| valign="middle" | <center>'''Search&nbsp;Indexes'''</center>
+
| valign="middle" | <center>'''&nbsp; [[Image:Vital Records Collage.JPG|center|350px|Vital Records Collage.JPG]]&nbsp;&nbsp; '''<br></center>  
{| style="width: 318px; height: 166px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="318" align="right" border="1"
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{| width="318" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Marriage Records'''&nbsp;  
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| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Marriage Records'''&nbsp;  
| '''Death/Will'''&nbsp;'''Records'''
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| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Death'''&nbsp;'''Records'''
 
|-
 
|-
| [http://www.censusdiggins.com/alabama_marriages.html#Alabama Early -&nbsp;1825]  
+
| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [http://www.censusdiggins.com/alabama_marriages.html#Alabama Early -&nbsp;1825]  
| [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/default.aspx?htx=BookList&dbid=48006 1808 - 1870]
+
| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | {{RecordSearch|1307888|Alabama Deaths, 1908-1974}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7838&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 1800 - 1969]
+
| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | {{RecordSearch|1674672|Alabama Marriages, 1816-1957}}
| [http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5188 1908 - 1959]
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| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/default.aspx?htx=BookList&dbid=48006 1808 - 1870]&nbsp;&nbsp; $
 
|-
 
|-
| [http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4192 1809 - 1920]  
+
| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7838&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 1800 - 1969]&nbsp; $
| [http://ssdi.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ 1962 - Present]
+
| valign="middle" height="35" bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" |
 +
[http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5188 1908 - 1959]&nbsp;&nbsp; $
 +
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
<br>  
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
  
 
|}
 
|}
 +
== Online Resources ==
 +
'''Births:'''<br>
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1661470|Alabama, Births and Christenings, 1881-1930}} Index only.
 +
*{{RecordSearch|3335352|Alabama, County Birth Registers, 1881-1930}} Index only.
 +
'''Marriages:'''<br>
 +
*[https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-records/united-states-marriages?state=alabama United States Marriages – Alabama, 1733-2013] ($) index and images
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1898&path= Alabama, Marriages, Deaths, Wills, Court, and Other Records, 1784-1920] Book ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7838 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800-1969] Index only ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2080 Alabama Marriages to 1825] Abstracts ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61365 Alabama, County Marriages, 1805-1967] Index and images ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1743384|Alabama, County Marriages, 1809-1950}} Index and images.
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4192 Alabama Marriages, 1809-1920 (Selected Counties)] ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1674672|Alabama Marriages, 1816-1957}} Index only.
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60000 Alabama, Select Marriages, 1816-1957] ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60922 Alabama, Marriage Indexes, 1814-1935], index, images, ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|2534485|Alabama County Marriages, 1818-1936}}, Index and images
 +
'''Deaths:'''<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1898&path= Alabama, Marriages, Deaths, Wills, Court, and Other Records, 1784-1920] Book ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1710 Alabama Death Record of State Convicts, 1843-1951]
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1674670|Alabama, Deaths and Burials, 1881-1952}} Index only.
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2543 Alabama, Deaths and Burials Index, 1881-1974] ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1307888|Alabama, Deaths, 1908-1974}} Index only.
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5188 Alabama Deaths, 1908-59] Index only ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1710 Alabama Death Record of State Convicts, 1843-1951]($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1202535|United States Social Security Death Index}}.
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60901 U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007], incomplete, ($).
 +
*[http://www.deathindexes.com/alabama/index.html Online Alabama Death Records, Indexes &amp; Obituaries]
 +
'''Divorce:'''<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8976 Alabama Divorce Index, 1950-1959] ($)
  
<br><br>
+
== Birth Records  ==
 
 
== Alabama Birth, Marriage, &amp; Death Records Online ==
 
 
 
==== [[Alabama, United States - Online Vital Records|Alabama Vital Records&nbsp;Online Links]]  ====
 
 
 
After locating a person in the [[Alabama, United States - Online Vital Records|Alabama Vital Record Indexes]], original records should always be consulted.&nbsp;Very few digitized&nbsp;images of originals are available online.&nbsp;
 
  
=== '''Alabama Quick Links:'''  ===
+
To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Alabama county birth records, click [http://user.xmission.com/~jsvare/FR/AL_FRB.html here].
 
+
=== Before 1881  ===
*[http://www.fhlfavorites.info/Links/USA_States/States_Frames/Alabama/Alabama_Frame.htm Alabama Links] from the SLC FHL Online [http://www.fhlfavorites.info/ Favorite Links] for the World -&nbsp;Free
 
*[http://lrp.algensoc.org/lrpw/loader2.html Alabama Loose Records Index] by the [http://www.archives.alabama.gov/research.html Alabama&nbsp;Department of Archives and History]&nbsp;- Free
 
*[http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/regional.html#Alabama Alabama Databases] from [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ Rootsweb.org]&nbsp;- Free
 
*USGenWeb.org [http://www.algenweb.us/ Alabama Site] - Free
 
*Record Search look through the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#r=0;p=allCollections Canada, USA, and Mexico] Collections for Alabama - Free
 
*Vital Records Search and Information Directory for [http://www.daddezio.com/records/room/RR-AL-NDX.html Alabama] - Free/$
 
*Wee Monster Links for Alabama [http://home.att.net/~wee-monster/vitalrecords.html#Alabama Birth &amp; Marriage]&nbsp;and [http://home.att.net/~wee-monster/deathrecords.html Death] Records -&nbsp;Free/$
 
*Linkpendium Links for [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AL/ Alabama Genealogy and History], including individual Counties&nbsp;-&nbsp;Free/$&nbsp;
 
*Progenealogists Links for the [http://progenealogists.com/genealogysleuthb.htm United States]. Try "Ctrl F" then search for Alabama or AL -&nbsp;Free/$
 
*Ancestry.com [http://www.ancestry.com/search/locality/dbpage.aspx?tp=2&p=3&categoryFilterID=34&showPaging=true Alabama Birth, Marriage &amp; Death] Records - $&nbsp;
 
*Address to Order [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/w2w/alabama.htm Alabama Certificates]&nbsp;-&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1247073573052_30" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1247073573052_178" />$&nbsp;
 
  
== Introduction to Vital Records ==
+
No births were recorded by government agencies prior to 1881. See [[Alabama, United States - Birth - 1817-1849]], [[Alabama, United States - Birth - 1850-1907]] or '''Substitute''' '''Records''' below.<br>
  
Alabama Vital Records include birth, marriage, divorce, and death registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or extract of the original record may be&nbsp;purchased from&nbsp;the [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/w2w/alabama.htm Alabama Vital Records State Department of Health] or the&nbsp;County Clerk's office where the event occurred. An overview of [[Locating United States Vital Records|United States Vital Records]] offers additional insight into researching vital records in general. See also [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=AL_BMDT3_Statewide_Indexes.ASP#Step Alabama Statewide indexes and collections] at the FHL.
+
=== 1881 to 1908  ===
  
== Minorities  ==
+
Starting in 1881, the State of Alabama required individual counties to register the birth of children. Because most counties were slow to comply, not all births were recorded. In addition, many records from this time period are missing or were destroyed. Birth&nbsp;registers from this time period usually <u>do</u> <u>not</u> list the name of the child.
  
==== African American&nbsp; ====
+
FamilySearch has a&nbsp;partial index of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1661470 Births and Christenings, 1881-1930]. Background information about the source of this index is available [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Alabama_Births_and_Christenings_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) here].
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama_Minorities African-American&nbsp;research]&nbsp;in [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:Alabama Alabama] falls into two periods: pre- and post-Civil War. Post-Civil War research consists of the same record used to research non-African-Americans. [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/African_American_Slavery_and_Bondage Pre-Civil War slavery research] consists of '''slave importation declarations''', '''plantation records''', '''emancipation records''', '''apprenticeship bonds for freedmen''', [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama_Census census records], plantation owners’ family records, [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama_Church_Records church] records, cemetery records, [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama_Military_Records military records], probate and court records.  
+
To obtain copies of birth records from this time period, contact the County Court where the birth occurred.  
  
==== Alabama Indians  ====
+
To access microfilmed copies of county birth records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of the[https://familysearch.org/catalog-search FamilySearch Catalog] for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format: &nbsp;"Alabama, &lt;county name&gt;". &nbsp;(See [[FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search|How to do a Place-name search]] wiki page.)
  
When researching [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Indians_of_Alabama Alabama Indians],&nbsp;it is important to identify the tribe to which an ancestor may have have belonged. Most [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:Indians_of_North_America North American Indian] records are arranged either by tribal name or by locality of residence.&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
=== 1908 to Present  ===
  
== Birth Records  ==
+
The [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/index.asp?id=1559 State of Alabama] required the registration of births on a state level beginning in 1908. Early registration in this time period was sketchy. Most births were recorded by 1927. Early birth&nbsp;registers and certificates generally do not contain the name of the child but may contain other important information&nbsp;as&nbsp;shown in the&nbsp;table below. It is more common to find the child's name by the 1920's. Birth Certificates are confidential for 125 years following the date of birth. To obtain copies of original birth records, contact the&nbsp; [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1559 Alabama Department of Public Health].&nbsp; Also see&nbsp; [[Alabama, United States - Birth - 1908-Present]].
  
'''1881 to 1908'''&nbsp;
+
=== Resources for Alabama Birth Records  ===
  
The State of Alabama requested&nbsp;registration of&nbsp;births&nbsp;at the county level&nbsp;in 1881. However,&nbsp;most counties were slow to comply. These early birth&nbsp;registers usually <u>do not</u> list the name of the child. Many records are missing, were never created,&nbsp;or were destroyed during this time period.  
+
*For indexes and other available online records, see [[Alabama Vital Records Online|Alabama Vital Records Online]].
  
'''1908 to Present&nbsp;'''
+
== Adoption Records  ==
  
The [http://www.alabama.gov/portal/secondary.jsp?page=AboutAlabama_Genealogy State of Alabama] did not require birth registration&nbsp;at the state level until&nbsp;1908.&nbsp;The recording&nbsp;of vital&nbsp;records gradually increased with time&nbsp;and was generally complied with by 1927.&nbsp;Most of&nbsp;the&nbsp;early birth&nbsp;'''registers''' and '''certificates''' do not list the name of the child, but may contain&nbsp;the sex, race, place and date of birth, parents, and possibly the physician or midwife attending the birth.&nbsp;By the 1920's, it&nbsp;was more common to find the child's name&nbsp;in the&nbsp;record.&nbsp;Some sources for&nbsp;online indexes&nbsp;are at&nbsp;[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama%2C_United_States_-_Online_Vital_Records Alabama Vital Records Online].&nbsp; [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1559 Alabama Vital Records State Department of Health]&nbsp;has instructions for ordering copies of birth certificates.
+
[http://laws.adoption.com/statutes/alabama-laws.html Alabama adoption law] requires the creation of a new birth certificate after a legal adoption has taken place. The original birth certificate and evidence of adoption are then placed in a sealed file and the new certificate is substituted for the original birth certificate in the [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/ State Department of Vital Statistics] files. Starting August 1, 2000, original birth records (as well as all documents in the sealed file) became available to adoptees once they reached the age of 19. The [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1563 Alabama Department of Public Health] has detailed information about obtaining copies of sealed birth records. See [[Adoption Research]] for more information.  
 
 
{| style="width: 474px; height: 408px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="474" border="1"
 
|+ '''Information that may be included in Alabama&nbsp;Birth Records'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="40" | '''Types of Information<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''before&nbsp;- 1881<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''1881 - 1908<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''1908 - present<br>'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Name of Child<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | <br>
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Sex'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Race'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Date of Birth'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Place of Birth'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Parent's Names'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Midwife/Doctor'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Occupation of Father'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Residence'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|}
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
=== Adoption Records  ===
 
 
 
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Adoption_Research Adoption Research]. After a legal&nbsp;adoption is completed, Alabama law&nbsp;requires the creation of a new birth certificate. The original birth certificate and evidence of adoption are placed in a "sealed file." The new&nbsp;certificate is then substituted for the original birth certificate in the [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/ State Department of Vital Statistics] files.  
 
 
 
As of August 1, 2000, original birth&nbsp;records&nbsp;became available to adoptees once they reach the age of 19. The law allows&nbsp;all adult adoptees whose original birth certificate and court records were placed in a "sealed file" to obtain a&nbsp;copy of&nbsp;the birth&nbsp;certificate&nbsp;and any other documents&nbsp;held in the file.&nbsp;
 
 
 
The birth&nbsp;parent may&nbsp;indicate a preference for 1) '''unrestricted contact''', 2) '''contact through an intermediary''', or 3) '''n'''o '''contact'''.&nbsp;If the birth parent&nbsp;chooses no contact, an Updated Medical History form must be completed and placed in the file.&nbsp;The [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1558 Alabama Department of Public Health] has detailed information on obtaining copies of these [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1563 sealed&nbsp;birth records].  
 
  
 
== Marriage Records  ==
 
== Marriage Records  ==
  
Before the Statewide registration of marriages in Alabama began in 1936, the Clerk of the '''Probate Court '''in each county issued licenses and recorded marriages. The county marriage&nbsp;records usually began within&nbsp;ten years of the creation of the county.&nbsp;
+
To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Alabama county marriage records, click [http://user.xmission.com/~jsvare/FR/AL_FRM.html here].
 +
=== 1799 - March 3, 1817 Mississippi Territory  ===
  
'''1799 - March 3, 1817 Mississippi Territory'''
+
In 1799, a law passed in the Mississippi Territory (including present day Alabama) requiring marriage licenses and bonds to be registered at the Orphans Court in the county of the bride's residence. To obtain copies of original marriage records, contact the Probate Court in the county where the license was issued.<br> To access microfilmed copies of county marriage records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of the [https://familysearch.org/catalog-search FamilySearch Catalog] for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format: &nbsp;"Alabama, &lt;county name&gt;". &nbsp;(See [[FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search|How to do a Place-name search]] wiki page.)
  
Early marriage records for that part of the Mississippi Territory that would become the Alabama Territory&nbsp;began in 1799. Licenses and '''bonds&nbsp;'''were registered&nbsp;in the '''Orphans Court '''in the county of the bride's residence.&nbsp;
+
=== 1818 - 1957 Alabama Territory/State  ===
  
'''1818 - 1936 Alabama Territory/State&nbsp;'''
+
Marriage licenses and bonds were registered in the Orphans Court (renamed the Probate Court in 1850) in the county of the bride's residence. Starting in 1888, bonds were only required if the groom was under the age of 21 or the bride was under the age of 18. To obtain copies of original marriage records, contact the Probate Court in the county where the license was issued or the [http://www.archives.alabama.gov/ Alabama Department of Archives and History].
  
Early marriage&nbsp;licenses and bonds were registered in the Orphans Court in the County of the bride's residence. In&nbsp;1844 the Orphans Court was renamed the '''Probate Court'''.&nbsp;From 1888 on, bonds were only required if the groom was under the age of 21 or the bride was under the age of 18.  
+
To access microfilmed copies of county marriage records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of the [https://familysearch.org/catalog-search FamilySearch Catalog] for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format: "Alabama, &lt;county name&gt;". &nbsp;(See [[FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search|How to do a Place-name search]] wiki page.)
  
The county marriage records usually began within ten years of the creation of the county. The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHL/frameset_library.asp Family History Library] has microfilms of the county marriage records for most [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localityrelated&columns=*%2C0%2C0&subject=356&subject_disp=Alabama Alabama Counties]. These films may be ordered and viewed at a&nbsp;nearby [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp Family History Center].<br>
+
FamilySearch provides a name index to [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1674672 Alabama&nbsp;Marriages, 1816-1957].&nbsp;&nbsp; Background information regarding these historical records is available [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Alabama_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) here].&nbsp; Also available for some counties are&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1743384 indexes and images of Alabama, County Marriages, 1809-1950]. (Records are added as they become available.)
  
'''1936 - Present'''&nbsp;
+
=== 1936 - Present ===
  
Alabama began keeping statewide Marriage Records in&nbsp;August of 1936. For current fees and instructions for obtaining copies of the state’s records, contact the [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/ Alabama Department of Public Health]. For marriages prior to 1936, contact the Probate Court in the County where license was issued. The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHL/frameset_library.asp Family History Library] has films of the statewide&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=639205 ''Marriage Certificates for&nbsp;1936–1992; and an Index for&nbsp;1936–1959''] that may be ordered and viewed at a nearby [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp Family History Center].
+
Alabama started keeping statewide marriage records in August of 1936. For current fees and instructions for obtaining copies of the State’s records, contact the [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/ Alabama Department of Public Health].  
 
 
There are&nbsp;a number of books with [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama_Statewide_Marriage_Indexes_at_the_FHL Statewide Indexes] to Alabama marriages in the FHL collection that may be viewed at the FHL or borrowed from other libraries through interlibrary loan.&nbsp;
 
 
 
[http://www.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2080 Alabama Marriages to 1825]&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
 
 
[http://www.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4192 Alabama Marriages, 1809-1920]<br>
 
 
 
{| style="width: 486px; height: 353px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="486" border="1"
 
|+ '''Information that may be included in Alabama Marriage Records'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="40" | '''Types of Information<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''1799 - 1817<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''1818 - 1936<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''1936 - present<br>'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Name of Bride/Groom<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | <br>x
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Date of Marriage<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Location of Marriage<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Presiding Official<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Bondmen<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Number of Marriage for Bride/Groom<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Parents' Names<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Age of Bride/Groom<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Occupation of Groom<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
|}
 
  
<br>
+
=== Resources for Alabama Marriage Records  ===
  
=== Divorce Records ===
+
*For indexes and other available online records, see [[Alabama Vital Records Online|Alabama Vital Records Online]].
 +
*Alabama. Department of Health. ''Marriage Certificates for 1936–1992; and an Index for 1936–1959''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1993. {{FHL|639205|item|disp=FHL Film 1,907,711 (first of 1,016 films)}}
 +
*''Early Alabama Marriages 1810–1850: Many Continue or End Between 1850 to 1900, a Few Continue Through from 1900–1936''. 44 vols. San Antonio, Texas: Family Adventures, 1991. {{WorldCat|24998145|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}{{FHL|646192|item|disp=FHL Book 976.1 V22e}}
 +
*''Early Alabama Marriage Records''. Shreveport, Louisiana&nbsp;: J &amp; W Ent., c1991. {{WorldCat|33848720|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}{{FHL|661197|item|disp=FHL Book 976.1 V2e}}
 +
*Dodd, Jordan R., Norman L. Moyes, and Liahona Research, Inc. ''Alabama Marriages Early to 1825: A Research Tool.'' Bountiful, Utah: Precision Indexing, 1991. {{WorldCat|24915574|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}{{FHL|555935|item|disp=FHL Book 976.1 V2a}}
 +
*Gandrud, Pauline Myra Jones. ''Marriage, Death and Legal Notices from Early Alabama Newspapers, 1819-1893''. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, c1981. {{WorldCat|11372100|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} {{FHL|1760|item|disp=FHL Book 976.1 V2g}}
  
'''Early - 1950'''&nbsp;
+
== Divorce Records  ==
  
In the early 1800's, the legislature, '''circuit courts''', and '''city courts '''granted divorces. Alabama divorces were also settled or tried in county '''chancery courts '''until 1915 when the chancery courts were merged with the county circuit court. The state legislature finalized early divorces for a period and these early&nbsp;records were published in the '''Senate and House Journals'''.
+
=== Early - 1950  ===
  
For divorce records prior to this time, contact the [http://www.acadv.org/courts.html Clerk of Circuit Court] in the county where divorce was granted.  
+
Prior to 1950, divorces could be granted by the State Legislature, Circuit Courts, City Courts, and County Chancery Courts. In 1915, the County Chancery Courts were merged with the County Circuit Courts. Divorces finalized by the State Legislature can be found in the published Alabama [http://www.legislature.state.al.us/aliswww/AlaLegHistory.htm Legislative Journals]. To locate divorce records for this time period, contact the [http://acadv.org/content/uploads/2014/10/Alabama-Circuit-Courts.pdf Clerk of Circuit Court] in the county where the divorce was granted.
  
<br>'''1950 - Present'''&nbsp;
+
=== 1950 - Present ===
  
Statewide Divorce Records for Alabama began January of&nbsp;1950. There is&nbsp;an online index for&nbsp;[http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8976&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Alabama Divorces for 1950-1959].  
+
In January 1950, Alabama started keeping statewide divorce records. Contact the [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1561 Alabama Department of Public Health] to obtain divorce records for this time period. [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8976&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry.com] also has an index for divorces granted between 1950 and 1959. ($)
  
 
== Death Records  ==
 
== Death Records  ==
 +
To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Alabama county death records, click [http://user.xmission.com/~jsvare/FR/AL_FRD.html here].
 +
=== Before 1881  ===
  
'''January 1908 - Present'''  
+
No deaths were recorded by government agencies. See '''Substitute Records''' below. Also see [[Alabama, United States - Death - 1702-1816]], [[Alabama, United States - Death - 1817-1849]] and [[Alabama, United States - Death - 1850-1899]]
 
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama%2C_United_States_-_Online_Vital_Records Alabama VItal Records Online] has a number of quick links to death indexes for Alabama.
 
*Alabama Statewide Deaths from 1908-1974 are available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1307888;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable Record Search]  
 
*The [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Social_Security_Death_Index_%28SSDI%29 Social Security Death Index] (SSDI) is&nbsp;online&nbsp;and contains records of deaths for those who had social security numbers and the death was reported to the United States Social Security Administration. Most records start in 1962, but the file does contain a few records of deaths from 1942 until 1961.
 
 
 
The [http://www.adph.org/vitalrecords/ Alabama Center for Health Statistics] began filing death certificates in January of&nbsp;1908 for persons who died in Alabama. Death Certificates contain&nbsp;personal information on the deceased from an informant, usually a relative. The information was&nbsp;sent to the county, who sent a copy to the state. <br>Death record information may include:
 
  
{| style="width: 481px; height: 354px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="481" border="1"
+
=== 1881 to 1908 ===
|+ '''Information that may be included in Alabama&nbsp;Death Records'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="40" | '''Types of Information<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''before&nbsp;- 1908<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" |
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" bgcolor="#66cccc" | '''1908 - present<br>'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Name of Deceased<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | <br>'''x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Date of Death'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Place of Death'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Date of Birth'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Place of Birth'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Place of Burial'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Parent's Names'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" | '''Occupation of Deceased'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="52%" bgcolor="#66cccc" height="25" |
 
'''Marital''' '''Status'''
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
+
Starting in 1881, the State of Alabama required individual counties to register deaths. Because most counties were slow to comply, not all deaths were recorded. In addition, many records from this time period are missing or were destroyed.
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>'''
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="16%" | '''<br>x'''
 
|}
 
  
<br>
+
FamilySearch has a partial index of [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1674670 Deaths and Burials, 1881-1952]. Background information (including county names and number of records indexed) &nbsp;is available [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Alabama_Deaths_and_Burials_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) here].
  
*Name and location of the cemetery where buried
+
To obtain copies of death records from this time period, contact the County Court where the death occurred.
*Country or state and sometimes the town and county of birth for the parents
 
*Married name of spouse
 
*Names of parents, often with maiden surname of the mother
 
*Name of the informant, who is often a child or other family member
 
*Age of the deceased usually in years, months, and days
 
*Whether the deceased was single, married, widowed, or divorced at the time of death
 
  
The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHL/frameset_library.asp Family History Library] has microfilms of statewide [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=683729&disp=Alabama+deaths%2C+1908-1974%3B+index+t++ Death Records&nbsp;from 1908 to 1974]&nbsp;and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=683729&disp=Alabama+deaths%2C+1908%2D1974%3B+index+t%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Death Indexes from 1908 to 1959]&nbsp;that may be viewed at a nearby&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp Family History Center].  
+
To access microfilmed copies of county marriage records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of the [https://familysearch.org/catalog-search FamilySearch Catalog] for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format: "Alabama, &lt;county name&gt;". &nbsp;(See [[FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search|How to do a Place-name search]] wiki page.)
  
Alabama. Department of Health (Montgomery, Alabama). ''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=683729 Deaths, 1908–1972; Index to Deaths, 1908–1969]''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1993.
+
=== January 1908 - Present  ===
  
== '''Substitute Records'''  ==
+
Starting in January of 1908, Alabama State Law required the registration of all deaths occuring within the state of Alabama. Copies of death certificates were filed with the [http://www.adph.org/vitalrecords/ Alabama Center for Health Statistics]. Information found on a death certificate is reported by an informant (usually a relative) and may or may not be accurate.
  
*[[Alabama Church Records|Alabama Church Records]]
+
FamilySearch provides an [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1307888 index to death certificates from the state of Alabama, 1908-1974]. Background information regarding these historical records is available [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Alabama_Statewide_Death_Records_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) here].
*[[Alabama Cemeteries|Alabama_Cemtery Records]]
 
*[[Alabama Census|Federal Census:]]
 
*[[Alabama Census|Alabama Census]]&nbsp; Alabama had some pre 1850 census that included every name!
 
*[[Alabama History|Alabama History]]
 
*[[Alabama Newspapers|Alabama Newspapers:]] obituary, birth and marriage announcements, death notices
 
*[[Alabama Military Records|Alabama Military Records:]]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Alabama_Obituaries Alabama Obituaries]
 
  
<br>
+
To obtain copies of original&nbsp;death records, contact the [http://adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1560 Alabama Department of Public Health]. Also see[[Alabama, United States - Death - 1900-Present]].
  
== Lost / Missing Records  ==
+
=== Fetal Deaths ===
 +
Only parents may request a copy of a "Certificate of Birth Resulting in Stillbirth."  A "Fetal Death Report" is a statistical report and no certified copies are issued.  However, for a period of two years after the event, a non-certified copy may be requested by the parent.<ref>“United States Fetal Death Records,” ''Lake Superior Roots, v 29, no 2.'' (Marquette, Michigan:  Marquette County Genealogical Society, 2016), 11.</ref>
  
When record loss occurs there is usually an attempt to reconstruct the records, land records are reconstructed to establish clear or legal title and for tax purposes.
+
=== Resources for Alabama Death Records  ===
  
Nearly&nbsp;half of the counties in Alabama have had [http://myalabamagenealogy.com/index.htm#facts2 burned courthouses].&nbsp;A number of them have burned several times. However, not all records were lost.  
+
*For indexes and other available online records, see [[Alabama Vital Records Online|Alabama Vital Records Online]].
 +
*Alabama. Department of Health. ''Death Records&nbsp;from 1908 to 1974&nbsp;and Death Indexes from 1908 to 1959''.&nbsp;Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1993-2000. {{FHL|683729|item|disp=FHL Film 1,909,110 (first of 734 films)}}; also available at {{RecordSearch|1307888|Name of database}}; also see the wiki page [[Alabama Statewide Death Certificates - FamilySearch Historical Records|Alabama Statewide Death Certificates]] for information about the database.)
  
{| style="width: 480px; height: 344px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="480" align="center" border="1"
+
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:  
|+ '''Alabama Counties Lost or Missing Records'''
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" bgcolor="#66cccc" colspan="5" |
 
'''County'''<br>Year(s) of Record Loss
 
  
|-
+
*[[Alabama Statewide Death Records - FamilySearch Historical Records|Alabama Statewide Death Records - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Butler County, Alabama|'''Butler''']]<br>April 1853
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
+
== Minorities  ==
[[Coosa County, Alabama|'''Coosa''']]<br>1900
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
+
=== African Americans  ===
[[Franklin County, Alabama|'''Franklin''']]<br>1890
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="50" |  
+
When searching for birth, marriage, or death records for [[African American Research|African Americans]] after the Civil War, check the record types listed above. Birth, marriage, and death information for African Americans prior to the Civil War can be found in [[African American Slavery and Bondage|other sources]]. See [[Alabama Minorities|Alabama Minorities]] for more information.
[[Limestone County, Alabama|'''Limestone''']]<br>1862
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
+
=== Native Americans  ===
[[Pickens County, Alabama|'''Pickens''']] <br>1864, 1876
 
  
|-
+
In order to find birth, marriage, or death information on [[Indians of the United States and Their Records|Native Americans]] living in Alabama you must know which tribe the individual belonged to.&nbsp; [[Indians of Alabama|Indians of Alabama]] has more specific information about tribes in the State.
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Calhoun County, Alabama|'''Calhoun''']] <br>1861, 1865
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
+
== Substitute Records  ==
[[Covington County, Alabama|'''Covington''']] <br>1895
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
+
Use substitute records to verify and enrich knowledge about an event or where better records do not exist, to establish evidence of the birth, marriage or death of your ancestor.
[[Geneva County, Alabama|'''Geneva''']] <br>1898
 
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |  
+
*[[Alabama Cemeteries|Cemetery Records]]&nbsp;: Cemetery records are a rich source of birth and death information. These records may also reveal family relationships.
[[Marengo County, Alabama|'''Marengo''']]<br>1848, 1965
+
*[[Alabama Census|Federal/State Censuses]] - some pre-1850 censuses included every name.&nbsp;&nbsp;Census records are a valuable source for birth and marriage information. You may also determine approximate time of death when the individual disappear from the census. This is a good place to begin a search
 +
*[[Alabama Church Records|Church Records]]:&nbsp;Depending on the denomination, church records may contain information about birth, marriage and death.
 +
*[[Social Security Death Index (SSDI)|Social Security Death Index (SSDI)]]: The SSDI indexes deaths for those who had social security numbers and the death was reported to the Social Security Administration.
 +
*[[Alabama History|Histories]]:&nbsp;&nbsp;Local histories, family histories and biographies can all be sources of birth, marriage and death information. Often this information is found in county-level records or in surname searches of the FamilySearch Catalog.
 +
*[[Alabama Newspapers|Newspapers]] - look for birth announcements, marriages, reports on divorces, death notices, and [[Alabama Obituaries|Obituaries]]&nbsp;: Besides obituaries, local newspapers may contain birth and marriage announcements and death notices. Also check newspaper social columns for additional information.
 +
*[[Alabama Military Records|Military Records]]: Military pension records can give birth, marriage and death information. In addition, soldiers' homes records can included this same information.
 +
*[[Alabama Periodicals|Periodicals]] - search the Periodical Source Index ([[Periodical Source Index (PERSI)|PERSI]]) Local genealogical and historical societies often publish periodicals which may contain abstracted early birth, marriage and death information.
 +
*[[Alabama Probate Records|Probate Records]]: If no death record exists, probate records may be helpful in estimating when an individual has died. Probate records in the 20th Century often contain the exact death date.
  
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
+
== Lost / Missing Records  ==
[[Pike County, Alabama|'''Pike''']]<br>1830
 
  
|-
+
Some records for a given county or for the state of Alabama may have been burned or lost and may be unavailable. Check [[Alabama Lost/Missing Records|Alabama Lost/Missing Records]] for more information.
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Cherokee County, Alabama|'''Cherokee''']]<br>1882
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Dale County, Alabama|'''Dale''']] <br>1895
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Greene County, Alabama|'''Greene''']] <br>1868
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Marion County, Alabama|'''Marion''']] <br>1883, 1887
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Randolph County, Alabama|'''Randolph''']]<br>1869
 
 
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
'''[[Coffee County, Alabama|Coffee]]/Elba'''<br>1877
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Escambia County, Alabama|'''Escambia''']] <br>1868
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Jackson County, Alabama|'''Jackson''']] <br>1864, 1920
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Mobile County, Alabama|'''Mobile''']] <br>1823, <br>1840, 1872
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Sumter County, Alabama|'''Sumter''']]<br>1901
 
 
 
|-
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Conecuh County, Alabama|'''Conecuh''']]<br>1868, 1875 <br>1885, 1895
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Fayette County, Alabama|'''Fayette''']] <br>1866, 1916
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Jefferson County, Alabama|'''Jefferson''']] <br>1870
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Monroe County, Alabama|'''Monroe''']]<br>1832, 1833
 
 
 
| valign="middle" align="center" width="20%" height="25" |
 
[[Walker County, Alabama|'''Walker''']]<br>1865, 1868 <br>1877, 1932
 
 
 
|}
 
 
 
<br>
 
  
 
== Tips  ==
 
== Tips  ==
  
*The information given on a birth or death certificate is given by an informant. &nbsp;Learn the relationship of the informant to determine the accuracy of the record.<br>
+
*Information listed on vital records is given by an informant. Learn the relationship of the informant to the subject(s) of the record. The closer the relationship of the informant to the subject(s) and whether or not the informant was present at the time of the event can help you determine the [[Contradictions and discrepancies|accuracy of the information]] found on the record.
 +
*If you are unable to locate vital records recorded by governments, search in [[Alabama Church Records|church records]] for christening, marriage, death, or burial records. A [[Alabama Bible Records|family Bible]] may also have been used to record family [[United States Birth Records|births]], [[United States Marriage Records|marriages]] and deaths.
 +
*Records for [[African American Research|African Americans]] are often recorded in separate files with separate indexes.
 +
*Privacy laws may restrict your access to some vital records. Copies of some vital records recorded in the last 100 years may be unavailable to anyone except direct descendants and/or ancestors.
 +
*If the survival of a baby was questioned, the birth may not have been recorded.
 +
*Search for Vital Records in the [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch Catalog] by using a '''Place Search''' and then choosing '''Vital Records'''. Search for '''Alabama''' to locate records filed by the State and then search the&nbsp;'''name of the county''' to locate records kept by that county.
  
*If you are unable to locate a vital records recorded by civil governments; search for a church records of christening, marriage, death or burial. A family Bible may have been used to record family births, marriages and deaths.<br>
+
== Archives, Libraries &amp; Societies  ==
  
*&nbsp;African Americans,records may be in separate vital records files with separate indexes.<br>
+
Statewide [[Alabama Archives and Libraries|Archives]], [[Alabama Archives and Libraries|Libraries]], [[Alabama Societies|Historical Societies]] and [[Alabama Societies|Genealogical Societies]] as well as [http://www.archives.state.al.us/referenc/societies.pdf County Historical and Genealogical Societies] may have collections that can be of great value when doing Alabama research. Contact the specific Archive, Society, or Library for information on what record types are available, if the records are available online, or if copies of records can be obtained for a fee.&nbsp;
  
*Privacy laws restrict access to the records of living individuals, the individual must apply for their records, parents may be permitted to obtain a record for a child.<br>
+
== Online Alabama Birth, Marriage and Death Records  ==
  
*If a baby's survival was questioned, a birth certificate may not have been created.<br>
+
The following is a list of online resources useful for locating Alabama Vital Records. Check [[Alabama, United States - Online Vital Records|Alabama Vital Records&nbsp;Online]] for more information about the resources listed below. Most online resources for Alabama Vital Records are indexes. After locating a person in an index always consult the original record to [[Contradictions and discrepancies|confirm the information]] in the index.  
  
*Check [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Periodical_Source_Index_%28PERSI%29 PERSI] for your difficult to find family member.<br>
+
*{{RecordSearch|3335352|Alabama, County Birth Registers, 1881-1930}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 
+
*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/alabama/al-vital-records/ How to order Alabama Vital Records]  
*Vital Records are listed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitysearch&columns=*,0,0 "Place Search" ]of the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog]. Search "Alabama" for state level records, and search the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localityrelated&columns=*%2C0%2C0&subject=356&subject_disp=Alabama name of the county] for vital records kept at the county level.
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*[http://lrp.algensoc.org/lrpw/loader2.html Alabama Loose Records Index] created by the [http://www.archives.alabama.gov/research.html Alabama&nbsp;Department of Archives and History]&nbsp;- Free
 
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*[https://web.archive.org/web/20170703223928/http://userdb.rootsweb.ancestry.com/regional.html Alabama Databases] listed on [http://www.rootsweb.com/ Rootsweb.com]&nbsp;- Free
&nbsp;  
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*[http://www.censusdiggins.com/alabama_marriages.html Alabama Marriages Before 1825]&nbsp;&nbsp;Free database at CensusDiggins.com
 
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*[http://www.genealogybuff.com/al/state/webbbs_config.pl Alabama Obituary and Death Notices Collection] from GenealogyBuff.com -Free
== Archives, Libraries &amp; Societies  ==
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*[http://www.deathindexes.com/alabama/index.html Alabama Death Records, Indexex and Obituaries]
 
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*[http://www.ancestorhunt.com/alabama-vital-records.htm Alabama Vital Records]&nbsp;Free guide to locating AL vital records at AncestorHunt.com.
*[[Alabama Archives and Libraries|Alabama Archives and Libraries]]  
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*USGenWeb.org [http://www.algw.org/ Alabama Site] - Free
*[[Alabama Societies|Alabama Societies]]
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*Search for Alabama Collections on [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] under Canada, USA, and Mexico - Free
*[http://www.archives.state.al.us/referenc/societies.pdf County Historical and Genealogical Societies] of Alabama may be a rich resource for additional records and information
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*The Vital Records Search and Information Directory for [http://www.daddezio.com/records/room/RR-AL-NDX.html Alabama] - Free/$
 
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*Germanroots Links for Alabama [http://www.germanroots.com/vitalrecords.html#Alabama Birth &amp; Marriage]&nbsp;and [http://www.germanroots.com/deathrecords.html Death] Records -&nbsp;Free/$ (for everyone, not just for German ancestry)
<br>
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*Linkpendium Links for [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AL/ Alabama Genealogy and History], including individual Counties&nbsp;-&nbsp;Free/$&nbsp;
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*Search the [http://www.ancestry.com/search/locality/dbpage.aspx?tp=2&p=3&categoryFilterID=34&showPaging=true Alabama Birth, Marriage &amp; Death] Records at Ancestry.com - $&nbsp;  
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*Order [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/w2w/alabama.htm Alabama Certificates] online -&nbsp;
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*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/alabama/links/ Alabama Genealogy Links] - links to records where researchers can trace their Alabama ancestry.
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*[http://www.learnwebskills.com/family/vitalrecords1.htm#al Alabama Vital Records and Probate Records]
  
SOURCES:&nbsp;
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*[https://wiki.familysearch.org wiki.familysearch.org]
  
Barefield, Marilyn Davis, Researching in Alabama&nbsp;a Genealogical Guide.Southern Historical Press, 1987.
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'''Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:'''<br>
  
"Nancy Dupree, Reference Consultant for Alabama Department of Archives and History." Telephone interview. 14 Jan. 2009.  
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*[[Alabama Births and Christenings - FamilySearch Historical Records|Alabama Births and Christenings - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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*[[Alabama Deaths and Burials - FamilySearch Historical Records|Alabama Deaths and Burials - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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*[[Alabama Statewide Death Records - FamilySearch Historical Records|Alabama Statewide Death Records - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
 +
*[[Alabama County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records|Alabama County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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*[[Alabama Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records|Alabama Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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*[[:Category:Alabama FamilySearch Historical Records]] All pages in the FamilySearch Wiki on FamilySearch Historical Records about Alabama.
  
"Vital Records - Home." Alabama Center for Health Statistics Vital Records. Alabama Department of Public Health, 2009. Web. 04 Aug. 2009. &lt;http://www.adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1558&gt;.
+
== Bibliography  ==
  
Davis, Robert S., and Mary Bess Paluzzi. "Alabama." Ancestry's Red Book American State, County and Town Sources,&nbsp;3rd Edition. Provo: Ancestry.com, 1992. 21-34.<br>
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*Alabama Historical Records Survey Project. ''Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Alabama.'' 1942. Digital version at [https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/543576-guide-to-public-vital-statistics-in-alabama?offset=1 FamilySearch Digital Library] - free.
 +
*Barefield, Marilyn Davis. ''Researching in Alabama a Genealogical Guide'', Southern Historical Press, 1987. {{WorldCat|15719645|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} {{FHL|668815|item|disp=FHL Book 976.1 D27b}}
 +
*Nancy Dupree, Reference Consultant for Alabama Department of Archives and History. Telephone interview. 14 Jan. 2009.
 +
*[http://www.adph.org/vitalrecords/Default.asp?id=1558 Alabama Center for Health Statistics - Vital Records].
 +
*Davis, Robert S., and Mary Bess Paluzzi. "Alabama" in ''Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources'', 3rd ed. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 1992. pp. 21-34. {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} {{FHL|611946|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb}}
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<references />{{U.S. Vital Records}}
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{{Place|Alabama}}
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{{Alabama|Alabama}}
  
Category:
 
  
[[Category:Alabama]]
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[[Category:Alabama_Vital_Records]]

Latest revision as of 07:28, 28 October 2019

Alabama Wiki Topics
Alabama flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Alabama Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Alabama is Dwsmith2.

Introduction to Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Alabama indexes and Alabama Record Collections found in the FamilySearch Catalog.

 
Vital Records Collage.JPG
  

Marriage Records  Death Records
Early - 1825 Alabama Deaths, 1908-1974
Alabama Marriages, 1816-1957 1808 - 1870   $
1800 - 1969  $

1908 - 1959   $


Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Births:

Marriages:

Deaths:

Divorce:

Birth Records[edit | edit source]

To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Alabama county birth records, click here.

Before 1881[edit | edit source]

No births were recorded by government agencies prior to 1881. See Alabama, United States - Birth - 1817-1849, Alabama, United States - Birth - 1850-1907 or Substitute Records below.

1881 to 1908[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1881, the State of Alabama required individual counties to register the birth of children. Because most counties were slow to comply, not all births were recorded. In addition, many records from this time period are missing or were destroyed. Birth registers from this time period usually do not list the name of the child.

FamilySearch has a partial index of Births and Christenings, 1881-1930. Background information about the source of this index is available here.

To obtain copies of birth records from this time period, contact the County Court where the birth occurred.

To access microfilmed copies of county birth records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of theFamilySearch Catalog for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format:  "Alabama, <county name>".  (See How to do a Place-name search wiki page.)

1908 to Present[edit | edit source]

The State of Alabama required the registration of births on a state level beginning in 1908. Early registration in this time period was sketchy. Most births were recorded by 1927. Early birth registers and certificates generally do not contain the name of the child but may contain other important information as shown in the table below. It is more common to find the child's name by the 1920's. Birth Certificates are confidential for 125 years following the date of birth. To obtain copies of original birth records, contact the  Alabama Department of Public Health.  Also see  Alabama, United States - Birth - 1908-Present.

Resources for Alabama Birth Records[edit | edit source]

Adoption Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama adoption law requires the creation of a new birth certificate after a legal adoption has taken place. The original birth certificate and evidence of adoption are then placed in a sealed file and the new certificate is substituted for the original birth certificate in the State Department of Vital Statistics files. Starting August 1, 2000, original birth records (as well as all documents in the sealed file) became available to adoptees once they reached the age of 19. The Alabama Department of Public Health has detailed information about obtaining copies of sealed birth records. See Adoption Research for more information.

Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Alabama county marriage records, click here.

1799 - March 3, 1817 Mississippi Territory[edit | edit source]

In 1799, a law passed in the Mississippi Territory (including present day Alabama) requiring marriage licenses and bonds to be registered at the Orphans Court in the county of the bride's residence. To obtain copies of original marriage records, contact the Probate Court in the county where the license was issued.
To access microfilmed copies of county marriage records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of the FamilySearch Catalog for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format:  "Alabama, <county name>".  (See How to do a Place-name search wiki page.)

1818 - 1957 Alabama Territory/State[edit | edit source]

Marriage licenses and bonds were registered in the Orphans Court (renamed the Probate Court in 1850) in the county of the bride's residence. Starting in 1888, bonds were only required if the groom was under the age of 21 or the bride was under the age of 18. To obtain copies of original marriage records, contact the Probate Court in the county where the license was issued or the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

To access microfilmed copies of county marriage records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of the FamilySearch Catalog for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format: "Alabama, <county name>".  (See How to do a Place-name search wiki page.)

FamilySearch provides a name index to Alabama Marriages, 1816-1957.   Background information regarding these historical records is available here.  Also available for some counties are indexes and images of Alabama, County Marriages, 1809-1950. (Records are added as they become available.)

1936 - Present[edit | edit source]

Alabama started keeping statewide marriage records in August of 1936. For current fees and instructions for obtaining copies of the State’s records, contact the Alabama Department of Public Health.

Resources for Alabama Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Divorce Records[edit | edit source]

Early - 1950[edit | edit source]

Prior to 1950, divorces could be granted by the State Legislature, Circuit Courts, City Courts, and County Chancery Courts. In 1915, the County Chancery Courts were merged with the County Circuit Courts. Divorces finalized by the State Legislature can be found in the published Alabama Legislative Journals. To locate divorce records for this time period, contact the Clerk of Circuit Court in the county where the divorce was granted.

1950 - Present[edit | edit source]

In January 1950, Alabama started keeping statewide divorce records. Contact the Alabama Department of Public Health to obtain divorce records for this time period. Ancestry.com also has an index for divorces granted between 1950 and 1959. ($)

Death Records[edit | edit source]

To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Alabama county death records, click here.

Before 1881[edit | edit source]

No deaths were recorded by government agencies. See Substitute Records below. Also see Alabama, United States - Death - 1702-1816, Alabama, United States - Death - 1817-1849 and Alabama, United States - Death - 1850-1899

1881 to 1908[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1881, the State of Alabama required individual counties to register deaths. Because most counties were slow to comply, not all deaths were recorded. In addition, many records from this time period are missing or were destroyed.

FamilySearch has a partial index of Deaths and Burials, 1881-1952. Background information (including county names and number of records indexed)  is available here.

To obtain copies of death records from this time period, contact the County Court where the death occurred.

To access microfilmed copies of county marriage records for some Alabama Counties do a "Place-name Search" of the FamilySearch Catalog for the appropriate county name in the folllowing format: "Alabama, <county name>".  (See How to do a Place-name search wiki page.)

January 1908 - Present[edit | edit source]

Starting in January of 1908, Alabama State Law required the registration of all deaths occuring within the state of Alabama. Copies of death certificates were filed with the Alabama Center for Health Statistics. Information found on a death certificate is reported by an informant (usually a relative) and may or may not be accurate.

FamilySearch provides an index to death certificates from the state of Alabama, 1908-1974. Background information regarding these historical records is available here.

To obtain copies of original death records, contact the Alabama Department of Public Health. Also seeAlabama, United States - Death - 1900-Present.

Fetal Deaths[edit | edit source]

Only parents may request a copy of a "Certificate of Birth Resulting in Stillbirth." A "Fetal Death Report" is a statistical report and no certified copies are issued. However, for a period of two years after the event, a non-certified copy may be requested by the parent.[1]

Resources for Alabama Death Records[edit | edit source]

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Minorities[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

When searching for birth, marriage, or death records for African Americans after the Civil War, check the record types listed above. Birth, marriage, and death information for African Americans prior to the Civil War can be found in other sources. See Alabama Minorities for more information.

Native Americans[edit | edit source]

In order to find birth, marriage, or death information on Native Americans living in Alabama you must know which tribe the individual belonged to.  Indians of Alabama has more specific information about tribes in the State.

Substitute Records[edit | edit source]

Use substitute records to verify and enrich knowledge about an event or where better records do not exist, to establish evidence of the birth, marriage or death of your ancestor.

  • Cemetery Records : Cemetery records are a rich source of birth and death information. These records may also reveal family relationships.
  • Federal/State Censuses - some pre-1850 censuses included every name.  Census records are a valuable source for birth and marriage information. You may also determine approximate time of death when the individual disappear from the census. This is a good place to begin a search
  • Church Records: Depending on the denomination, church records may contain information about birth, marriage and death.
  • Social Security Death Index (SSDI): The SSDI indexes deaths for those who had social security numbers and the death was reported to the Social Security Administration.
  • Histories:  Local histories, family histories and biographies can all be sources of birth, marriage and death information. Often this information is found in county-level records or in surname searches of the FamilySearch Catalog.
  • Newspapers - look for birth announcements, marriages, reports on divorces, death notices, and Obituaries : Besides obituaries, local newspapers may contain birth and marriage announcements and death notices. Also check newspaper social columns for additional information.
  • Military Records: Military pension records can give birth, marriage and death information. In addition, soldiers' homes records can included this same information.
  • Periodicals - search the Periodical Source Index (PERSI) Local genealogical and historical societies often publish periodicals which may contain abstracted early birth, marriage and death information.
  • Probate Records: If no death record exists, probate records may be helpful in estimating when an individual has died. Probate records in the 20th Century often contain the exact death date.

Lost / Missing Records[edit | edit source]

Some records for a given county or for the state of Alabama may have been burned or lost and may be unavailable. Check Alabama Lost/Missing Records for more information.

Tips[edit | edit source]

  • Information listed on vital records is given by an informant. Learn the relationship of the informant to the subject(s) of the record. The closer the relationship of the informant to the subject(s) and whether or not the informant was present at the time of the event can help you determine the accuracy of the information found on the record.
  • If you are unable to locate vital records recorded by governments, search in church records for christening, marriage, death, or burial records. A family Bible may also have been used to record family births, marriages and deaths.
  • Records for African Americans are often recorded in separate files with separate indexes.
  • Privacy laws may restrict your access to some vital records. Copies of some vital records recorded in the last 100 years may be unavailable to anyone except direct descendants and/or ancestors.
  • If the survival of a baby was questioned, the birth may not have been recorded.
  • Search for Vital Records in the FamilySearch Catalog by using a Place Search and then choosing Vital Records. Search for Alabama to locate records filed by the State and then search the name of the county to locate records kept by that county.

Archives, Libraries & Societies[edit | edit source]

Statewide Archives, Libraries, Historical Societies and Genealogical Societies as well as County Historical and Genealogical Societies may have collections that can be of great value when doing Alabama research. Contact the specific Archive, Society, or Library for information on what record types are available, if the records are available online, or if copies of records can be obtained for a fee. 

Online Alabama Birth, Marriage and Death Records[edit | edit source]

The following is a list of online resources useful for locating Alabama Vital Records. Check Alabama Vital Records Online for more information about the resources listed below. Most online resources for Alabama Vital Records are indexes. After locating a person in an index always consult the original record to confirm the information in the index.

Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  1. “United States Fetal Death Records,” Lake Superior Roots, v 29, no 2. (Marquette, Michigan: Marquette County Genealogical Society, 2016), 11.



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