Ak-Chin Indian Community, Arizona (Tribe)
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The Ak-Chin Indian Community is a federally-recognized tribal entity.
Note: This is the Tribal page, see Ak-Chin Indian Community, Arizona (Reservation) for the reservation page.
Ak-Chin Indian Community
42507 West Peters & Nall Rd
Maricopa, Arizona 85138
Phone: (520) 568-1000
The Ak-Chin Indian Community lies 30 miles south of Phoenix in the northwestern part of Pinal County at an elevation of approximately 1,186 feet. State Route 238 intersects the reservation at its northernmost and easternmost corners. State Route 347 runs through the reservation, connecting Interstate 8 and 1-10. In this extremely arid Sonoran Desert climate; no streams slice through the landscape and no mountains rise steeply from the desert floor. Four washes traverse within the reservation from north to south.
Ak-Chin is an O'odham word which when translated means "mouth of the wash" or "place where the wash loses itself in the sand or ground." The term refers to a type of farming that relies on washes – seasonal food-plains created by winter snows and summer rains.
The Ak-Chin Indian Community was created in May 1912 by Executive Order of President Taft who initially signed for a 47,000-acre reservation. However, in September of the same year another Executive Order was issued which reduced the size of the reservation to its current 21,840 acres.
Additional References to the History of the Tribes
Important Web Sites
- Official Guide of the Arizona State Office of Tourism www.arizonaguide.com