African American Resources for Idaho

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The first African Americans to settle in Idaho arrived in the early 1860s after the discovery of gold and silver. Many migrated to Idaho to take part in mining, homestead farming, or the railroad. The population of African Americans in Idaho was never particularly large, but they did play an important role in Idaho's history.[1] To learn more about African Americans in Idaho, see "Idaho Ebony: The African American Presence in Idaho State History" on JSTOR.



  • Elvina Moulton
Elvina Moulton was considered to be the first African American woman in Idaho. She arrived around 1867 and was one of the original members of the First Presbyterian Church in Boise, Idaho. For more information and to see a photograph of Elvina, visit Washington State University's Digital Collections.
Includes short biographies of various African Americans who lived in Idaho


Census Records

Church Records

Emancipation Records

Funeral Homes


Land and Property


Oral Histories

Other Records

Military Records


Probate Records

Reconstruction Records

Freedman’s Bank

Freedmen's Bureau

School Records

Slavery Records

Vital Records



  • Idaho, Marriage Records, 1863-1967 ($) - information can include the name, residence, age, race, marital status, and birthplace of the bride and groom and the marriage date and place


  • Idaho, Death Records, 1890-1967 ($) - lists name, death date and place, burial date and place, residence, cause of death, race, gender, spouse, marital status, age, occupation, parents and their birthplaces
  • Idaho Death Certificates, 1911-1937 - lists name, death date and place, gender, race, marital status, birth date and place, age, occupation, cause of death, parents and their birthplaces, and burial date and place


  • Idaho, Divorce Records, 1947-1967 ($) - lists the name, residence, race, age, birthplace, and occupation of the husband and wife; date and place of marriage; date of separation; date of petition filing; date of the decree; cause or ground of divorce; number of children in the marriage; and the plaintiff

Voting Registers

Archives and Libraries

Idaho State Archives
2205 Old Penitentiary Road
Boise, Idaho 83712
Phone: (208) 334-2620
Website: Idaho State Archives

The Idaho State Archives holds some collections pertaining to African Americans, such a collection of oral histories of African Americans in southeast Idaho.



  1. Oliver, Mamie O. "Idaho Ebony: The African American Presence in Idaho State History", The Journal of African American History, vol. 91, no. 1 (Winter 2006): 41-54.