3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Cavalry

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Brief History

The 3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Cavalry was organized at Janesville, Wisconsin, on November 30, 1861, to January 31, 1862. It was mustered in January 28, 1862. Companies "G" and "L" were mustered out October 26, 1865 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

For more information on the history of this unit, see:

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

The following counties of origin are taken from the Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers[1], found on the  Internet Archives web site. The rosters show the men who served in each regiment, their residences, dates of enlistment and mustering out, and other remarks.

Company A - Many men from Monroe County, Winnebago County, Dane County and La Crosse County -- Roster, page 93.
Company B - Many men from Winnebago County and Dane County - Roster, page 96.
Company C - Many men from Green Lake County, Marquette County, Fond du lac County and Rock County - Roster, page 99.
Company D - Many men from Waukesha County, Jefferson County, Richland County, Dane County and Milwaukee County - Roster, page 102.
Company E - Most men from Rock County, many others from Columbia County and Jefferson CountyRoster, page 105.
Company F - Most men from Sauk County, many from Dane County and possibly Richland County as around 15 men were from the towns of Cazenovia and Excelsior, with no indication of whether their county was Sauk or Richland.  Roster, page 108.
Company G - Many men from Grant County, Walworth County, Monroe County and around 15 men from Van Buren, Arkansas, Roster, page 110.
Company H - Many me from Portage County, Rock County, Dane County, Milwaukee County and Grant County Roster, page 113 .
Company I - Roster, page 117.
Company K - Roster, page 120
Company L - Roster, page 123.
Company M - Roster, page 126.
Unassigned Recruits - Roster, page 129.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 3,823 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Wisconsin in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Wisconsin in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Wisconsin, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.


  1. Wisconsin. Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Madison: Democrat printing co., state printers, 1886.