38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   Illinois   Gotoarrow.png   Illinois Military   Gotoarrow.png   Illinois in the Civil War   Gotoarrow.png   38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Portrait of Sargent James W. Travis, 38th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, U.S.A.

Brief History

The 38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Butler, Illinois, and mustered in August 15, 1861.  It moved to Houston July 17. Mustered out December 31, 1865. [1]

For more information on the history of the 38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, see the following:

  • Wikipedia (accessed 26 July 2011) An article and links for the 38th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.

Companies in this Regiment with County of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

The following counties of origin are taken from the Adjutant General's Report, found on the Illinois Civil War Rosters web site. Roster pages are from the same report found on the Internet Archives web site. The rosters show the men who served in each regiment, their residences, dates of enlistment and mustering out, and other remarks.

  • Unassigned Recruits - Roster, vol. 3, page 99.
  • Unassigned Drafted and Substitute Recruits - Roster, vol. 3, page 100.

Other Sources


  • Illinois State Archives - Illinois Civil War Muster and Descriptive Rolls Database (accessed 14 June 2011). Search by residence, unit, regiment, company or soldier.
  • The ILGenWeb Civil War Scrapbook, (accessed 26 July 2011) contains links to various documents such as personal letters, military papers, articles, histories, obituaries, biographies, etc. Documents are listed by regiment, then by the soldier and his company.


  • Patterson, William Elwood and Lowell Wayne Patterson. Jasper County Yankee: Campaigns of the 38th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Company K. (Westminister, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc. c2011).  ISBN: 0788453068 The diary of William E Patterson and his experiences with the 38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Co. K.  Some entries were made on the battlefield, after the battle.  Includes a full name index.  Information on this book can be found at Heritage Books, Inc. (accessed 26 July 2011).  


  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 10 May 2011).