37th Regiment, Illinois Infantry
The 37th Regiment, Illinois Infantry was organized at Chicago, Illinois, and mustered in September 18, 1861. It moved to Houston July 17. Mustered out May 15, 1866. 
For more information on the history of the 37th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, see the following:
- Wikipedia (accessed 26 July 2011) An article and links for the 37th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
- The Civil War Archive (accessed 26 July 2011) Brief history of the 37th Regiment Infantry.
Companies in this Regiment with County of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
The following counties of origin are taken from the Adjutant General's Report, found on the Illinois Civil War Rosters web site. Roster pages are from the same report found on the Internet Archives web site. The rosters show the men who served in each regiment, their residences, dates of enlistment and mustering out, and other remarks.
- Company A - many men from Rock Island and Mercer counties - Rock Island and Mercer counties web sites - Roster, vol. 3, pages 39-42.
- Company B - many men from Stark and Henry counties - Stark and Henry county web sites - Roster, vol. 3, pages 43-45.
- Company D - many men from Cook County and the state of Michigan - Cook County web site - Roster, vol. 3, pages 48-51.
- Company G - many men from Cook and McLean counties - Cook and McLean county web sites - Roster, vol. 3, pages 57-60.
- Company H - many men from Rock Island County - Rock Island County web site - Roster, vol. 3, pages 60-63.
- Company K - many men from Vermilion County - Vermilion County web site - Roster, vol. 3, pages 66-69.
- Unassigned Recruits - Roster, vol. 3, page 69.
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Illinois in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Illinois in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Illinois, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Illinois Civil War Rosters from the Adjutant General's Report, 37th Regiment (accessed 10 May 2011) includes rosters of all the regiments and information on the different companies in each regiment.
- Illinois State Archives - Illinois Civil War Muster and Descriptive Rolls Database (accessed 14 June 2011). Search by residence, unit, regiment, company or soldier.
- The ILGenWeb Civil War Scrapbook, (accessed 26 July 2011) contains links to various documents such as personal letters, military papers, articles, histories, obituaries, biographies, etc. Documents are listed by regiment, then by the soldier and his company.
- Black, William P., and Michael E. Banasik.Duty, Honor, and Country: The Civil War Experiences of Captain William P. Black, Thirty-Seventh Illinois Infantry. (Iowa City, Iowa: Camp Pope Bookshop, 2006). FHL CollectionFHL FAM HIST Book 921.73 B561bw. Other libraries with this book.
- Mullins, Michael A. The Fremont Rifles: A History of the 37th Illinois Veteran Volunteer Infantry. (Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot Pub. Co, 1990). FHL CollectionFHL US/CAN Book 977.3 M2m. Other libraries with this book.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 10 May 2011).