Difference between revisions of "1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery"

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=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
The 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery mustered in September 15, 1862 at Portsmouth, Ohio, as the 117th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. It mustered out July 25, 1865 at Department of the Cumberland<ref>National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] (accessed 4 January 2011).</ref>.
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The 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery mustered in September 15, 1862 at Portsmouth, Ohio, as the 117th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.<ref name="CWSS">National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] (accessed 4 January 2011).</ref> It was reorganized and called the 1st Regiment, Heavy Artiller on August 12, 1863.<ref>''First O.V.H.A. Company "M"'', (Toledo, Ohio: 1914), page 3. [http://archive.org/stream/firstovhacompany00mill#page/n9/mode/2up Internet Archive].</ref>. It mustered out July 25, 1865 at Department of the Cumberland<ref name="CWSS" />.
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For more information on the history of this unit, see:<br>
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*Larry Stevens' Ohio in the Civil War, [http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/hacw1.html 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery]<br>
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*The Civil War Archive section, [http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unohart1.htm#1sthvy 1st Regiment Heavy Artillery], (accessed 23 August 2012).
  
 
=== Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin  ===
 
=== Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin  ===
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Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
 
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
  
Company A Columbiana, Jackson and Scioto Counties Company B Ross County Company C Franklin &amp; Pike Counties Company D Meigs &amp; Scioto Counties Company E Adams County Company F Lawrence &amp; Scioto Counties Company G Gallia County Company H Jackson &amp; Meigs Counties Company I Morgan County Company K Clark &amp; Montgomery Counties Company L Hancock County Company M Erie County  
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The [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database] lists 4068 men on its roster for this unit. [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers.htm?submitted=1&SDunitCode=UOH0001RAH Roster].
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Company A - many men from [[Jackson County, Ohio|Jackson County]] and [[Scioto County, Ohio|Scioto County]]&nbsp; some men from Columbiana County<ref name="Columbiana">[http://archive.org/stream/historyofsalemim00hunt#page/220/mode/1up]fckLR''History of Salem and the immediate vicinity''</ref><br>
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Company B - many men from [[Jackson County, Ohio|Jackson County]] and [[Ross County, Ohio|Ross County]] <br>
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Company C - many men from [[Pike County, Ohio|Pike County]], [[Scioto County, Ohio|Scioto_County,_Ohio]] and [[Jackson County, Ohio|Jackson County]] <br>
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Company D - many men from [[Scioto County, Ohio|Scioto County]] <br>
  
County listing from Steve Ward's Buckeyes All Part I Revised, as shown on Larry Stevens' site, [http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/hacw1.html 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery].
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Company E - many men from [[Adams County, Ohio|Adams County]] <br>
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Company F - many men from [[Scioto County, Ohio|Scioto County]] and [[Adams County, Ohio|Adams County]] <br>
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Company G - many men from [[Gallia County, Ohio|Gallia County]] <br>
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Company H - many men from [[Adams County, Ohio|Adams County]], [[Scioto County, Ohio|Scioto County]] and [[Jackson County, Ohio|Jackson County]] <br>
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Company I - many men from [[Morgan County, Ohio|Morgan County]]<br>
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Company K - <br>
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Company L - many men from [[Hancock County, Ohio|Hancock County]]<ref name="history">[http://archive.org/stream/historyofhancock00brow#page/339/mode/1up]fckLR''The History of Hancock County, Ohio''</ref><br>
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Company M - many men from [[Erie County, Ohio|Erie County]]<ref name="Huron">[http://archive.org/stream/historyoffirelan00will#page/78/mode/1up]
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''History of the Fire lands, comprising Huron and Erie'' page 74</ref>, [[Sandusky County, Ohio|Sandusky County]] .<br>
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County information is from ''First O.V.H.A. Company "M"'', [First Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery], (Toledo, Ohio: 1914), page 6-7 and 14. [http://archive.org/stream/firstovhacompany00mill#page/n9/mode/2up Internet Archive]. Companies A-H started in the [[117th Regiment, Ohio Infantry|117th Regiment, Ohio Infantry]], then the name and function were changed to the 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery.<br>
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A county listing from Steve Ward's ''Buckeyes All, ''Part I Revised, is shown on Larry Stevens' Ohio in the Civil War site, [http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/hacw1.html 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery]
  
 
=== Other Sources  ===
 
=== Other Sources  ===
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*1st Ohio Heavy Artillery, [http://www.civilwarindex.com/armyoh/1st_oh_heavy_artillery.html Civil War Index] , which includes history, battles, and roster with name, rank, age, date entered service, period of service and remarks.<br>
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*[[Beginning United States Civil War Research|Beginning United States Civil War Research]] gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Ohio in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).<br>
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*National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information. <br>
 
*National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information. <br>
  
=== References ===
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*[[Ohio in the Civil War|Ohio in the Civil War]] describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Ohio, and how to find them. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
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*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
  
<references />
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*Miller, H. C. (Hillborn C.).''First Ohio heavy artillery history&nbsp;: our service in East Tennessee, 1864-1865.'' (Columbus, Ohio&nbsp;: Ohio Historical Society, 1988) {{FHL|625655|item|disp=FHL Film 1688761&nbsp;Item 3}} and (Bethesda, Maryland&nbsp;: University Publications of America, c1993) {{FHL|680557|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6118469}} he also wrote''History of the First Ohio Heavy Artillery.'' (Columbus, Ohio&nbsp;: Ohio Historical Society, 1988) {{FHL|625667|item|disp=FHL Film 1688761&nbsp;Item 8}}
  
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=== References  ===
  
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<references />
  
[[Category:Ohio_-_Military]]
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[[Category:Ohio_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Revision as of 19:32, 12 March 2013

United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   Ohio   Gotoarrow.png   Ohio Military   Gotoarrow.png   Ohio in the Civil War   Gotoarrow.png   Ohio Civil War Union Units 1st through 8th   Gotoarrow.png   1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery

Brief History

The 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery mustered in September 15, 1862 at Portsmouth, Ohio, as the 117th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.[1] It was reorganized and called the 1st Regiment, Heavy Artiller on August 12, 1863.[2]. It mustered out July 25, 1865 at Department of the Cumberland[1].

For more information on the history of this unit, see:

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 4068 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Company A - many men from Jackson County and Scioto County  some men from Columbiana County[3]

Company B - many men from Jackson County and Ross County

Company C - many men from Pike County, Scioto_County,_Ohio and Jackson County

Company D - many men from Scioto County

Company E - many men from Adams County

Company F - many men from Scioto County and Adams County

Company G - many men from Gallia County

Company H - many men from Adams County, Scioto County and Jackson County

Company I - many men from Morgan County

Company K -

Company L - many men from Hancock County[4]

Company M - many men from Erie County[5], Sandusky County .

County information is from First O.V.H.A. Company "M", [First Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery], (Toledo, Ohio: 1914), page 6-7 and 14. Internet Archive. Companies A-H started in the 117th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, then the name and function were changed to the 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery.

A county listing from Steve Ward's Buckeyes All, Part I Revised, is shown on Larry Stevens' Ohio in the Civil War site, 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery

Other Sources

  • 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery, Civil War Index , which includes history, battles, and roster with name, rank, age, date entered service, period of service and remarks.
  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Ohio in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Ohio in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Ohio, and how to find them. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Miller, H. C. (Hillborn C.).First Ohio heavy artillery history : our service in East Tennessee, 1864-1865. (Columbus, Ohio : Ohio Historical Society, 1988) FHL Film 1688761 Item 3 and (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1993) FHL Fiche 6118469 he also wroteHistory of the First Ohio Heavy Artillery. (Columbus, Ohio : Ohio Historical Society, 1988) FHL Film 1688761 Item 8

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
  2. First O.V.H.A. Company "M", (Toledo, Ohio: 1914), page 3. Internet Archive.
  3. [1]fckLRHistory of Salem and the immediate vicinity
  4. [2]fckLRThe History of Hancock County, Ohio
  5. [3] History of the Fire lands, comprising Huron and Erie page 74