1st Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry
The 1st Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry was the nucleus of the 1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry. It was organized on October 31, 1861. It began with six companies; increased to nine companies in early 1862 and began functioning as a regiment (also known as Black's Regiment). A tenth company was added and on June 25, 1862, the 1st Battalion Cavalry was consolidated and redesignated as the 1st Cavalry Regiment..
Companies in this Battalion with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - many men from Spartanburg District (County) and Laurens District (County); Captain Niles Nesbitt
- Company B - (also know as Ferguson Rangers) - many men from Abbeville District (County): Captain M.T. Owens
- Company C - many men from Edgefield District (County) and Barnwell District (County): Captain John D. Twiggs
- Company D - many men from Chester District (County): Captain W.A. Walker
- Company E - many men from Orangeburg District (County): Captain J.D. Trezevant
- Company F - many men from Pickens District (County) and Oconee District (County): Captain Elam Sharp
- Company G - many men from Abbeville District (County): Captain L.J. Johns
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- 1st South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, (accessed 11 Apr 2011).
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 2, p 275-285.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.