Yuchi People

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United States Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of the US Gotoarrow.png Tennessee Gotoarrow.png Indians of Tennessee Gotoarrow.png Yuchi People

Original homeland Tennessee and along the Savannah River in Georgia and South Carolina.

Linquistice group: Siouan

History[edit | edit source]

Early non Indian contact began in 1530's with their encounter with Hernando de Soto explorer for Spain

Epidemics of smallpox and war diminished the populations in the late 1500's and 1600's.

Tribal conflicts with the Cherokee, Catawba and Creek

The tribe became allies with the Creek Nation fighting against the United States in 1813.

The tribe was removed to Oklahoma in the 1830's with the Creek and Seminole tribes. Tribal members became absorbed into the Creek and Seminole tribes

Bands: Bear, Wolf, Deer, Tortise, Panther, Wildcat, Fox, Wind, Fish, Beaver, Otter, Racoon, Skunk, Opossum Rabbit, Squirrel, Turkey, Bird, Alligator, Salt, Sweet-potato Hickory-nut, Acorn

Link to History

Brief Time Line[edit | edit source]

  • Early non Indian contact by Hernando de Soto in the 1530's., who explored the region for Spain in 1539-43
  • 1630's:  Yachi warriors attacked Spanish settlements in Florida.
  • 1739:  The Yuchi town of Mount Pleasant existed on the Savannah river.
  • 1750's:  Alliances formed with Creek
  • 1813:  Ally with the Creek Nation against the U.S. government
  • 1832-36:  Removed with the Creek into Indian Territory
  • Yuchi who lived in Tennessee joined with the Cherokee and were absorbed into the Seminole

Reservations[edit | edit source]

The Yuchi are considered part of the Creek Tribe by the United States Government.

The Yuchi do not have a reservation of their own

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. by Sharon Malinowski and Anna Sheets Vol. 1. Northeast, Southeast and Caribbean

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.