Wirt County, West Virginia Genealogy

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United States
West Virginia
Wirt County

Guide to Wirt County, West Virginia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Elizabeth
Organized: January 19, 1848
Parent County(s): Wood, Jackson[1]
Neighboring Counties
Calhoun  • Jackson  • Ritchie  • Roane  • Wood
See County Maps
Wirt County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG
Location Map

County Information


The County was named for William Wirt. The County has Elizabeth as its seat and the County was created January 19, 1848. The County is located in the west central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Wirt County Courthouse
Washington Street
PO Box 53
Elizabeth, WV 26143-0053
Wirt County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records since 1870, marriage records since 1870, probate and land records from 1848.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce records.[3]

Wirt County, West Virginia Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1870 1854 1870 1848 1848 1848 1870
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1917. General compliance by 1925.

Record Loss

1910 Fire burned the courthouse in 1910, but many records survived.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1848--Wirt County was created 19 January 1848 from Wood and Jackson Counties.
  • County seat: Elizabeth[5]

For animated maps illustrating West Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation West Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Wirt County, West Virginia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See West Virginia Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 3,353
1860 3,751 11.9%
1870 4,804 28.1%
1880 7,104 47.9%
1890 9,411 32.5%
1900 10,284 9.3%
1910 9,047 −12.0%
1920 7,536 −16.7%
1930 6,358 −15.6%
1940 6,475 1.8%
1950 5,119 −20.9%
1960 4,391 −14.2%
1970 4,154 −5.4%
1980 4,922 18.5%
1990 5,192 5.5%
2000 5,873 13.1%
2010 5,717 −2.7%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Wirt census records online, see: West Virginia Census.

Church Records

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See West Virginia Land and Property for additional information about early West Virginia land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Wirt County, West Virginia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section West Virginia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Ritchie CountyCalhoun CountyJackson CountyRoane CountyWood CountyWV WIRT.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Wirt served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Wirt County:

- 3rd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry and Infantry) (Confederate). Company D.
- 14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company N (Night Hawk Rangers).[7]
- 20th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company H.[8]
- 26th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F.[9]

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

West Virginia real and personal property tax records are managed by the County Assessor in each county. Land and land improvements are considered real property while mobile property is classified as personal property.

Many County Assessors offer an online searchable database, where assessment record searches can be performed by name, account number, year, or mp/parcel number. Where online records are not available, requests for records can be made to the Assessment Office in person, by phone, or in writing.

The search for tax information can start here

Vital Records





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Wirt County, West Virginia" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wirt_County,_West_Virginia."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wirt County, West Virginia. Page 743-746 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 742-743.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Wirt County, West Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wirt_County,_West_Virginia, accessed 29 August 2018.
  7. Robert J. Driver, 14th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 47.
  8. Richard L. Armstrong, 19th and 20th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 101.
  9. Richard L. Armstrong, 26th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 110.