Wilson County, Kansas Genealogy

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United States
Wilson County

Guide to Wilson County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Fredonia
Organized: August 30, 1855
Parent County(s): Original county [1]
Neighboring Counties
Allen  • Elk  • Greenwood  • Labette  • Montgomery  • Neosho  • Woodson
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Wilson County svg.bmp

County Information


The County was named for Hiero T. Wilson. The County has Fredonia as its seat and the County was created 1855. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Wilson County Courthouse
615 Madison Street
Fredonia, Kansas 66736-1383
Phone: 316.378.2186
Wilson County Website

Probate Judge has marriage, probate and court records.
Clerk District Court has divorce records from 1887.
Register of Deeds has land records from 1885.
County Clerk has birth records 1885-1911, marriage records from 1860, divorce and probate records from 1863, court records from 1934, and land records from 1861.[1]

Wilson County, Kansas Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1885 1864 1889 1866 1866 1869 1855
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.[4]

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Cedar
  • Center
  • Chetopa
  • Clifton
  • Colvax
  • Duck Creek
  • Fall River
  • Guilford
  • Neodesha
  • Newark
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Prairie
  • Talleyrand
  • Verdigris
  • Webster
Ghost towns
  • Buffville
  • Rest

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Wilson County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 27
1870 6,694 24692.6%
1880 13,775 105.8%
1890 15,286 11.0%
1900 15,621 2.2%
1910 19,810 26.8%
1920 21,157 6.8%
1930 18,646 −11.9%
1940 17,723 −5.0%
1950 14,815 −16.4%
1960 13,077 −11.7%
1970 11,317 −13.5%
1980 12,128 7.2%
1990 10,289 −15.2%
2000 10,332 0.4%
2010 9,409 −8.9%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Kansas became a territory in 1854 and the first territory census taken was in 1855. It was also enumerated as Kansas Territory in the 1860 Federal Census, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. The state continued to take state censuses after it was admitted to the Union in 1861.[6] See links listed below.

State and Territorial Census Records

Federal Census Records

The 1870 Census was the first Federal Census taken for Kansas after it became a state in 1861.[7] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Kansas Census.

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.


  • Records of the Immanuel Lutheran Church, Wilson County, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Kansas Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Wilson County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Greenwood CountyWoodson CountyAllen CountyNeosho CountyLabette CountyMontgomery CountyChautauqua CountyElk CountyWilson, Kansas.JPG
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Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Kansas. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Kansas Military Records.

Collections Covering Multiple Wars

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

For further information see Kansas Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship


For more information, see Kansas Newspapers.

Kansas Newspapers Online

Kansas Newspaper Catalogs


Other Records

Voter Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Wilson and click Probate records.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.



Wilson County Historical Museum
420 North 7th Street
Fredonia, KS 66736
Telephone Number: 620-378-3965


Wilson County Historical Society
420 N 7th St
Fredonia, KS 66736
Telephone Number:620-378-3965


Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Woodson County, Kansas. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Wilson, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilson_County,_Kansas" 9/14/2017.
  3. Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 238.
  4. “Kansas Research Outline”, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Department, 2000), 40.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Wilson County, Kansas" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilson_County,_Kansas#Communities, accessed 23 October 2017.
  6. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 118-119.
  7. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.