Wicomico County, Maryland Genealogy

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United States
Wicomico County

Guide to Wicomico County, Maryland ancestry, family history, and genealogy, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.


Wicomo County, Maryland
Map of Maryland highlighting Wicomo County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the U.S. highlighting Maryland
Location of Maryland in the U.S.
Founded August 17, 1867
County Seat Salisbury
Address Wicomo County Courthouse
P.O. Box 870
Salisbury, MD 21803-0870
Phone: 410-548-4696 or 410-548-4697
Wicomo County Website


Beginning Dates for Wicomico County, Maryland Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1898 1868 1898 1870 1867 1867


Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, land, military, and court records from 1867.[1]

Government Office Building
Route 50 & Division Street
Salisbury, MD 21801


Wicomico River
  • Named for Wicomico River, in turned derived from American Indian words wicko mekee, meaning "a place where houses are built," apparently referring to an Indian town on the banks.

Parent County

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Maryland county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Maryland County Boundary Maps" (1637-1997) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost census: 1890


Populated Places


Neighboring Counties




Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MDGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Maryland Cemeteries for more information.

Allen Cemetery Barren Creek Springs Cemetery Bethel Cemetery Colbourne Cemetery Dennis Cemetery Dolbey Cemetery Farlows Cemetery

Hammond Cemetery Hastings Cemetery Hebron Cemetery Hustons Cemetery Jerusalem Cemetery Melson Cemetery New Hope Cemetery

Nichols Cemetery Oak Grove Cemetery Palmer Cemetery Parsons Cemetery Pittsville Cemetery Redman Cemetery Saint Johns Cemetery

Spring Hill Memorial Garden Twilley Cemetery Union Cemetery Wicomico Memorial Park Zion Cemetery

Published records can be found on Graveyards and Gravestones of Wicomico. [2][3]


Federal Census reports available 1870-1930 including slave and veterans schedules. For tips on accessing Wicomico County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.


  • Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions is not intended to be a complete listing of all Religious institutions in Maryland. It was originally based upon the churches recorded by the Federal Works Progress Administration during a records survey conducted from 1935 to 1941. It has been expanded by later acquisitions from religious organizations to the Maryland State Archives.

The following records, taken from its collection, have been digitized and made available to view for free online.

NOTE: There may be multiple types of records for different churches in a single PDF document.

There may be additional records available at the Maryland State Archives that are not yet online. See entire list of religious records for Wicomico County at Wicomico County Religious Records at Maryland State Archives


Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


  • Barnes, Robert W., F. Edward Wright, Vernon L. Skinner and Henry C. Peden. Colonial Families of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 23 vols. Westminster, Md.: Family Line, 1996-2003; Lewes, De.: Delmarva Roots and Colonial Roots, 2007. FHL US/CAN Book 975.21 D2b v. 1 ff. [Wicomico families appear in Vols. 8-10, 12, 15, 17-18, 20, and 22.]




Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Wicomico County Deed Books (1867-present) have been uploaded to their website: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)

Local Histories

  • Cooper, Richard W. Profile of a Colonial Community: Salisbury Town and Wicomico County on Maryland's Eastern Shore; A Study of the Land and the People. Baltimore, Md.: Gateway Press, 1986. FHL US/CAN Book 975.225 H2c.



War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Maryland, Wicomico County, p. 159. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War



Online Probate Records


Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Lower Delmarva Genealogical Society
Wicomico County Library
16-1 North Division Street
Box 3602
Salisbury, Maryland 21802-3602
Phone: 410-742-3501
E-Mail: lowerdelmarva@yahoo.com

Wicomico Historical Society
P. O. Box 573Pemberton Drive
Salisbury, MD 21803 - 0573
Phone: 410-860-0447
E-Mail: history@shore.intercom.net

For more information concerning the Societies and Libraries in Maryland see the Maryland Societies page.

Family History Centers



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wicomico County, Maryland page 318, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Graveyards and Gravestones of Wicomico By John E. Jacob, Jr. Available from the Lower Delmarva Maryland Genealogical Society. LIB 2-4-3
  3. WorldCat