Wicomico County, Maryland Genealogy

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United States
Wicomico County

Guide to Wicomico County, Maryland ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Salisbury
Organized: August 17, 1867
Parent County(s): Somerset, Worcester[1]
Neighboring Counties
Dorchester  • Somerset  • Worcester  • Sussex (DE)
See County Maps
Wicomico County Courthouse Salisbury, Maryland.jpeg
Location Map
MD Wicomico map.png
Wicomico River

County Information


Wicomico County was named for the Wicomico River. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Wicomico County Courthouse
101 N. Division St., Room 105
Salisbury, MD 21801
Phone: 410-543-6551
Wicomo County Website

Clerk of the Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, land, military, and court records from 1867.[3]

Wicomico County, Maryland Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1898 1867 1898 1867 1867 1866 1790
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1898. General compliance by the 1910s.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost census: 1890

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Maryland county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Maryland County Boundary Maps" (1637-1997) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Wicomico County, Maryland online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Maryland Cemeteries for more information


  • Allen Cemetery
  • Barren Creek Springs Cemetery
  • Bethel Cemetery
  • Colbourne Cemetery
  • Dennis Cemetery
  • Dolbey Cemetery
  • Farlows Cemetery
  • Hammond Cemetery
  • Hastings Cemetery
  • Hebron Cemetery
  • Hustons Cemetery
  • Jerusalem Cemetery
  • Melson Cemetery
  • New Hope Cemetery
  • Nichols Cemetery
  • Oak Grove Cemetery
  • Palmer Cemetery
  • Parsons Cemetery
  • Pittsville Cemetery
  • Redman Cemetery
  • Saint Johns Cemetery
  • Spring Hill Memorial Garden
  • Twilley Cemetery
  • Union Cemetery
  • Wicomico Memorial Park
  • Zion Cemetery
  • Published records can be found on Graveyards and Gravestones of Wicomico. [7][8]

Census Records

For tips on accessing Wicomico County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 15,802
1880 18,016 14.0%
1890 19,930 10.6%
1900 22,852 14.7%
1910 26,815 17.3%
1920 28,165 5.0%
1930 31,229 10.9%
1940 34,530 10.6%
1950 39,641 14.8%
1960 49,050 23.7%
1970 54,236 10.6%
1980 65,540 20.8%
1990 74,339 13.4%
2000 84,644 13.9%
2010 98,733 16.6%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Federal Census reports available 1870-1930 including slave and veterans schedules.

Church Records

  • 1668-1995 Maryland, Church Records, 1668-1995 at FamilySearch — index
  • Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions is not intended to be a complete listing of all Religious institutions in Maryland. It was originally based upon the churches recorded by the Federal Works Progress Administration during a records survey conducted from 1935 to 1941. It has been expanded by later acquisitions from religious organizations to the Maryland State Archives. The following records, taken from its collection, have been digitized and made available to view for free online.

NOTE: There may be multiple types of records for different churches in a single PDF document.

There may be additional records available at the Maryland State Archives that are not yet online. See entire list of religious records for Wicomico County at Wicomico County Religious Records at Maryland State Archives

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes


  • Barnes, Robert W., F. Edward Wright, Vernon L. Skinner and Henry C. Peden. Colonial Families of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 23 vols. Westminster, Md.: Family Line, 1996-2003; Lewes, De.: Delmarva Roots and Colonial Roots, 2007. FHL US/CAN Book 975.21 D2b v. 1 ff. Wicomico families appear in Vols. 8-10, 12, 15, 17-18, 20, and 22.


Land and Property Records

Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Wicomico County Deed Books (1867-present) have been uploaded to their website: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)

Local Histories

  • Profile of a Colonial Community: Salisbury Town and Wicomico County. By Richard W. Cooper. 1986. Baltimore, Md.: Gateway Press. FHL US/CAN Book 975.225 H2c.

Maps and Gazetteers

Dorchester CountySomerset CountyWorcester CountySussex CountyMD WICOMICO.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Revolutionary War

War of 1812

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. See Vol. 5, Maryland, Wicomico County, p. 159. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Wicomico served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Wicomico:

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


  • Wicomico County Library
    122 S. Division Street
    Salisbury, MD 21801
    Phone: 410-749-3612



  • Wicomico Historical Society
    P. O. Box 573
    Pemberton Drive
    Salisbury, MD 21803-0573
    Phone: 410-860-0447
    Email: history@shore.intercom.net
  • For more information concerning the Societies and Libraries in Maryland see the Maryland Societies page.


Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maryland.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Wicomico, Maryland," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wicomico_County,_Maryland."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maryland.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wicomico County, Maryland. Page 317-318 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 308-309.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maryland.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Wicomico County, Maryland," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wicomico_County%2C_Maryland, accessed 18 August 2018.
  7. Graveyards and Gravestones of Wicomico By John E. Jacob, Jr. Available from the Lower Delmarva Maryland Genealogical Society. LIB 2-4-3
  8. WorldCat