Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Wayne County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Coordinates: 40.83°0′N 81.89°0′W / 40.83°N 81.89°W / 40.83; -81.89

Wayne County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Wayne County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Wayne County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Wayne County Courthouse
428 West Liberty St

Wooster, Ohio 44691
Wayne County Website

Wayne County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1813 1867 1812 1812 1812 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from non-county area in 1808 (1812).
  • County Seat: Wooster

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named in honor of General Anthony Wayne, the victor at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. It's county seat is Wooster and was founded January 4, 1812. It is located in the Northeast area of the state.[2]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [3]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Medina County  • Summit County  • Stark County  • Holmes County  • Ashland County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • In 1828, the first courthouse that had been erected (1818) in Wayne County, Ohio was burned. It is reported that many records and papers were destroyed in this fire. [4]. There is no known listing of the specific records and papers that were destroyed. On Tuesday, May 20, 1969, the current courthouse experienced fire damage. [5]. No listing of any records that may have been damaged or destroyed is known to exist.
  • No known copies of Wayne County, Ohio Tax records from the 1850s and 1860s exist. The only exceptions are a few years that do exist in the early 1860s of Wooster, Ohio. These are photocopies only. No original records or microfilmed copies of these tax records are known to exist.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 11,933
1830 23,333 95.5%
1840 35,808 53.5%
1850 32,981 −7.9%
1860 32,483 −1.5%
1870 35,116 8.1%
1880 40,076 14.1%
1890 39,005 −2.7%
1900 37,870 −2.9%
1910 38,058 0.5%
1920 41,346 8.6%
1930 47,024 13.7%
1940 50,520 7.4%
1950 58,716 16.2%
1960 75,497 28.6%
1970 87,123 15.4%
1980 97,408 11.8%
1990 101,461 4.2%
2000 111,564 10.0%
2010 114,520 2.6%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Wayne County, Ohio Online Resource Center available through the Wayne County Public Library, Genealogy and Local History Department's website.

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

  • Howe, Henry, History of Wayne County, Ohio: 1796-1889, (Knightstown, Indiana : Bookmark, 1997), Reprint, 1898. FHL book 977.161 H2hh
  • Hauenstein, Edward Harry, A History of Wayne County in the World War and in the Wars of the Past, (Wayne County History Co., 1919). Digital copy at Google Books Internet Archive
  • Wayne County History Book Committee, A History of Wayne County, Ohio, (Dallas, Texas: Taylor Pub. Co., 1987). FHL book 977.161 H2h
  • Wayne County Historical Landmark Committee, Historic Heritage of Wayne County, Ohio, (Wooster, Ohio: Wayne County Historical Society, 1976. FHL book 977.161 H2L

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Medina CountySummit CountyStark CountyHolmes CountyAshland CountyOH WAYNE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Servicemen from Wayne County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Wayne County.

- 4th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (3 months, 1861), Company E (also known as Given Guards) with many men from Wooster.
- 41st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company C
- 102nd Regiment, Ohio Infantry , Companies F, H , and I
- 107th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company C, especially from the town of Wooster
- 166th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (National Guard), Company G
World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.
Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form
Through the generosity of many donors, several Wayne County, Ohio newspapers are now available online.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

The most up-to-date obituary index for Wayne County, Ohio Newspapers may be found through Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library Ohio Obituary Index.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Online Probate Indexes and Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Wayne County Courthouse
107 W Liberty Street; PO Box 407
Wooster, OH 44691-4850
Phone: 330.287.5590

Probate Court  has birth and death records 1867-1908, marriage records from 1813 and probate records from 1812; Board of Health  has birth and death records from 1908; Common Pleas Court Clerk  has divorce and court records from 1812; County Recorder  has land records from 1812.[6]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]
Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Fredericksburg Community Library
108 South Mill Street
PO Box 24
Fredericksburg, Ohio 44627
Phone: 330.695.2420

Orrville Public Library
230 North Main Street
Orrville, Ohio 44667
phone: 330.683.1065

Wayne County Public Library
Genealogy and Local History Department
220 West Liberty Street
PO Box 1349
Wooster, OH 44691
phone: 330.262.0916
email: genealogy@wcpl.info

Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

The Wayne County Historical Society is located at 546 East Bowman Street in Wooster, Ohio. It was originally part of the Wooster Public Library and Museum located at 304 North Market Street in Wooster, Ohio. The Wayne County Historical is only one of many local historical societies in the county.

Connecticut Western Reserve in northeast Ohio.png

The Connecticut Western Reserve  was a part of northeast Ohio originally intended for settlement by Revolutionary War refugees from Connecticut.[7] The former Connecticut Western Reserve  lands were in the modern counties of Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Erie, Geauga, Huron, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Trumbull fully, but also in parts of Ashland, Mahoning, Ottawa, Summit, and Wayne counties in Ohio.

The Research Library at the Western Reserve Historical Society History Center  is the premier repository for Cleveland, Ohio and Connecticut Western Reserve history material. One of the principal strengths is its manuscript collections.[8] The WRHS collection has original land records, genealogies of New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, biographies, histories, and family Bibles.[7]

Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wayne County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Wayne County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/wayne/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Wayne County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_County,_Ohio, accessed 18 January 2019.
  4. Picturesque Wayne, page 34
  5. The Daily Record Tuesday, May 20, 1969, page 1
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wayne County, Ohio. Page 546 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. 7.0 7.1 William Dollarhide, and Ronald A. Bremer, America's Best Genealogy Resource Centers (Bountiful, UT: Heritage Quest, 1988), 89. At various repositories (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 J54d.
  8. Family History and Genealogical Research in Western Reserve Historical Society (accessed 11 March 2015).