Washington County, Texas Genealogy

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United States
Washington County

Guide to Washington County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Washington County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded March 17, 1836
County Seat Brenham
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County Information

Washington County, Texas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903 1837 1850 1832 1837

County Courthouse

Washington County Courthouse
100 East Main Street
Brenham, Texas 77384
Phone: 409-277-6200

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903
marriage records from 1833, probate and land records
District Clerk has divorce records[1]

County Clerk

100 E. Main; Ste 102
Brenham 77833
Phone: 979-277-6216

District Clerk

100 E. Main; Ste 304
Brenham 77833
Phone: 979-277-6200


1830-1844-- The town of Washington-on-the Brazos was founded in 1830. The creation of Brazos, Burleson and Lee counties led to the relocation of the county seat to Brenham in 1844. The land that became Washington County was part of Stephen F. Austin's Colony.

Parent County

1836--Washington County was created 17 March 1836 from a Texas Municipality.

  • County seat: Brenham [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Washington County border changes.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Brenham | Burton | Chappell Hill | Independence | Latium | Muellersville | Phillipsburg | Prairie Hill | Quarry | Washington-on-the-Brazos | Wesley

Neighboring Counties

Austin  • Brazos  • Burleson  • Fayette  • Grimes  • Lee  • Waller

Washington CountyLee CountyBurleson CountyBrazos CountyGrimes CountyWaller CountyAustin CountyFayette CountyTX WASHINGTON.JPG
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African American


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves TX Gravestones
TXGenWeb Epodunk
Names in Stone
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Additional Cemetery Sources


Historical populations
Census Pop.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.

  • Martin Lutheran Church, Carmine -Records of Martin Lutheran Church, Carmine, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).*:
  • Phillipsburg - Records of the American Lutheran Church, Phillipsburg, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).
  • St. Matthew's Lutheran Church, Brenham - Records of St. Matthew's Lutheran Church, Brenham, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).
  • Records of Salem Lutheran Church, Brenham, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).



After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Washington County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • History of Brenham and Washington County, 1915 by Mrs. R. E. Pennington.  Digitized book online
  • History of Washington County, 1949 by Charles F. Schmidt
  • The Blazing Story of Washington County, 1950 by W. O. Dietrich
  • Historic Homes of Washington County, 1971 by Betty Cantrell Plummer
  • Brenham, Texas, 1844-1958, by Robert A. Hasskarl, Jr.
  • A History of Brenham, 1933 by Eula Richardson Hasskarl
  • Blue Bell ice cream: a century at the little creamery in Brenham, Texas, 1907-2007, by Dorothy McLeod MacInerney information
  • Washington County History from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • History of the Jews in Brenham from wikipedia.org




Mexican-American War
Civil War
World War I


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).
  • The Portal to Texas History includes a Texas Newspaper collection here:[1]
  • Home Town News Texas Newspaper Index with links
  • NewslinkTexas Newspaper List (sorted by publication frequency)
  • The Olden Times Historic Texas News Online



Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records


Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.


Online Birth Indexes and Records


Online Marriage Indexes and Records


Online Death Indexes and Records


Societies and Libraries

Nancy Carol Roberts Memorial Library
100 Martin Luther King Jr Pkwy
Brenham, TX 77833
Telephone Number: 979-337-7201

Washington County Genealogical Society
211 South Day St., Suite 105
Brenham, TX 77833

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Texas. Page 675 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).