Washington County, Ohio Genealogy

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United States
Washington County

Guide to Washington County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Washington County, Ohio
Boundary map of Washington County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Washington County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Washington County Courthouse
205 Putnam St.
Marietta, Ohio 45750
Washington County Website

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records

*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries
  • Parent Counties: Formed from unorganized land in 1788.
  • County Seat: Marietta


The county was named for George Washington.[1] It's county seat is Marietta and was founded 1788. It is located in the Southeast area of the state.[2]

Neighboring Counties

Monroe County  • Noble County  • Morgan County  • Athens County  • Wood County, West Virginia  • Pleasants County, West Virginia  • Tyler County, West Virginia

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Boundary changes

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves


OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census and Directories

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Funeral Homes




Local histories are available for Washington County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

  • Dennis, James L., Washington's Darker Brother: One Hundred Years of Black History in Washington County, Ohio, 1788-1888, (Parkersburg, West Virginia: J.L. Dennis, 1986). FHL book 977.198 F2d
  • Jordan, Wayne, The People of Ohio's First County, (Dayton, Ohio : Wright State University, 1989). FHL film 1704680 item 6
  • Creigh, Alfred, History of Washington County: From Its First Settlement to the Present Time, (B. Singerly, 1871). Digital copy at Google Books Internet Archive

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Finding More Land Records

Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:




War of 1812
Civil War

Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Washington County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company L
- 36th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, F, and G
  • Sams, Catherine J. (Catherine Jean Lewis). 1890 census, veterans & widows of the Civil War, Washington County, Ohio. (Caldwell, Ohio : F & L Enterprises, 1989) FHL Book 977.198 X2s
  • MIlitary Records for Ohio Counties
  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Marietta Chapter (Marietta, Ohio). Revolutionary soldiers buried in Washington County, Ohio : containing military records and short history of lives. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973. FHL Collection
  • Civil War - Fallen Soldiers From Washington County, Ohio.  Taken from The History of Washington Co., Ohio 1778-1881 by H. Z. Williams    (Partial List - 624 Names)
  • 1890 Census for Civil War Veterans & Widows - Duhham Twp, Washington County, Ohio

Naturalization and Citizenship


Washington County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers. Online Newspapers

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form




Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records



Washington County Courthouse
205 Putnam Street
Marietta, OH 45740
Phone: 740.373.6623

Probate Judge has birth and death records from 1867
marriage and probate records from 1789
Clerk Court has
divorce and court records from 17
County recorder has
land records
Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.
(Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002),
Washington County, Ohio.
Page 546 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.


Washington County Chapter Ohio Genealogical Society
PO Box 2174
Marietta, OH 45750

Washington County Historical Society
P.O. Box 103
Marietta, OH 45750
Telephone: 740-373-1788

Online Genealogy Research Groups



Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Ohio Taxation.

  • 1800–1850 Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. Name index of tax records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. The majority of the tax records in this collection are for the years 1816 through 1838. Currently (September 2012) this collection is 17% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm


Online Death Indexes and Records

  • 1840-2001 - Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001 at FamilySearch — index and images
  • 1908-1953 - Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953. Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm




Populated Places

Adams, Alden, Archers, Archers Fork, Aurelius
Barlow, Bartlett, Bevertown, Beckett, Belpre
Bevan, Beverly, Blennerhassett View, Bonn, Briggs
Caywood, Churchtown, Clifton, Coal Run, Constitution Corner
Cornerville, Cow Run, Cutler, Dale, Dalzell
Dart, Decatur, Decaturville, Dell, Deucher
Devola, Dunbar, Dunham, East Norwood, Elba
Equity, Fairfield, Fay, Fearing, Fillmore
Fleming, Gasville, Germantown, Glass, Gracey
Grandview, Harmar, Hayward, Heslop, Hills
Hohman, Independence, Layman, Leith, Liberty
Little Hocking, Locust Fork, Lowell, Lower Newport, Lower Salem
Ludlow, Luke Chute, Macksburg, Marietta, McAvan
Moore Junction, Moss Run, Murphy, Napier, New Matamoras
Newell Run, Newport, Norwood, Oak Grove, Patten Mills
Pinehurst, Porterfield, Qualey, Rainbow, Rathbone
Redbush, Relief, Reno, Riverview, Rockland
Sandhill, Schley, Shay, Sitka, Springdale
Stanleyville, Steel Run, Swift, Tick Ridge, Unionville
Upper Lowell, Veto, Vincent, Wade, Warner
Waterford, Watertown, West Marietta, Wesley, Whipple, Wingett Run, Wolf Creek,Yankeeburg

Neighboring Counties


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Ohio accessed 2/27/2017.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Washington County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/washington/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  3. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.