Washington County, Maryland Genealogy
|Washington County, Maryland|
Location in the state of Maryland
Location of Maryland in the U.S.
|Founded||September 6, 1776|
|Address|| Washington County Courthouse|
P.O. Box 229
Hagerstown, MD 21741
Washington County Website
- 1 Courthouse
- 2 History
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Resources
- 4.1 Cemeteries
- 4.2 Census
- 4.3 Church
- 4.4 Court
- 4.5 Facebook
- 4.6 Gazetteers
- 4.7 Genealogy
- 4.8 Immigration
- 4.9 Land
- 4.10 Local Histories
- 4.11 Land
- 4.12 Maps
- 4.13 Military
- 4.14 Newspapers
- 4.15 Periodicals
- 4.16 Probate
- 4.17 Taxation
- 4.18 Vital Records
- 5 Societies and Libraries
- 6 Websites
- 7 References
Register of Wills
HistoryGeneral George Washington, who later became the first President of the United States. Washington County lies in the heart of the Great Valley, which extends down from Central Pennsylvania through Tennessee. The county is located in the portion of the Great Valley known as The Cumberland Valley located north of the Potomac River. The lower portion of the Cumberland Valley is drained by Antietam Creek and Conococheague Creek. Washington County has 24 graceful stone arch bridges built between 1819 and 1863.
Washington County was created 6 September 1776 from Frederick County and has 458 square miles which contains 3 National Parks, 7 State Parks, 14 County Parks, and numerous City and Town Parks. Hagerstown is the county seat.
Allegany County was formed from Washington County on 25 December 1789.
For animated maps illustrating Maryland county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Maryland County Boundary Maps" (1637-1997) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
1871 ~ On December 6, 1871 the courthouse was destroyed by fire History of Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md .
West Virginia counties:
|Tombstone Transcriptions Online||Tombstone Transcriptions in Print||List of Cemeteries in the county|
|Findagrave.com||Family History Library||Findagrave.com|
|See Maryland Cemeteries for more information.|
A complete list of Cemeteries in Washington County can be found on the Washington County Cemeteries page. For more information about Cemeteries in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Cemeteries page.
Federal Census reports available 1790-1930 including slave and veterans schedules. For tips on accessing Washington County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.
- St. Mary’s Catholic Church Records: 1818-1900, Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland by Marsha Lynne Fuller, CGRS.  The Church, its history, cemetery, and the poet priest, Father Abram J. Ryan. It includes copies of church records and information taken from Priest’s Journal, 1786-1911, Baptisms, 1818-1900, Marriages, 1818-1900, Confirmations, 1852-1871, and Deaths, 1853 - 1900. (2001) $
- Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions is not intended to be a complete listing of all Religious institutions in Maryland. It was originally based upon the churches recorded by the Federal Works Progress Administration during a records survey conducted from 1935 to 1941. It has been expanded by later acquisitions from religious organizations to the Maryland State Archives.
The following records, taken from its collection, have been digitized and made available to view for free online:
- Evangelical Lutheran, Elizabethtown Church, includes various records 1760s-1960s
- Lutheran, (German) St. John's Church, includes various records 1790s-1830s, including English translations
- Protestant Episcopal, St. John's Church, includes:Parish Registers 1816-1963 (baptisms, marriages, burials) and Vestry Minutes 1787-1873
Additional Washington County church resources include:
- List of Churches of Washington County gives a link to individual church's locations.
For more information about Churches in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Church Records page.
- Washington County Register of Wills Clerk of Orphan's Court has Probate Records from 1777.
- Washington County Circuit Court Clerk has Land Records from 1777 and Marriage Records from earliest to 1919.
- Maryland, Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951.
- Indexed Maryland, Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931
- Come join our Washington County, Maryland Genealogy Facebook Group
- Profiles for 248 Populated Places in Washington County MarylandFor more information about Gazetteers in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Gazetteers page.
- [Beal] Bounds, Eleanor Poe. Biehl/Beal--Kuefer Descendants. Effingham, Ill.: E.P. Bounds, 1997. FHL Collection.
- [Fuller] Fuller, Marsha Lynne, CGRS. Family Bible Records in the Washington County Free Library, Hagerstown, Maryland. Westminster, MD: Willow Bend Books, Heritage Books, 2003 $
- [Fry] Fry, Ronald E. Andrew Fry (1765-1842) and Some of His Descendants: With Notes on Allied Families: Motz, Frederick, Secrist and Others ... Monticello, Ind.: R.E. Fry, 1989, c1982. FHL Book 929.273 F945r.
- [Ginder] Kintner, Elgin P. Ginder--Gindner--Kintner--Lamb connection to Crites--Earhart. MSS. Microfilmed 1982: FHL Film 1317052 Item 8.
- [Heflibauer] Rohrbach, Lewis Bunker. Hoffelbauer Genealogy, 1585-1993, The American Families Hefelbower, Heffelbower, Heflebower, Hefflebower, Heflybower, Hefflibauer, Heflibauer and Heffelbauer Together with Their German and Austrian Ancestry. Camden, Me.: Picton Press, 1993. FHL Book 929.273 H675rL.
- [Householder] Rogers, Bessie R. The Householders of America: A Genealogy of the Descendants of Jonathan Householder of Butler, Pa., With Families from Pa. and Elsewhere. Salt Lake City, Utah: B.R. Rogers, 1947. FHL Film 517200 Item 4.
- [Householder] Rogers, Bessie R. Householders of America: A Geneology [i.e. Genealogy] of Johannes Hausshalter, an Early Inhabitant of Maryland and Pennsylvania: With Families from Pennsylvania and Elsewhere of Householder, Housholder and Haushalter. Salt Lake City, Utah: B.R. Rogers, 1948. FHL Book 929.273 H816r 1948.
- [Nead] Wurstner, Betty Miller. Genealogy of the Matthias Nead Family in America, 1752-1973. Typescript, Dunbar Library, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. Copy: FHL Film 1871571 Item 21.
- [Oliver] Rossin, Richard J. "Otho Oliver of New York City and Washington County, Maryland: His Parents and Descendants," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 143, No. 1 (Jan. 2012):5-20. Digital version at The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 143.
- [Parrott] Parrott, Irma Holter et al. Historical and Biographical Sketch, Parrott - Parrotte Family. 1954-1955. FHL Book 929.273 P249pi.
- [Randolph] Randolph, Blanche Willie Grace and Deborah Ann Kraemer Small. The Randolphs of Prince William County, Virginia. Little Rock, Arkansas: B. Randolph, 1979. FHL Collection
- [Randolph] Small, Deborah Ann Kraemer and Blanche Willie Grace Randolph. The Randolphs of Prince William County, Virginia, Volume II. Winter Park, Florida: D. Small, 1989. FHL Collection
- [Randolph] Raski, Arma, James Randolph, and Glenita Guthrie. Additions, corrections to Vol. II, the Randolphs of Prince William Co., VA by Deborah K. Small.FHL 6075877
- [Rule] Rule, William. The Rule Family of East Tennessee and Extended Points. Knoxville, Tenn.: W. Rule III, 1984. FHL Book 929.273 R861r.
- [Rule] Rule, William. Up-date of "The Rule of East Tennessee and Extended Points." Knoxville, Tenn.: W. Rule, 1990s. FHL Book 929.273 R861r supp..
- [Shaver] Shaver, Chester L. History of the Shaver Family in Washington County, Maryland and Somerset County, Pennsylvania. 2 vols. Clear Water, Md.: Jean Woods, 1980. FHL Book 929.273 Sh25sc.
- [Shockey] Shockey, Donald E. and Thelma Irene Peterson Shockey. The Shockey Chronicles: Biographical Annals of the Shockey Family. 2 vols. Baltimore, Md.: Gateway Press, c1986. FHL Book 929.273 Sh72sh v. 1-v. 2.
- [Shryock] History of Colonel Henry Shryock: Ancestor of Miss Nettie Carbaugh, Mrs. T. S. Montgomery, Miss Sarah Sryock, Miss Lynn Carbough, Miss Elissa Montgomery, Mrs. John J. Klouss, Miss Louise Lemley, Mrs. K. P. Jones, Mrs. William Miller, Jr., Colonel William Byrd Chapter, Wichester, Virginia. Typescript. Microfilmed 1978: FHL Film 1036817 Item 11.
- [Shultz] Bushman, Katherine G. Shultz of Augusta County, Virginia: Being A Supplement to the Material Recorded in The Genealogical Record of the Schwenkfelder Families, Edited by Samuel K. Brecht, 1923. Staunton, Va.: K.G. Bushman, 1974. FHL Book 929.273 Sh92bk.
- [Slusher] King, Hatcher and Alta King. Turman and Slusher Genealogy, 1757-1974: Christopher Slusher Sr., Wife, Eva, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, Fredrick, Washington counties, Maryland, Montgomery, Floyd counties, Virginia. MSS. Microfilmed 1974-1975: FHL Collection.
- [Studebaker] Studebaker Family National Association and Ruth Epler Studebaker. The Studebaker Family: From the Palatinate Germany to America 1736, Our Forefathers Clement, Heinrich, Peter Studebaker. Tipp City, Ohio: Studebaker Family National Association, 1966-. 47+ vols. FHL Book 929.27305 St94sf.
- [Vanswearingen] Daniels, Frances C.T. Some Descendants of Garrett Vanswearingen of St. Mary's, Maryland. Georgetown, Del.: A.B. and R.P. Thompson, 1983. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.
- [Williams] Birch, Nicki Peak. "Tracking Basil Williams of Maryland and Pennsylvania Through Changing Residences and Multiple Marriages," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 96, No. 1 (March 2008):23-37. FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 96
- List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Washington County, Maryland (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database. [Includes Richard J. Cox's abstracts of Maryland Gazette runaways.]
- Naturalizations of Washington County, Maryland, Prior to 1880 by Marsha Lynne Fuller, CGRS. This is an essential source book for anyone researching immigrant ancestors. Washington County was in the middle of two major migratory routes: the National Road and the southern access to the Valley of Virginia. The naturalization documents include the ancestor’s name, date of birth, place of birth, date and port of emigration from Europe and immigration into this country, as well as witnesses. Records are from 1798 to 1879. This work abstracts text of 1700 courthouse documents and provides an alphabetical listing of all immigrants plus an index of full witness names. (1998, 2001). $
Through a Joint Government Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Washington County Deed Books (1776-present) have been uploaded to their website: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)
- Washington County Circuit Court Clerk has Land Records from 1777.
See the Maps section of this article for information about plat and ownership maps. For more information about Land in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Land and Property page.
- History of Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md By Herbert Charles Bell  is a history of the early settlers of the Leitersberg District near Hagerstown, Maryland. This is first rate guide to the early genealogical records of the time and place. Full text can be accessed at Google Books and at FamilySearch
- A History of Washington County, Maryland, by Thomas John Chew Williams from the earliest settlements to the present time, including a history of Hagerstown, to this is added a biographical record of representative families prepared from data obtained from original sources of information. A snippet view can be seen at Google Books.
- African American Manumissions of Washington County, Maryland, by Marsha Lynne Fuller. This is an essential source book for anyone researching African American ancestors. Washington County was in the middle of two major migratory routes, the National Road and the southern access to the Valley of Virginia. The manumission documents include names and full physical description of the ancestor. They frequently include dates and places of birth as well as names of children. Records are from 1806 to 1862. This work is a full text of courthouse documents in their entirety with an index of all persons. $
Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Washington County Deed Books (1776-present) have been uploaded to their website: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)
- Interactive Map of Maryland County Formation History
- Washington County USGenWeb Project This site has numerous old maps and/or links to old maps online of Washington County, including the map of the original patent holders of the county, Washington County Hundreds, 1859 William Taggert Map, 1877 Illustrated Atlas, 1879 Ilustrated Atlas, and 1895 County Atlas.
- 1877 Washington County Atlas is an Illustrated Atlas of Washington County, Maryland and was published in 1877 by Lake, Griffing & Stevenson of Philadelphia.
- 1895 Atlas of Washington County.
- Military Maps by David Rumsey of Washington County in the 1800's.
- Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection has State Maps, City Maps, Maps of National Parks, Monuments, and Historic Sites.
- 1861-1865 - Maryland, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
- 1861-1865 - Maryland, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
Regiments. Service men in Washington County, Maryland Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Washington County, Maryland Genealogy:
- - 1st Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company E, F, and H
- - 2nd Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company F
- - 3rd Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade , Company E
- - 4th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company A
- - 6th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Company H
- - 7th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Company A and I
Civil War Battle
The following Civil War battles were fought in Washington County:
- January 5-6, 1862 - Hancock 
- September 14, 1862 - South Mountain, also known as Crampton's, Turner's, and Fox's Gaps
- September 16-18, 1862 - Antietam
William Roulette becoming the final resting place for 700 soldiers. Other of the dead were buried in fields surrounding this once peaceful little community. Antietam is considered a turning point of the Civil War.
- Crossroads of war: Washington County, Maryland, in the Civil War by S. Roger Keller;  focuses on cross-section of the happenings of both civilians and the military with eyewitness accounts of events in Washington County history.
- Events of the Civil War in Washington County, Maryland By S. Roger Keller, Dennis E. Frye;Events of the Civil War shows that War through the eyes of one community drawn from letters, newspapers, regimental histories, diaries, family histories, and published and unpublished archival sources.
Other Civil War Battles that were fought in Washington include:
- July 6-16 - Williamsport, also known as Hagerstown and Falling Waters
- July 8, 1863 - Boonsboro
- The Bivouacs of the Dead: The Story of those Who Died at Antietam and South Mountain. Stotelmyer, Steven R., Baltimore, MD: Toomey Press, 1992.  148 pages. Includes histories, maps and rosters of Antietam, Washington, Mt. Olivet and Elmwood Cemeteries.
- Map showing Civil War battles in Maryland
- Battle of Antietam: Two Great American Armies Engage in Combat
- Confederate Soldiers Online transcription of 1869 record of original Confederate Burials in Washington County, Maryland, including Antietam Battlefield Washington County Maryland Free Library -for reference only}
- Herald of Freedom and Torch Light newspaper articles about the Battle of Antietam.
- The American Civil War: Battle of Antietam / Sharpsburg
- A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Maryland, Washington County on page 127.]
- List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Maryland, Washington County, pp. 156-159. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
The 1778 Oath of Fidelity lists for Washington County have been published in:
- Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. Revolutionary Records of Maryland. Washington, D.C.: R.H. Darby Print., 1924. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.
For more information about the Military in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Military Records page.
- Washington County newspapers are identified in "Guide to Maryland Newspapers," available online, courtesy: Special Collections, Maryland State Archives.
- The Historic Newspaper Indexing Project had its beginnings in 1980 as an excellent resource for patrons researching Washington County history and genealogy.
- Washington County and Hagerstown, Maryland historical newspaper articles.
- For more information about Newspapers in Maryland please refer to the Maryland Newspapers page.
- Maryland Historical Magazine article found on Google Books: "Washington County, Maryland" by T. J. C Williams
For more information about Maryland Periodicals please refer to the Maryland Periodicals page.
- Washington County Register of Wills/ Clerk of Orphan's Court  has Probate Records from 1777.
- Wills can be found at Distribution of Estates Accounts, Washington County, Maryland, 1778-1890 
- Images of Maryland, Register of Will Books, 1629-1999.
Online Probate Records
- 1635 – 1777 Maryland Wills and Probate Records, 1635-1777 at Ancestry.com — index and images $
- 1635 – 1743 Maryland Calendar of Wills 1635-1743 at Ancestry.com — index and images $
- 1796 – 1940 Maryland Probate Estate and Guardianship Files , 1796-1940 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1783 - Washington County Tax List of 1783: This is an alphabetical index to names to all property owners assessed. The index cards at the Maryland State Archives include county, hundred, names of tracts of land and whether individuals were paupers or single males as provided in the law. NOTE: Although the county name is not at the top of this list, it is for Washington County.
- 1783 - "Washington County 1783 Tax Assessment," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Apr. 1991):77-82; Vol. 7, No. 3 (Jul. 1991):119-125; Vol. 7, No. 4 (Oct. 1991):169-174; Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan. 1992):20-23; Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr. 1992):65-71; Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jul. 1992):118-126; Vol. 8, No. 4 (Oct. 1992):169-175; Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan. 1993):23-27; Vol. 9, No. 3 (Jul. 1993):126-131.
- 1803-1804 - Western Maryland's Historical LIbrary has Washington County Taxes. 1803 - 1804
- 1650 - 1995 Maryland Births and Christenings, 1650-1995 - index
- Maryland Marriage References by Robert Barnes - free.
- Marriage Records - Maryland State Archives
- To 1919 Washington County Circuit Court Clerk has Marriage Records from earliest to 1919 
- 1655 - 1850 Maryland Marriages, 1655-1850 ($)
- 1658 - 1940 Maryland County Marriages, 1658-1940 at FamilySearch — index
- 1666 - 1970 Maryland Marriages, 1666-1970 at FamilySearch — index
- 1778 - 1860 Marriage records can be found at Distribution of Estates Accounts, Washington County, Maryland, 1778-1860 , available on microfilm through Family History Library.
- 1898 - 1944 Maryland Death Index 1898-1944.
Other Washington County death resources include:
Societies and Libraries
Smithsburg Historical Society
20 East Water Street
P.O. Box 403
Smithsburg, MD 21783
Washington County MD Genealogy
The Maryland National Guard Military Historical Society, Inc.
Fifth Regiment Armory
219 29th Division Street
Baltimore, MD 21201-2288
Family History Centers
- The Washington County USGenWeb Project This site has online records and links to records for historical and genealogical information pertaining to Washington County, Maryland.
- Washington County, Maryland Genealogy, History and Facts (Genealogy Inc)
- FamilySearch Catalog, Washington County
- FamilyHart Online Database This online family database contains over 843,000 linked family names. It grows by 1,500 names per week, and is updated quarterly. There are many many Washington County names in this database.
- The USGenWeb Archives Project for Washington County.
- The USGenWeb Archives Project for Washington County. (Backup site)
- Jew's Genealogy - This website contains information on many families from the Washington County, Maryland area.
- "Washington Co.," in Genealogical Sources in Periodicals at The Maryland State Archives.
- Know Your County-Facts about Washington County and its government, League of Women Voters of Washington County, MD 2006, p. 4
- Herbert Charles Bell, History of Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md., Leitersburg, Md., Published by The author, 1898; page 13.
- Marsha Lynne Fuller, CG, St. Mary’s Catholic Church Records: 1818-1900, Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland. , 2007, 5½x8½, paper, index, 698 pp. ISBN: 1585497703. This book and author can be found at Heritage Books$
- Marsha Lynne Fuller, CG, Naturalizations of Washington County, Maryland, Prior to 1880. The 2010 edition, 5½x8½, paper, index, 306 pp. This book and author can be found at Heritage Books.com $
- Herbert Charles Bell, History of Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md , Leitersburg, Md., Published by The author, 1898; can be found at WorldCat
- Thomas John Chew Williams, A History of Washington County, Maryland - Washington Co., Md - 1968 - 1347 pages Reprint of the ed published in 1906 by J. M. Runk L. R. Titsworth, Hagerstown, Md. WorldCat
- Marsha Lynne Fuller, CG, African American Manumissions of Washington County, Maryland 1997 - 265 pages with an index.(1997), 2001, 5½x8½, paper. This book and author can be found at Heritage Books$
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012)
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
- Crossroads of war : Washington County, Maryland, in the Civil War, Edition: illustrated, Published by Burd Street Press, 1997, Original from the University of Michigan, Digitized Sep 22, 2008, ISBN 1572490365, 9781572490369, 312 pages WorldCat 36726487
- A snippet view is available at q=%22%22+washington+county%2BMaryland dq=%22%22+washington+county%2BMaryland client=internal-uds source=uds pgis=1 Google Books Events of the Civil War in Washington County, Maryland; Contributor Dennis E. Frye; Edition: illustrated, Published by Burd Street Press, 1995 Original from the University of Michigan, Digitized Sep 22, 2008, ISBN 0942597567, 9780942597561, 412 pages
- referer=brief_results Worldcat
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012)
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)
- WorldCat Reference
- Washington County Court located at: 24 Summit Avenue, Room 213, Hagerstown, MD 21740, 301-739-3612
- Google Books
- located at 95 W. Washington Street, Hagerstown 21740; Mailing Address: P.O. Box 229, Hagerstown, MD 21741; 301-733-8660
- Google Books