Washington County, Iowa Genealogy

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Guide to Washington County, Iowa ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Washington County, Iowa
Map of Iowa highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Location of Iowa in the U.S.
Founded January 18, 1838
County Seat Washington
Iowa, Washington County Courthouse.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for George Washington. The County has Washington as its seat and the County was created 1838. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[1]

Washington County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1844 1880 1836 1839 1836 1847
Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths Jan 1891. General compliance by 1924.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1838--Washington County was created 18 January 1838 from Henry, Louisa, and Muscatine Counties. It was formerly named Slaughter County, but the name changed to Washington County 25 January 1839.
County seat: Washington [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Iowa County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Iowa County Boundary Maps" (1816-1872) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Henry • Iowa • Jefferson • Johnson • Keokuk • Louisa

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
IAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
IAGenWeb Archives FamilySearch Places
Tombstone Project
Iowa Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 4,957
1860 14,235 187.2%
1870 18,952 33.1%
1880 20,374 7.5%
1890 18,468 −9.4%
1900 20,718 12.2%
1910 19,925 −3.8%
1920 20,421 2.5%
1930 19,822 −2.9%
1940 20,055 1.2%
1950 19,557 −2.5%
1960 19,406 −0.8%
1970 18,967 −2.3%
1980 20,141 6.2%
1990 19,612 −2.6%
2000 20,670 5.4%
2010 21,704 5.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records. List of Churches and Church Parishes

Lutheran[edit | edit source]
  • Records of the Immanuel Lutheran Church, Washington County, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Washington County, Iowa Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Iowa Local Histories.

The History of Washington County, Iowa

Maps[edit | edit source]

Iowa CountyJohnson CountyLouisa CountyHenry CountyJefferson CountyKeokuk CountyIA WASHINGTON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Washington County, Iowa Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Washington County, Iowa Genealogy: .

- 1st Regiment, Iowa Cavalry, Company F
- 2nd Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company H
- 7th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company H
- 8th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company C
- 10th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company E
- 11th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company F
- 13th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I
- 13th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company K
- 17th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company D
- 18th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I
- 19th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company C
- 25th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company A
- 25th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I
- 30th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company E
- 30th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company K
- 31st Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company K
- 45th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company B

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: List of online newspaper archives

NewspaperArchive.com ($) has a large collection of digitized Iowa newspapers online. This database is sometimes free at libraries.

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Births[edit | edit source]
Marriages[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Washington County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 446
Washington IA 52353-0446

Washington County Historical Society
P.O. Box 924
Washington, Iowa 52353

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Iowa."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Iowa. Page 230-238 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 222-225.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Washington County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Iowa, accessed 2 November 2019.