Washington County, Arkansas Genealogy

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United States
Arkansas
Washington County
 

Guide to Washington County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Fayetteville
Organized: October 17, 1828
Parent County(s): Lovely[1]
Neighboring Counties
Adair (OK)  • Benton  • Crawford  • Madison
See County Maps
Courthouse
ArkansasWashingtonCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Ar-washington.png
Adoption
Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park (ACW), Washington County, Arkansas by Justin Fisher

County Information

Description

Washington County is Arkansas's seventeenth county, formed on October 17, 1828, and named for George Washington, the first President of the United States.

County Courthouse

Washington County Courthouse
280 N College Ave #300
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone: 501.444.1711
Washington County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1845 and probate records from 1828;
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records;
City Librarian has cemetery records[2]


Washington County, Arkansas

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914* 1845 1914* 1835 1834 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

1861 thru 1864 Some records missing. Also, probate and will records, A and B, have been stolen.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Washington County, Arkansas:

  • Elkins
  • Elm Springs
  • Farmington
  • Fayetteville
  • Goshen
  • Greenland
  • Johnson
  • Lincoln
  • Prairie Grove
  • Springdale
  • Tontitown
  • West Fork
  • Winslow

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Washington County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [5]

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Washington County, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
  • Find A Grave Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
  • Arkansas Gravestones enter a name and click "Search"
  • Billion Graves Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

 

Cemeteries of Washington County - Index and Transcriptions -  Washington County ARGenWeb, Combs Cemetery, Confederate Cemetery, Fayetteville National Cemetery, Harrell Cemetery, Joyce Cemetery, Mount Salem Cemetery, Reese Cemetery 1, Reese Cemetery 2, Roberson CemeteryTharp Cemetery, Walker Cemetery, Whitehouse CemeteryZion Cemetry

Census Records

Church Records

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

  • Biographies from The History of Washington County, Arkansas (1889) published by Goodspeed Publishing Company are available free on the My Genealogy Hound website.

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Federal Land PatentsHomestead and Cash Entry Patents Before 1908  -  USGenWeb Washington County Archives,  Land Records 1834-1991, Fayetteville Public Library Land Index, 1830-1903

Washington County Archives Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Click on a neighboring county to go to the wiki page.
Mayes CountyDelaware CountyBenton CountyCherokee CountyCarroll County, ArkansasSequoyah CountyWashington CountyFranklin CountyJohnson CountyNewton CountyMadison CountyCrawford CountyLogan CountySebastian CountyHaskell CountyMcDonald CountyLe Flore CountyBarry CountyAdair CountyARWashington3.JPG


Migration

Military Records

Revolutionary War

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Arkansas, Washington County on page 191.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Arkansas section begins on page 439.]

Mexican War

Civil War

Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Washington County.

- 1st Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry (Stirman's) (Confederate), Companies D and E
- 16th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company G
- 17th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Griffith's) (Confederate), Companies D and E
- 34th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies A, B, C, H and K
- Witherspoon's Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Union)[6]
- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)[7]Company C

Online Records

Also see Arkansas in the Civil War

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Washington County.

Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Historical online newspapers

Current online newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Obituaries

  • Obituaries submitted to Washington County ARGenWeb
  • Obituary Records: 1868-2010 | Courtesy of the Fayetteville Public Library | This index covers three newspapers: Northwest Arkansas Times, Fayetteville Weekly Democrate and the Fayetteville Daily Democrate

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records

Birth

  • 1900 - 1953 - Washington County Birth Index 1900-1953. Batch C750893 at FamilySearch - free.

Marriage

Death

  • Obituaries submitted to Washington County ARGenWeb

 Washington County Death Records Index 1914-1923

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Websites

  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Matthew Bryan Kirkpatrick, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=813&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 18, 2016), “Washington County.”
  6. Arkansas, Adjutant General's Office, Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas, for the period of the late rebellion, and to November 1, 1866, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1990) FHL fiche 6082312
  7. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1987) FHL book 976.7 M28dc
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August 2012).
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/d/d7/Arkansasnz.pdf.
  11. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki.