Wales Poor Law Unions
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Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 all parishes in Wales and England were grouped together into Poor Law Unions. Each Poor Law Union had to provide a place where people who were unable to support themselves could live and work, known as the workhouse. Conditions in the workhouses were deliberately made to be harsh, spartan and degrading so as to deter all but the absolutely destitute.
Before the 1834 Act, although some workhouses did exist, individual parishes provided relief in the form of money, food, clothing or goods, but the recipients continued to live independently.
The Workhouse system was not abolished until the 1930s.
These Poor Law Unions were based on neither county boundaries nor national boundaries, with many Unions along the Wales-England border covering parts of both countries.
- Anglesey Poor Law Unions
- Breconshire Poor Law Unions
- Caernarfonshire Poor Law Unions
- Cardiganshire Poor Law Unions
- Carmarthenshire Poor Law Unions
- Denbighshire Poor Law Unions
- Flintshire Poor Law Unions
- Glamorgan Poor Law Unions
- Merionethshire Poor Law Unions
- Monmouthshire Poor Law Unions
- Montgomeryshire Poor Law Unions
- Pembrokeshire Poor Law Unions
- Radnorshire Poor Law Unions
- Workhouses (National Library of Wales)
- Poor Law Administration (National Library of Wales)
- Llanfyllin Workhouse restoration (BBC Wales)